Thursday, July 2, 2020

[Botany • 2020] Lintersemina chucuriensis (Rubiaceae: Condamineeae) • A New and Enigmatic Genus from the Magdalena Medio Region of Colombia

Lintersemina chucuriensis H. Mendoza-Cifuentes, A. Celis & M.A. González

in Mendoza-Cifuentes, ... et González, 2020. 

A new genus, Lintersemina (Condamineeae, Rubiaceae), with a single species, L. chucuriensis is here described, based on recent collections made during a biological exploration to the Magdalena Medio Region of Santander Department, central portion of Colombia. This region is of high interest for both the high endemicity of its flora and fauna and the critical conservation status of this biodiversity due to high levels of deforestation. Lintersemina is unique within the tribe Condamineeae for the following combination of characters: axillary, long-pedunculate inflorescences, loculicidal capsules with 1-2 seeds per locule, and large navicular seeds. Based on phylogenies obtained using plastid and nuclear sequence data, the genus is positioned in the Condamineeae (subfamily Ixoroideae), as a sister group to the genera Simira and Parachimarrhis. This new genus is only known from two localities at the foothills of the Yariguíes National Park, in the municipalities of El Carmen de Chucurí and Zapatoca, at 400–800 m elevation, in forest undercanopy, near streams. Threats of deforestation and a very low population density were assessed, and this species classified as Critically Endangered (CR) following IUCN criteria. Full description and illustrations are also included.

Keywords: Conservation, flora of Colombia, Santander, Tropical humid Forest, Eudicots

FIGURE 3. Lintersemina chucuriensis.
A, Habit; B, Terminal stipule; C, Inflorescence; D, Bract; E, Apical flowering branch; F. floral bud; G, flower, side view; H, corolla, top view; I, flower, longitudinal section; J, Stamen; K, hypanthium and ovary, longitudinal section; L, hypanthium and ovary, horizontal section; M, fruit; N, Seeds.
Based on Mendoza et al. 20165. Drawn by Suaty Daniela Torres.

Lintersemina H. Mendoza-Cifuentes & A. Celis & M.A. González, gen. nov. 

Type species:— Lintersemina chucuriensis H. Mendoza-Cifuentes, A. Celis & M.A. González 

Diagnosis:— This new genus is unique within the tribe Condamineeae by the following combination of characters: axillary, long-pedunculate inflorescences, ovary with 1–2 ovules per locule, loculicidal capsules, and large, terete, navicular (boat-shaped) seeds. Treelet. Leaves opposite, decussate, petiolate; petioles slightly thickened at the base; blade venation brochidodromous, with secondary veins ascending and arcuate. Stipules interpetiolar, readily caducous, only found at apical buds and youngest nodes, with colleters in adaxial surface, resinous. Inflorescences axillary, subterminal, corymbose cymes, pedunculate, many-flowered; with two types of bracts, the basal ones subtending the inflorescence leaf-like, the distal ones triangular. Flowers hermaphroditic, protandrous, 5- or 6-merous, actinomorphic, pedicellate, erect. Calyx persistent in fruit. Corolla aestivation left-contorted. Stamens included; anthers opening by longitudinal slits. Ovary 2-locular, placentation axile, ovules 1 or 2 in each locule; style included, with two stigmatic branches. Fruit a loculicidal capsule. Seeds >1 cm long, terete, navicular, with membranaceous structures along the raphe. A monospecific genus, endemic to Magdalena Medio Region of Colombia, growing in tropical rainforest. 

Etymology:— The name of this genus refers to its navicular (boat-shaped) seeds. 

FIGURE 4. Lintersemina chucuriensis.
A, habit; B, flowering branch; C, flower, front view; D, fruits; E, leaf margin (from dry material); F, warty bodies on abaxial leaf surface (from dry material); G, Stipule, adaxial surface (from dry material).
Photos A, B, C, D by Angela Celis; E, F, G by Humberto Mendoza. From Mendoza et al. 20165.

Lintersemina chucuriensis H. Mendoza-Cifuentes, A. Celis & M.A. González, spec. nov.

Habitat:— Lintersemina chucuriensis grows in shady undercanopy of tropical forest, near streams (Figure 7). 

