Saturday, April 23, 2016

[Herpetology • 2009] Conolophus marthae • A New Species of Land Iguana (Squamata, Iguanidae) from the Galápagos Archipelago

Galápagos Pink Land Iguana | Conolophus marthae 
Gentile & Snell, 2009  

Conolophus marthae sp. nov., a new species endemic to Volcan Wolf of northern Isla Isabela of the Galápagos archipelago, is described. The new species is morphologically, behaviorally, and genetically distinguished from the other two congeneric species C. subcristatus and C. pallidus. Besides the taxonomic implications, C. marthae sp. nov. is extremely important as it is the only evidence of deep divergence within the Galápagos land iguana lineage. 

Key words: Galápagos pink land iguana, Conolophus, Iguanidae, Squamata, Galápagos Islands, Galápagos National Park, lizards, endemism 

Galápagos Pink Land Iguana | Conolophus marthae
  Gentile & Snell, 2009  

Etymology. The new species is named in memory of Martha Rebecca Gentile, second daughter of the first author. Martha prematurely left this world. She was born dead, as consequence of a medical doctor’s negligence, on August 20th 2003. 

Distribution. Thus far, this species is known to occur only on Volcan Wolf (Fig. 1), the northernmost volcano of Isla Isabela (Galápagos National Park, Ecuador).

Gentile, Gabriele and Snell, Howard L. 2009. Conolophus marthae sp.nov. (Squamata, Iguanidae), A New Species of Land Iguana from the Galápagos Archipelago. Zootaxa. 2201: 1–10.

Volcano erupts in Galapagos Islands; only known home to recently-described pink #iguanas @SheddResearch
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