Monday, August 21, 2017

[Ichthyology • 2017] Three New Species of Algae-scraping Cyprinid Genus Capoeta (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) from Tigris River Drainage in Iran

Capoeta ferdowsii,  C. pyragyi C. shajariani
Jouladeh-Roudbar, Eagderi, Murillo-Ramos, Ghanavi & Doadrio, 2017

Traditionally small-scale populations of Capoeta in the Tigris River drainage are identified as Capoeta damascina. The recent finding revealed that some populations of small-scaled C. damascina species group are not identified as any described species. We examined these populations and the results showed that there are pronounced differences between them in morphological and molecular characters. Therefore based on differences found, here we describe three new small-scaled Capoeta species from Zohreh, Tireh and Gamasiab Rivers, Tigris River drainage, Iran.

Keywords: Biodiversity, Cyprinid, Freshwater fish species, Iran, Taxonomy.

Figure 4. Capoeta ferdowsii, IMNRF-UT-1111 67, 138 mm SL; Iran: Fars Prov.: Bekr sofla village, Tang-e Shiv River, Tigris River drainage.
Figure 10. Capoeta pyragyi, IMNRF-UT-1109 134, 155.8 mm SL; Iran: Lorestan Prov.: Tire River, Sezar River drainage, Tigris river drainage.
Figure 15. Capoeta shajariani, IMNRF-UT-1106 49, 149 mm SL; Iran: Hamedan Prov.: Gamasiab River, Saad-e Vaghas Village, Tigris River drainage.

Capoeta ferdowsii, new species

Distribution: Capoeta ferdowsii is known from the Zohreh and Fahlian Rivers in Tigris river drainage (Fig. 7).
Etymology: The species is named to honor of Abu Al-Qasim Ferdowsi Tusi (Persian: وسمس ابوالقاسمفردوسیسمسر (a Persian poet and the author of Shahnameh book which is the world's longest epic poem created by a single poet, and the national epic of Greater Iran.

Capoeta pyragyi, new species

Distribution: Capoeta pyragyi is known from the Tireh and Sezar Rivers (Fig. 13).
Etymology: The species is named to honor of Magtymguly Pyragy (Persian: دواغس مختومقلس (a Turkmen spiritual leader and philosophical poet.

Capoeta shajariani, new species

Distribution: Capoeta shajariani is known from the Gamasiab (Fig. 20), Dinevar, Qarasu, Khoram (Khoram Abad), Aran and Sarab-e Maran Rivers in the Tigris River drainage.
Etymology: The species is named to honor of Mohammad-Reza Shajarian, an acclaimed Iranian classical singer, composer and master of Persian traditional music.

 Arash Jouladeh-Roudbar, Soheil Eagderi, Leidys Murillo-Ramos, Hamid Reza Ghanavi and Ignacio Doadrio. 2017. Three New Species of Algae-scraping Cyprinid from Tigris River Drainage in Iran (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). FishTaxa. 2(3); 134-155.