Distribution:— Lintersemina chucuriensis is known from two localities in the Santander Department, Colombia, between 400 and 800 m elevation, in the lower part of the western foothills of the Cordillera Oriental, area associated with the ecoregion known as the Magdalena Medio (Figure 6). The forest at the site comprises the last remains of lowland inter-Andean rainforests in the Colombian Magdalena River valley region, and its condition consists of fragments in the matrix of paddocks and cocoa crops; most of the trees valuable for timber have been harvested (Figure 7).

Humberto Mendoza-Cifuentes, Angela Celis, Eduardo Tovar, Mailyn A. González. 2020. Lintersemina (Rubiaceae: Condamineeae), A New and Enigmatic Genus from the Magdalena Medio Region of Colombia. Phytotaxa. 451(1); 1–20. DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.451.1.1

[Fungi • 2020] Amanita brunneofolia • A New Species and Two New Records of Amanita (Amanitaceae; Basidiomycota) from South Korea

Amanita brunneofolia J.W. Jo, H.S. Kim, Y.-N. Kwag & C.S. Kim

in Jo, Kwag, Kim, ... et Kim, 2020. 

A new species of Amanita sect. RoanokensesA. brunneofolia, from South Korea, is described based on morphological and molecular evidences. The species is characterized by medium- to large-sized basidiomata, a greenish white pileus covered with brownish, floccose pyramidal volval remnants, an appendiculate margin, reddish brown lamellae, a long radicating stipe, and ellipsoid to elongate amyloid basidiospores. Based on both nrLSU and combined dataset (nrLSU, rpb2 and tef1-α), A. brunneofolia formed a monophyletic clade and clearly separated from other Amanita species. In addition, we describe two other Amanita species in A. sect. Roanokenses, namely, A. caojizong and A. sphaerobulbosa. This is the first report of these species for South Korea.

Keywords: Amanitaceae, morphology, new taxon, phylogeny, taxonomy, Fungi

Amanita brunneofolia, KA19-0899-1.

Amanita brunneofolia J.W. Jo, H.S. Kim, Y.-N. Kwag & C.S. Kim, sp. nov.

Diagnosis:— Characterized by a yellowish white to greenish white pileus with brownish floccose pyramidal volval remnants; brownish lamellae; a long radicating stipe; a fragile and fugacious, greenish white partial veil; ellipsoid to elongate, amyloid basidiospores; clamps present in all parts of the basidioma. Associated with Quercus acutissima

Type:— SOUTH KOREA. Incheon-si: Ganghwa-gun, Ganghwa-eup, ..., elev. 163 m, under Quercus acutissima, 30 August 2019, JO 190315 (KA19-0899-1, holotype!), GenBank accession numbers: MT385144 (nrLSU), MT412397 (rpb2), MT412403 (tef1-α). 

Etymology:— brunneofolia’, from brunneus = brown, and folia = leaf, referring to the characteristic brown lamellae of the species.

Jong Won Jo, Young-Nam Kwag, Hyung So Kim, Hyun Lee, Sang-Kuk Han, Jae-Gu Han, Seung Hwan Oh and Chang Sun Kim. 2020. A New Species and Two New Records of Amanita (Amanitaceae; Basidiomycota) from South Korea. Phytotaxa. 451(1); 21–33. DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.451.1.2

[Herpetology • 2020] Tylototriton phukhaensis • A New Species of Tylototriton (Urodela: Salamandridae) from Nan Province, Northern Thailand

กระท่างน้ำดอยภูคา  ||  Tylototriton phukhaensis 
Pomchote, Khonsue, Thammachoti, Hernandez, Suwannapoom et Nishikawa

in Pomchote, Khonsue, ... et Nishikawa, 2020. 

A new species of the genus Tylototriton, obtained from Doi Phu Kha National Park, Nan Province, northern Thailand,is described based on molecular and morphological evidenceand named herein as Tylototriton phukhaensis sp. nov. The new speciesis morphologically distinct from thefour known Thai Tylototriton species(T. panhai, T. uyenoi, T. anguliceps and T. verrucosus),in having a prominent, narrow, and straight sagittal ridge on the head that distinguishes itfrom the other Thai species.The molecular analysis also indicated that the new species is a distinct lineage and sister to T. anguliceps and T. uyenoi.The knowledge obtained in this study will greatly contributeto conductingthe future conservation of Thai Tylototriton.

