Thursday, February 18, 2016

[Herpetology • 2016] Brachycephalus sulfuratus • A New Species of Flea-Toad (Anura: Brachycephalidae) from southern Atlantic Forest, Brazil

Brachycephalus sulfuratus 
 Condez, de Carli Monteiro, Comitti, de Anchieta Garcia, Amaral & Haddad, 2016 


We describe a new species of Brachycephalus that is morphologically similar to the flea-toads B. didactylus, B. hermogenesi, and B. pulex. The new species occurs from the sea level up to 1000 m and it is widely distributed throughout southern Atlantic Forest. Brachycephalus sulfuratus sp. nov. is distinguished from all of its congeners by the combination of the following characters: (1) small body size (SVL of adults: 7.4–8.5 mm for males and 9.0–10.8 mm for females); (2) “leptodactyliform” body; (3) pectoral girdle arciferal and less robust compared to the Brachycephalus species with “bufoniform” body; (4) procoracoid and epicoracoid fused with coracoid but separated from the clavicle by a large fenestrae; (5) toe I externally absent; toes II, III, IV, and V distinct; phalanges of toes II and V reduced; (6) skin smooth with no dermal ossifications; (7) in life, general background color brown with small dark-brown spots; skin of throat, chest, arms, and forearms with irregular yellow blotches; in ventral view, cloacal region of alive and preserved specimens surrounded by a dark-brown inverted v-shaped mark outlined with white; (8) advertisement call long, composed of a set of 4–7 high-frequency notes (6.2–7.2 kHz) repeated regularly.

Keywords: Amphibia, Brachycephalus, Psyllophryne, taxonomy

Thais Helena Condez, Juliane Petry de Carli Monteiro, Estevão Jasper Comitti, Paulo Christiano de Anchieta Garcia, Ivan Borel Amaral and Célio Fernando Baptista Haddad. 2016. A New Species of Flea-Toad (Anura: Brachycephalidae) from southern Atlantic Forest, Brazil. Zootaxa. 4083(1)