Sato & Komai, 2023
A new species of the laomediid mud shrimp genus Naushonia Kingsley, 1897 is described and illustrated based on seven specimens collected from Okinawa Island, Ryukyu Islands, southwestern Japan. All specimens of Naushonia karashimai n. sp. were collected from burrows of a large axiidean shrimp, Neaxius acanthus (A. Milne-Edwards, 1879), which inhabits seagrass beds in inner reef lagoons. The new species is easily distinguished from all 16 known congeners by its tridentate rostrum and relatively narrow pereopod 1 palm with a proximally located pollex. Sequences of the mitochondrial 16S rRNA and COI genes were newly generated for five species and two species of Naushonia, including the new species, respectively. Preliminary phylogenetic analysis using sequences of the 16S rRNA gene was performed.
Keywords: Crustacea, COI, commensalism, inner reef, Naushonia karashimai, Neaxius acanthus, phylogenetic analysis, Strahlaxiidae, 16S rRNA
Taigi Sato and Tomoyuki Komai. 2023. A New Species of the Mud Shrimp Genus Naushonia Kingsley, 1897 (Decapoda: Gebiidea: Laomediidae) from the Ryukyu Islands, southwestern Japan, inhabiting Burrows of An axiidean Shrimp. Zootaxa. 5270(3); 561-572. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.5270.3.7