KEY WORDS: molecular phylogeny, morphology, new species, Thailand, Tylototriton

FIGURE 4. Male Tylototriton phukhaensis sp. nov. in its habitat.
Photo by Porrawee Pomchote. 

Tylototriton phukhaensis Pomchote, Khonsue, Thammachoti, Hernandez, Suwannapoom et Nishikawa sp. nov.

(Thai name: กระท่างน้ำดอยภูคา - Kra Tang Nam Doi Phu Kha)
(English name: Doi Phu Kha newt)

Tylototriton  errucosus: Nabhitabhata and Chan-ard (2005): 181.
Tylototriton uyenoi: Hernandez (2016): 168.

Diagnosis: The new species is placed in the genus Tylototriton by having the combination of dorsal  granules present; dorsolateral bony ridges on head present; knob-like warts (rib nodules) on dorsolateral body present; quadrate spine absent. Tylototriton  phukhaensis sp. nov. differs from  other congeners by having the following morphological characters: medium size, adult SVL 64.3 mm in male and 68.9–70.2 mm in females; skin rough with fine granules; sagittal ridge on head narrow, long, and distinct; vertebral ridge distinct and weakly segmented; rib nodules prominent; limbs long and thin;tips of forelimb and hindlimb overlapping when adpressed along body; tail thin.

Etymology: The specific epithet phukhaensisis derived from the name of Doi Phu Kha National Park, where the species occurs.

Distribution: The distribution of Tylototriton phukhaensis sp. currently only known from a single locality in atemporary  swamp in  the Doi Dong Ya  Wai  Mountain, Doi Phu Kha National Park,  Nan Province, northern Thailandat an elevation of 1,795 m  amsl (Fig. 7). The  Phu  Kha Mountain or Doi Phu Kha is one of the mountains located along the Luang Prabang Range that  consists of a series of high mountain ranges from Thailand to Laos (Fig.1). Thus, the range distribution of this species is expected to be wider.

Porrawee Pomchote, Wichase Khonsue, Panupong Thammachoti, Axel Hernandez, Parada Peerachidacho, Chatmongkon Suwannapoom, Yasuho Onishi and Kanto Nishikawa. 2020. A New Species of Tylototriton (Urodela: Salamandridae) from Nan Province, Northern Thailand. Tropical Natural History. 20(2); 144-161.

[Paleontology • 2020] Schleitheimia schutzi • A derived Sauropodiform Dinosaur and other Sauropodomorph Material from the Late Triassic of Canton Schaffhausen, Switzerland

Schleitheimia schutzi
Rauhut, Holwerda & Furrer, 2020

Illustration: Beat Scheffold

Although sauropodomorph dinosaurs have been known for a long time from the Late Triassic of central Europe, sauropodomorph diversity and faunal composition has remained controversial until today. Here we review sauropodomorph material from the Canton Schaffhausen, Switzerland. The material comes from three different but geographically close localities and represents at least three different taxa. Apart from the common genus Plateosaurus, the material includes remains of two different large, robustly built sauropodomorphs. One of these is described as a new taxon, Schleitheimia schutzi n. gen. et sp., on the basis of an unusual ilium and associated axial and appendicular material. Schleitheimia represents a derived basal sauropodiform and possibly the immediate outgroup to Sauropoda, and thus is the most derived sauropodomorph known from the Late Triassic of Europe. These results thus highlight the diversity of sauropodomorphs in the Late Triassic of central Europe and further indicate widespread sauropodomorph survival across the Triassic-Jurassic boundary.

Keywords: Late Triassic, Switzerland, Sauropodomorpha, Sauropod origins

Posterior cervical vertebra of Schleitheimia schutzi n. gen., n. sp., PIMUZ A/III 538. a, b left and right lateral views; c dorsal view; d anterior view; e posterior view; f ventral view.
aas, anterior articular surface; na, neural arch; ld, lateral depression; nc, neural canal; pap, parapophysis; vk, ventral keel; vlr, ventrolateral ridge. Scale bar equals 5 cm

Systematic palaeontology
Dinosauria OWEN, 1842.
Sauropodomorpha HUENE, 1932.
Sauropodiformes SERENO 2007 (sensu McPhee et al. 2014).

