Sunday, July 3, 2011

[Herpetology • 2011] Pseudophilautus hankeni & P. schneideri • new Shrub Frogs from Sri Lanka

Pseudophilautus hankeni & P. schneideri
Meegaskumbura & Manamendra-Arachchi, 2011

Two new species of Sri Lankan shrub frogs of the genus Pseudophilautus are described. These species are diagnosed from their congeners on the basis of morphology, morphometrics and mitochondrial DNA sequence data. Pseudophilautus schneideri, new species, is distinguished from all Sri Lankan Pseudophilautus by its small size (< 22.8 mm SVL), distinct tympanum and supratympanic fold, sharp canthal edges, granular throat, chest and belly, and absence or presence of a vomerine ridge. Pseudophilautus hankeni, new species, is distinguished by its diminutive size (< 21.9 mm SVL), distinct tympanum, rounded canthal edges, tuberculated outer edge of lower arm, tuberculated dermal fold on outer edge of foot, granular throat, chest and belly, and the absence of a vomerine ridge. Pseudophilautus schneideri inhabits shrubs in open areas of the low to mid-elevations of the island’s south-western ‘wet zone’ (rainfall > 2,000 mm/yr), including anthropogenic habitats, while P. hankeni is found on shrubs in the understorey of montane forests of the highest peaks (c. 1,200–1,600 m elevation) of the Knuckles region. These descriptions bring the total number of valid species of Sri Lankan Pseudophilautus to 67, 48 of which are extant.

Key words: Rhacophorinae, taxonomy, molecular systematics, Knuckles Hills, conservation

Pseudophilautus schneideri Meegaskumbura & Manamendra-Arachchi, 2011
Type locality: Sri-Lanka

Pseudophilautus hankeni Meegaskumbura & Manamendra-Arachchi, 2011
Type locality: Sri-Lanka

FIGURE 7. Distribution of Pseudophilautus schneideri, n. sp. (circles)
and Pseudophilautus hankeni, n. sp., (squares), in Sri Lanka

Meegaskumbura, M. & Manamendra-Arachchi, K. 2011: Two new species of shrub frogs (Rhacophoridae: Pseudophilautus) from Sri Lanka. Zootaxa, 2747: 1–18. Preview | Meegaskumbura&Manamendra TwoNew2011.pdf