Sunday, February 20, 2022

[Ichthyology • 2022] Scomberoides pelagicus • A New Species of Queenfish (Carangiformes: Carangidae) from Indian Seas

 Scomberoides pelagicus Abdussamad, Retheesh & Gopalakrishnan, 

in Abdussamad, Gopalakrishnan, Mini, ... et Jacob, 2022

The study was carried out to ascertain whether morphotype of Scomberoides commersonnianus (Talang queenfish) existing along the Indian coast is a new species or not.

 Talang queenfish and the morphotype were tested for their uniqueness using systematic and molecular tools. The morphometric and meristic details including otolith morphometry were analysed and compared for taxonomic divergence and Cytochrome Oxidase I and Cytochrome b gene sequences for quantifying genetic divergences. 

The systematic analysis indicated significant morphometric differences between both. The otolith morphometry and phylogeny also confirmed the divergence between them, and qualified the morphotype as an independent species status and named Scomberoides pelagicus sp. nov.

 The new species is distinct by deep ovate body, concave dorsal head profile, anal fin origin anterior to second dorsal fin and pelvic to pectoral fin, helical arrangement of body scale and stout and less numerous gill rakers on the first gill arch. The phylogeny as on Cytochrome b and Cytochrome-Oxidase 1 sequences are very distinct, with 11.2% and 2.0% divergence respectively. Their known distributional range are peninsular region of Indian coast, Malaysian region of the South China Sea and Manila Bay, Philippines. 

Key words: Deep bodied queenfish, Genetic divergence, Otolith morphometry, Phylogeny, Scomberoides pelagicus, Talang queenfish

 Scomberoides pelagicus sp. nov. Abdussamad, Retheesh and Gopalakrishnan

E.M. Abdussamad, A. Gopalakrishnan, K.G. Mini, S. Sukumaran, P.R. Divya, T.B. Retheesh, A.A. Muhammed, N.V. Dipti, A.R. Akhil, T. Thomas and K.D. Jacob. 2022. Description of A New Species of Queenfish, Scomberoides pelagicus from Indian Seas. Journal of Environmental Biology. 43(1);105-114. DOI: 10.22438/jeb/43/1/MRN-1975