Schleitheimia n. gen.

Type species. Schleitheimia schutzi sp. nov.

Etymology. Genus name refers to the type locality at Schleitheim, Canton Schaffhausen, Switzerland.

Schleitheimia schutzi sp. nov.

Etymology. Species epithet honours the collector of the type material, Emil Schutz (1916–1974).

Holotype. PIMUZ A/III 550, partial right ilium.

Type locality and horizon. The type locality is Santierge (Fig. 1), a hill situated 900 m south of the church of Schleitheim in the Swiss Canton Schaffhausen (47° 44′ 30″ N, 8° 29′ 13″ S). The material, collected in the Bratelen Bonebed (“Rhät-Bonebed”), was most probably derived from the uppermost part of the ‚Zanclodonmergel‘(= Knollenmergel), now called Gruhalde Member of the Klettgau Formation, uppermost Norian (Jordan et al. 2016).

Diagnosis. The new taxon can be diagnosed by the following autapomorphies: medial brevis shelf of ilium developed as dorsoventrally broad, rounded ridge just below the mid-height of the iliac blade on the medial side that ends in a large, round expansion at the posterior end of the ilium; fourth trochanter of the femur very robust and arises gradually out of the posterior surface of the bone at about its mid-width towards its apex at the posteromedial margin; crista tibiofibularis of the femur exceptionally broad and only very slightly offset medially from the lateral margin of the shaft, so that no posteriorly facing shelf is present lateral to the crista.

Time-calibrated cladogram of basal sauropodomorph relationships (based on the unweighted analysis), showing the survival of numerous lineages (including sauropods) across the Triassic-Jurassic boundary

Fragmentary sauropodomorph remains from the probably Late Norian of Schaffhausen, Switzerland, that were long considered to represent the common central European genus Plateosaurus can be shown to represent a separate taxon of non-sauropodan sauropodomorphs, Schleitheimia schutzi. The recognition of this new taxon, together with an evaluation of other sauropodomorph material from the Late Triassic of Schaffhausen shows that at least three different basal sauropodomorph taxa were present in the Norian of Switzerland. Schleitheimia is a derived sauropodiform and might even represent the immediate outgroup to sauropods. In the context of a phylogenetic analysis, the new taxon indicates that the Triassic/Jurassic extinction event probably only had a minor effect on sauropodomorph evolution, and that the ascent of sauropods was delayed until the late Early Jurassic, when other basal sauropodomorph lineages perished in the Pliensbachian/Toarcian extinction event and gave way to an explosive radiation of that clade.

Oliver W. M. Rauhut, Femke M. Holwerda and Heinz Furrer. 2020. A derived Sauropodiform Dinosaur and other Sauropodomorph Material from the Late Triassic of Canton Schaffhausen, Switzerland.  Swiss Journal of Geosciences [Swiss J Geosci]113, 8.  DOI: 10.1186/s00015-020-00360-8

Wednesday, July 1, 2020

[Herpetology • 2020] A Revision of the Asian Tree Toad Complex Rentapia hosii (Anura: Bufonidae) with the Description of, Rentapia flavomaculata, A New Species from Peninsular Malaysia

คางคกต้นไม้ ||  Rentapia flavomaculata
 Chan, Abraham & Badli-Sham, 2020

Distribution of samples used in this study. Inset photographs depict the distinct phenotypes present within the Rentapia hosii complex:  Rentapia flavomaculata, new species, from Peninsular Malaysia; R. hosii s.s. from Sarawak (Photo by Alexander Haas); R. cf. hosii from Tawau, Sabah (Photo by Robert F. Inger).

 We present a systematic revision of the Rentapia hosii complex based on morphological and bioacoustic data. In conjunction with genetic data from a previous study, our results show that populations from Peninsular Malaysia are distinct from the name-bearing population of R. hosii from Sarawak in terms of morphometrics, colour-pattern, and to a lesser degree, male advertisement call. Therefore, we describe the Peninsular Malaysian populations as a new species (Rentapia flavomaculata, new species) and provide a discussion on morphological variation among Bornean populations. 

