Thursday, September 22, 2016

[Diplopoda • 2016] Four Colorful New Species of Dragon Millipedes, Genus Desmoxytes Chamberlin, 1923 (Polydesmida: Paradoxosomatidae), from northern Thailand; Desmoxytes des, D. breviverpa, D. takensis & D. pinnasquali

Desmoxytes pinnasquali 
 Srisonchai, Enghoff & Panha, 2016    

Four new dragon millipede species of the genus Desmoxytes from northern Thailand are described and illustrated: Desmoxytes des sp. n. from Chiang Mai Province, Desmoxytes breviverpa sp. n. from Phrae Province, Desmoxytes takensis sp. n. from Tak Province and Desmoxytes pinnasquali sp. n. from Phitsanulok Province. The new species were compared with type specimens of closely related species and were all found to exhibit explicit morphological differences from these. They can be distinguished from other members of Desmoxytes by the shape of the gonopods, the sternal process between male coxae 4, the pattern of spines or tubercles on the metaterga, and the shape of the paraterga. The coloration of all new species is clearly aposematic: ranging from purple-pink to red. The new species are discussed in relation to their congeners, and a distribution map is provided.

Keywords: Myriapoda, taxonomy, aposematic, endemism

Family Paradoxosomatidae Daday, 1889
Tribe Orthomorphini Brölemann, 1916
Genus Desmoxytes Chamberlin, 1923

• Desmoxytes des Srisonchai, Enghoff & Panha sp. n.

Etymology. The species epithet is a noun in apposition and refers to the shape of the paraterga which reminds us of an ancient Egyptian flint knife (des).

• Desmoxytes breviverpa Srisonchai, Enghoff & Panha sp. n.

Etymology. The name is a Latin noun in apposition, meaning “short intromittent organ”, and referring to the short, flagelliform solenomere. 

• Desmoxytes takensis Srisonchai, Enghoff & Panha sp. n.

Etymology. The name is Latin adjective referring to the province where the type locality occurs. 

Desmoxytes pinnasquali sp. n. — mating couple. 

• Desmoxytes pinnasquali Srisonchai, Enghoff & Panha sp. n.

Etymology. The name is a Latin noun in apposition, meaning “shark fin” and referring to the shape of a process on lamina medialis. 

Ruttapon Srisonchai, Henrik Enghoff, Natdanai Likhitrakarn and Somsak Panha. 2016. Four Colorful New Species of Dragon Millipedes, Genus Desmoxytes Chamberlin, 1923, from northern Thailand (Diplopoda: Polydesmida: Paradoxosomatidae).  Zootaxa. 4170(1); 93–113.  DOI:  10.11646/zootaxa.4170.1.4