Tuesday, May 23, 2023

[Botany • 2023] Ensete nepalensis (Musaceae)A New Combination, Lectotypification and Recognition as A Distinct Species endemic to Nepal

Ensete nepalensis (Wall.) G.Parmar & Trias-Blasi, 

in Parmar, Lamichhane, Paudel et Trias-Blasi, 2023.
Field and herbarium-based studies have revealed that Musa nepalensis Wall. should be recognised as a species distinct from Musa glauca Roxb. (=Ensete glaucum (Roxb.) Cheesman), rather than a synonym as it has usually been assumed since the 1890s. Musa nepalensis is lectotypified, and a new combination Ensete nepalensis (Wall.) G.Parmar & Trias-Blasi is made. Diagnostic characters, distribution, a key to related species, habitat and phenological data are provided for E. nepalensis.

Key Words: Ensete, Himalaya, lectotype, Musa nepalensis, taxonomy

 Species of Ensete found in Nepal.
E. glaucum. A habit.
E. nepalensis; B, C habit; D infructescence with proximal green bracts and distal purplish bracts; E distal bracts deep purple on adaxial surface; F yellowish flowers with spathe; G longitudinally dissected fruit; H seeds.
photos: A Mitra Lal Pathak; B - H Gaurav Parmar.

Ensete nepalensis (Wall.) G.Parmar & Trias-Blasi, comb. nov.
Musa nepalensis Wall. in Roxb., Fl. Ind. 
(Carey & Wall. ed.), 2: 492 (Roxburgh 1824). 

VERNACULAR NAME. Ban kera (वन केरा) or Bhuin kera (भुइँ केरा) in Nepali language, while Gompoo kula (गोम्पो कुला) or Paaslaati maa (पासलाति मा) in Newari language.

USES. Its fruits are rarely consumed by the local people because of its numerous seeds, but its leaves are traditionally preferred as a plate in religious events by the Nagarkotis, a local Newari community. The plant is attractive, making it suitable for use as an ornamental plant.

Gaurav Parmar, Dipak Lamichhane, Hem Raj Paudel and Anna Trias-Blasi. 2023. Ensete nepalensis, A New Combination, Lectotypification and Recognition as A Distinct Species endemic to Nepal.  Kew Bulletin. DOI: 10.1007/s12225-023-10091-2