Key words. bioacoustics, integrative taxonomy, morphology, systematics

Fig. 1. Distribution of samples used in this study. Inset photographs depict the distinct phenotypes present within the Rentapia hosii complex [Photo credit: Alexander Haas (Sarawak); Robert F. Inger (Sabah) ©Field Museum of Natural History]. FMNH 248199. Created by Field Museum of Natural History, Amphibian and Reptile Collection and licensed under CC-BY-SA 4.0.

 amplecting Rentapia flavomaculata, new species, displaying (A) normal and (B) stressed colouration.

Rentapia flavomaculata, new species
Yellow-spotted Tree Toad
Nectophryne hosii Boulenger, 1892: 508.
Pedostibes hosii Barbour, 1938: 192.
Rentapia hosii Chan et al., 2016: 9.

Diagnosis. Rentapia flavomaculata, new species, can be differentiated from other congeners by the following combination of characters: adult females large (up to 105 mm SVL); dorsum relatively smooth; no distinct tubercles on dorsal aspect of nuchal region; in life, dorsal colour light green, ventral colour greyish-green; bright yellow spots on back, side of head, flanks, dorsal surface of limbs, gular, ventrolateral region, and chest; spots absent on top of head and sparser (sometimes absent) on back. In males, dorsal colouration uniform brown to reddish-brown with no distinct markings; venter light grey with no distinct markings; gular sac blackish; nuptial pad present on dorsal surface of thumb; single, internal subgular vocal sac.

Distribution. Rentapia flavomaculata, new species, is confirmed to occur throughout Peninsular Malaysia and southern Thailand (south of the Isthmus of Kra).

Natural history. All species in the Rentapia hosii group are typically arboreal and occur in lowland forests from 20–525 m a.s.l. (Inger, 1966). Females are encountered much less frequently than males and are usually observed during breeding, where they descend from treetops to breed in pools of water along small to moderately sized forest streams. Females have been observed perched on branches up to 25 m above ground in the forest canopy near fast-flowing rivers. Males call from elevated perches and multiple individuals can usually be heard along a single stretch of stream. In females, base colour changes relatively rapidly from light green to dark grey when handled, stressed, and preserved (Fig. 7A, B). Males can change from light to a darker shade of brown.

Etymology. The specific epithet is constructed from the Latin adjectives flavo (= yellow) and maculata (= spotted) in reference to the species’ diagnostic yellow spots.

Fig. 7. Live photographs of: amplecting Rentapia flavomaculata, new species, displaying (A) normal and (B) stressed colouration;
(C) female R. hosii s.s. from Sarawak (Photo by Alexander Haas);
(D) female R. cf. hosii from Tawau, Sabah (Photo by Robert F. Inger; ©Field Museum of Natural History. FMNH 248199. Created by Field Museum of Natural History, Amphibian and Reptile Collection and licensed under CC-BY-SA 4.0); and (E) uncollected female from Tawau, Sabah (Photo by A. Haas).

Kin Onn Chan, Robin K. Abraham and Baizul Hafsyam Badli-Sham. 2020. A Revision of the Asian Tree Toad Complex Rentapia hosii (Anura: Bufonidae) with the Description of A New Species from Peninsular Malaysia. RAFFLES BULLETIN OF ZOOLOGY. 68; 595–607.  

[Ichthyology • 2020] Systematic Reappraisal of the Anti-equatorial Fish Genus Microcanthus Swainson (Teleostei: Microcanthidae), with Redescription and Resurrection of Microcanthus joyceae Whitley

