Prince of Wales stream treefrog or Prince Charles Torrenteer
Coloma, Carvajal-Endara, Dueñas, Paredes-Recalde, Morales-Mite, Almeida-Reinoso, Tapia, Hutter, Toral, & Guayasamin 2012
We describe two sympatric new species of Hyloscirtus from northwestern Ecuador: H. criptico sp. nov. and H. princecharlesi sp. nov. We diagnose them by their phylogenetic position (they are not sister to each other), genetic divergence, and a unique combination of color patterns, and other morphological features.
.....Most species of the H. larinopygion group are currently severely threatened by extinction, after surviving the catastrophic extinctions in the 1980s and 1990s that led to the disappearance of many other sympatric anurans that bred in swiftly flowing water and had lotic water tadpoles in the Andean highlands. Research and conservation actions are urgently needed for these species. In order to better call attention to these conservation issues, we name one of the new species in honor of Prince Charles of Wales, who is contributing significantly to the growth of awareness in the battle against tropical deforestation, climate change, and the catastrophic extinction of rainforest amphibians.
Key words: Anura; Ecuador; Calls; Conservation; Extinction; Hylidae; Hyloscirtus criptico sp. nov.; Hyloscirtus larinopygion; Hyloscirtus lindae; Hyloscirtus pantostictus; Hyloscirtus princecharlesi sp. nov.; Hyloscirtus psarolaimus; Hyloscirtus ptychodactylus; Hyloscirtus staufferorum; Hyloscirtus tigrinus; Morphology; New species; Osteology; Phylogeny; Systematics; Tadpoles
Prince Charles Torrenteer Hyloscirtus princecharlesi. 2012 © Tropical Herping
Meet Prince Charles The Frog Prince
FIGURE 1.— Eleven species of frogs of the Hyloscirtus larinopygion group included in this study: (A) H. criptico, CJ 313, (B) H. larinopygion, QCAZ 41826, (C) H. lindae, QCAZ 41298, (D) H. pacha, QCAZ (sc 32420), (E) H. pantostictus, no number associated, (F) H. princecharlesi, QCAZ 44893, (G) H. psarolaimus, QCAZ 31671, (H) H. ptychodactylus, no number associated, (I) H. staufferorum, QCAZ 45962, (J) H. tapichalaca, QCAZ (sc 29217), and (K) H. tigrinus, QCAZ 40331. Not to scale. Photos by Luis A. Coloma.
FIGURE 6.— Holotypes of (A) Hyloscirtus criptico (CJ 311), and (B) H. princecharlesi (CJ 308). Photos by Luis A. Coloma.
Cryptic Torrenteer Hyloscirtus cryptic. 2012 © Tropical Herping
Luis A. Coloma, Sofía Carvajal-Endara, Juan F. Dueñas, Arturo Paredes-Recalde, Manuel Morales-Mite, Diego Almeida-Reinoso, Elicio E. Tapia, Carl R. Hutter, Eduardo Toral, & Juan M. Guayasamin. 2012. Molecular phylogenetics of stream treefrogs of the Hyloscirtus larinopygion group (Anura: Hylidae), and description of two new species from Ecuador. Zootaxa. 3364: 78 pp.