Monday, November 23, 2020

[Fungi • 2020] Roridomyces phyllostachydis • A New Bioluminescent Fungus (Agaricales, Mycenaceae) from Northeast India

Roridomyces phyllostachydis  

in Karunarathna, Mortimer, Tibpromma, Dutta, et al., 2020. 

An interesting bioluminescent fungus growing on dead bamboo stems was collected from bamboo forests in the East Khasi and West Jayantia Hills Districts of Meghalaya, Northeast India. Both morphological characteristics and phylogenetic analyses of nrITS and nrLSU regions showed that the bioluminescent fungus belongs to the genus Roridomyces and is a new species to science, as well as the first report of the genus, Roridomyces, in India. Full descriptions, colour photographs, phylogenetic trees to show the position of the novel bioluminescent taxon, and comparisons with its morphologically and phylogenetically similar species are provided.

Keywords: Mycenaceae, new species, Phyllostachys mannii, phylogenetic analyses, Fungi

Figure 1. Roridomyces phyllostachydis (MFLU19-2825, holotype).
a-e, g-k Different stages of fruiting bodies. b,d,e,g,h Bright luminous green light emitting stipes in the dark f bioluminescent mycelia on bamboo substrate.
(a-c) Photos: Stephen Axford.

Samantha C. Karunarathna, Peter E. Mortimer, Saowaluck Tibpromma, Arun Kumar Dutta, Soumitra Paloi, Yuwei Hu, Gautam Baurah, Stephen Axford, Catherine Marciniak, Thatsanee Luangharn, Sumedha Madawala , Chang Lin, Jun-Zhu Chen, Krishnendu Achary, Noppol Kobmoo, Milan C. Samarakoon, Anuruddha Karunarathna, Shuyi Gao, Jianchu Xu and Saisamorn Lumyong. 2020. Roridomyces phyllostachydis (Agaricales, Mycenaceae), A New Bioluminescent Fungus from Northeast India. Phytotaxa. 459(2); 155–167. DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.459.2.6
Mysterious new bioluminescent mushroom glows in the forests of Meghalaya

Scientists Discover New Luminous Fungus