Microcanthus joyceae Whitley, 1931

in Tea & Gill, 2020

The taxonomy and classification of the microcanthid fish genus Microcanthus Swainson has been a subject of contention dating back to the 19th century. Its allopatric, disjunct anti-equatorial distribution across the Indo-West Pacific has resulted in the recognition of several nominal taxa, though these have been widely regarded as synonyms of Microcanthus strigatus (Cuvier). Following the results published in a companion study elsewhere by the authors, the taxonomy of Microcanthus and the validity of these nominal synonyms are herewith revised. Microcanthus strigatus is redescribed on the basis of 66 specimens from East Asia, Hawaii and Western Australia, and M. joyceae is resurrected and redescribed on the basis of 25 specimens from eastern Australia and the southwest Pacific. Microcanthus differs from other microcanthid genera in having the following combination of characters: dorsal-fin rays XI,15–17 (usually XI,16); anal-fin rays III,13–15 (usually III,14); pectoral-fin rays 15–17 (usually 16); scales ctenoid with ctenial bases present; lateral-line scales partially or heavily obscured by adjacent scales; and body pale in preservation with five horizontal dark stripes reaching the posterior edges of dorsal and anal fins, and base of caudal fin. The review is accompanied by a key to the genera of Microcanthidae.

Keywords: Pisces, taxonomy, ichthyology, cryptic species, anti-tropical, stripey

FIGURE 2. Genera of Microcanthidae. Tilodon and Neatypus are monotypic.
A) Tilodon sexfasciatusin situ photograph from Blairgowrie, Victoria, Australia; B) Neatypus obliquusin situ photograph from Bunbury, Western Australia;
C) Microcanthus joyceaein situ photograph from Magic Point, Maroubra, New South Wales, Australia; and D) Atypichthys strigatusin situ photograph from Henry Head, Botany Bay, New South Wales, Australia.
Photographs by S. Schulz (A), C. Mark (B), and E. Schlogl (C & D).

Microcanthus Swainson

Etymology. The generic epithet Microcanthus is a combination of the Greek “mikros” for small, and “akantha” for thorn, alluding to the minute crenulations on the preopercle (Swainson 1839). 

Microcanthus strigatus (Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831)

Etymology. The specific epithet strigatus is the Latin for strigate, in having transverse bands or streaks of colour. 

FIGURE 9. Microcanthus joyceae, in situ photograph from Shelly Beach, Manly, New South Wales, Australia. Note the anal-fin stripe without a downward inflection, and the lack of spots on the lower abdomen. Photograph by E. Schlogl.

Microcanthus joyceae Whitley (1931) 

Etymology. The species is named after Joyce K. Allan, who provided Whitley with illustrations of this species for his original description. To be treated as a noun in the genitive case. While Whitley did not provide a common name in his description, he alluded to its vernacular name, the “Stripey,” commonly used by locals in New South Wales, Australia. Since the use of this name is pervasive throughout the region, we choose to retain it in part as the common name, proposing the usage of “East-Australian Stripey” instead to distinguish M. joyceae from M. strigatus.

  Yi-Kai Tea and Anthony C. Gill. 2020. Systematic Reappraisal of the Anti-equatorial Fish Genus Microcanthus Swainson (Teleostei: Microcanthidae), with Redescription and Resurrection of Microcanthus joyceae Whitley. Zootaxa. 4802(1); 41–60. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4802.1.3

[Entomology • 2020] Rhachiella malawica from Malawi • Another Beauty of the Afrotropics (Neuroptera: Rhachiberothidae)

 Rhachiella malawica
Aspöck, Aspöck, Johnson, Donga & Duelli, 2020


A new species and a new genus of Rhachiberothidae, Rhachiella malawica gen. nov., spec. nov., are described from Malawi. The new species is characterized by a flat vertex, a long penisfilum in the male, and by a bifurcate pseudohypocauda in the female. This combination of characters requires the description of a new genus, which is the sister taxon of Mucroberotha Tjeder, 1959. This is the first record of Rhachiberothidae in Malawi.

 The distributions of all 14 species of Rhachiberothidae so far known are shown in three maps.

Keywords: Neuroptera, Neuropterida, Thorny Lacewings, taxonomy, distribution

 Rhachiella malawica spec. nov., paratype, female, habitus - Length of forewing 7 mm.
(photo: Thomas Reich, WSL Birmensdorf, Switzerland). 

Genus Rhachiella gen. nov.

 Rhachiella malawica spec. nov. 

Etymology: Rhachiella is derived from Rhachiberotha. It has feminine gender; malawica is an adjective derived from the country where the species has been discovered.

