Sunday, February 14, 2021

[Entomology • 2021] Revision of the Nearctic Genus Tritoxa Loew (Diptera: Ulidiidae)

1. Tritoxa flexa (Madison County, Tennessee); 2. T. incurva (Madison County, Tennessee);
3. Head of T. incurva;
6. Tritoxa californica sp. nov.; 7. T. cuneata; 8. T. decipiens sp. nov.; 9. T. flexa; 10. T. incurva; 11. T. pollinosa

in Sinclair, MacLeod & Wheeler, 2021

The species of the Nearctic genus Tritoxa Loew are revised. Seven species of Tritoxa are recognized, including two new species: T. californica sp. nov. (type locality: near Spring Garden, California), T. cuneata Loew, T. decipiens sp. nov. (type locality: near Smithers, British Columbia), T. flexa (Wiedemann), T. incurva Loew, T. pollinosa Cole and T. ra Harriot. One species from California and Nevada based on female specimens remains undescribed. A key to all species is provided, species are illustrated and their distributions mapped. Wing patterns may be used to differentiate among all species, although confident identification of certain sympatric species requires confirmation by examination of male genitalia.

Keywords: Diptera, Ulidiidae, Tritoxa, Nearctic, new species, black onion fly

FIGURES 1–2. Photographs of living Tritoxa species.
1. Tritoxa flexa (Madison County, Tennessee); 2. T. incurva (Madison County, Tennessee).
Photographs @ Ken Childs. 

FIGURES 3–5. Heads of Tritoxa species, anterior view.
3. T. incurva; 4. T. pollinosa; 5. T. ra.
Abbreviation: orb s—orbital setae.

FIGURES 6–13. Wings of Tritoxa species.
6. Tritoxa californica sp. nov.; 7. T. cuneata; 8. T. decipiens sp. nov.; 9. T. flexa; 10. T. incurva; 11. T. pollinosa; 12. T. ra; 13. Tritoxa sp.

Abbreviations: d bd—discal band; dm—discal medial cell; dm-m—discal medial crossvein; r-m—radial medial crossvein; sbap bd—subapical band; sbb bd—subbasal band.

  Bradley J. Sinclair, Alyssa M. MacLeod and Terry A. Wheeler. 2021. Revision of the Nearctic Genus Tritoxa Loew (Diptera: Ulidiidae). Zootaxa. 4920(3); 359–379. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4920.3.3