 Ulrike Aspöck, Horst Aspöck, James B. Johnson, Trust Kasambala Donga and Peter Duelli. 2020. Rhachiella malawica gen. nov., spec. nov. from Malawi— Another Beauty of the Afrotropics (Neuroptera: Rhachiberothidae). Zootaxa. 4808(1); 131–140. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4808.1.7

[Entomology • 2020] Cymothales massaronei • A New Cymothales Gerstaecker (Neuroptera Myrmeleontidae) from the Gabonese Rainforest

Cymothales massaronei 
 Badano, 2020

Nine species of Cymothales, one of the most characteristic African antlion genera, are known from the Guineo-Congolian rainforests. A new species, Cymothales massaronei sp. nov. is described here from Gabon. Cymothales massaronei sp. nov. is characterized by the fifth tarsomere equal in length to the first tarsomere, but differs from all of the congeners with this character in the shape and markings of wings, shape of antenna and body pattern.

Keywords: Neuroptera, Neuropterida, Myrmeleontiformia, antlion, Afrotropical Region, Guineo-Congolian forests, Gabon

Myrmeleontidae Latreille, 1802
Dendroleontinae Banks, 1899

Dendroleontini Banks, 1899

Cymothales Gerstaecker, 1893

FIGURE 1. Cymothales massaronei sp. nov., holotype. A: habitus.
Scale bars, A: 10 mm.

FIGURE 1. Cymothales massaronei sp. nov., holotype.
B: head and thorax lateral view. C: head and pronotum, dorsal view. D: head, frontal view.

Scale bars, B: 2 mm, C–D: 1 mm.

Cymothales massaronei sp. nov.  

Etymology. The new species is named in honor of its collector, Carlo Massarone, who brought it to the attention of the author, as a sign of friendship.

Davide Badano. 2020. A New Cymothales Gerstaecker from the Gabonese Rainforest (Neuroptera Myrmeleontidae). Zootaxa. 4803(2); 345–354.  DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4803.2.6 

Tuesday, June 30, 2020

[Entomology • 2020] Toleria vietnamica • A New Species of the Genus Toleria Walker, 1865 [“1864”] (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae) from Vietnam, with A Catalogue of Asian Cissuvorini

Toleria vietnamica
Gorbunov & Arita, 2020

A new clearwing moth species, Toleria vietnamica sp. nov. from Ba Bể National Park, Bẳc Kan Province, North Vietnam is described and illustrated. An annotated catalogue of Asian members of the tribe Cissuvorini is added to this paper. The catalogue contains the following information: the references to the original descriptions, information on name-bearing types, complete bibliographies of the presented taxa, distribution and available data on host plants. The type series of the new species is deposited in the collection of National Museum of Nature and Science, Tsukuba (formerly Natural Science Museum Tokyo).

Keywords: Lepidoptera, clearwing moths, distribution, host plant, systematic, taxonomy

Female (holotype) of Toleria vietnamica sp. nov.
 upside. Sesiidae picture № 0159–2018. Alar expanse 29.0 mm

Toleria vietnamica sp. nov.

Etymology. This new species is named after Vietnam, the terra typica.

Oleg G. Gorbunov and Yutaka Arita. 2020. A New Species of the Genus Toleria Walker, 1865 [“1864”] from Vietnam, with A Catalogue of Asian Cissuvorini (Lepidoptera: Sesiidae). Zootaxa. 4802(2); 349–360. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4802.2.8

[Crustacea • 2020] Richerius marqueti • A New Freshwater Crab of the Family Hymenosomatidae MacLeay, 1838 (Decapoda, Brachyura) and An Updated Review of the Hymenosomatid Fauna of New Caledonia

Richerius marqueti 
Guinot & Mazancourt, 2020

A new genus and species, Richerius marqueti gen. et sp. nov., of a crab of the family Hymenosomatidae MacLeay, 1838 are described from the inland waters of New Caledonia based on several specimens collected in two streams at altitudes of 180 m and 500 m, respectively. Richerius marqueti gen. et sp. nov. was compared to the other freshwater species known in New Caledonia, Odiomaris pilosus (A. Milne-Edwards, 1873), and to species of Amarinus Lucas, 1980, a genus comprising many freshwater species in New Zealand, Australia, Indonesia, the Philippines, and Papua New Guinea, but never recorded in New Caledonia. The barcode fragment of the COI mitochondrial gene was sequenced for seven specimens of R. marqueti gen. et sp. nov., and all sequences were deposited in GenBank. A brief and updated review of the New Caledonian marine and freshwater hymenosmatid fauna is provided.

Keywords: Richerius marqueti; new genus; new species; New Caledonia; COI

Fig. 5. Richerius marqueti gen. et sp. nov., holotype, ♂, New Caledonia, South Province, Pouéo River, tributary of the Néra, Bouïrou village, Bourail township, 180 m a.s.l., Valentin de Mazancourt and Gérard Marquet leg., 28 Sep. 2016, 4.9 × 5.0 mm (MNHN-IU-2014-21500).
A. Type locality, stream where several specimens of the species were collected. B–D. Views of the holotype in vivo: dorsal (B), ventral (C) and frontal (D).

Infraorder Brachyura Latreille, 1802
Subsection Heterotremata Guinot, 1977

Superfamily Hymenosomatoidea MacLeay, 1838
Family Hymenosomatidae MacLeay, 1838
Subfamily Odiomarinae Guinot, 2011

Genus Richerius gen. nov.

Diagnosis: Carapace circular to oval, width only slightly exceeding length; dorsal carapace surface not strongly outlined by grooves; only gastrocardiac and thoracic grooves well defi ned, not reaching antero- and posterolateral margins; carapace rim continuous across behind rostrum. Rostrum broadly rounded, spade-shaped, slightly defl exed but not ending in narrow triangular tip extending between antennules. Proepistome represented by ventral expansion of rostrum (and not rostrum itself). Antennules obliquely folded along hollowed ventral parts of rostrum, entirely hidden dorsally. Antennae well separated from antennules, at least at their bases; urinary article at level of moderately developed epistome. Proepistome represented by ventral expansion of rostrum (and not rostrum itself). Lower orbital margin with one conspicuous knob, not visible dorsally. Mxp3 gaping at level of ischion/merus junction; merus and ischium broad, short, about subequal.


Etymology: The genus name is in honour of Bertrand Richer de Forges for his lifetime commitment to carcinology, especially of New Caledonia, for having always been an excellent and untiring researcher, and for his friendship. 

Richerius marqueti gen. et sp. nov.

Etymology: The species name is in honour of Gérard Marquet, who made extensive collections of freshwater crustaceans for more than 30 years in the Indo-Pacific islands and in particular in New Caledonia where he collected the new species here described, for his friendship and his constant enthusiasm in the field as well as in the laboratory.

Danièle Guinot and Valentin de Mazancourt. 2020. A New Freshwater Crab of the Family Hymenosomatidae MacLeay, 1838 (Crustacea, Decapoda, Brachyura) and An Updated Review of the Hymenosomatid Fauna of New Caledonia. European Journal of Taxonomy. 671; 1-29. DOI: 10.5852/ejt.2020.671

[Crustacea • 2020] Lacunicambarus mobilensis & L. freudensteini • Two New Species of Burrowing Crayfish in the Genus Lacunicambarus (Decapoda: Cambaridae) from Alabama and Mississippi

 Lacunicambarus mobilensis 
Glon, Adams, Loughman, Myers, Taylor & Schuster. 2020

While sampling for the Rusty Gravedigger, Lacunicambarus miltus, Taylor et al. (2011) found one or more potentially undescribed burrowing crayfish species in the genus Lacunicambarus inhabiting the area between the Pascagoula River and Mobile Bay in southern Alabama and Mississippi. Molecular analyses by Glon et al. (2018) confirmed that samples from this area were genetically distinct from other Lacunicambarus crayfishes. These findings prompted a dedicated sampling trip in January 2020. We used morphological and molecular analyses to investigate the specimens we collected and, based on our results, we describe two new crayfish species: the Lonesome Gravedigger, L. mobilensis sp. nov. and the Banded Mudbug, L. freudensteini sp. nov. Lacunicambarus mobilensis sp. nov. is sister to the Rusty Gravedigger, L. miltus, while L. freudensteini sp. nov. is sister to the Painted Devil Crayfish, L. ludovicianus. Both new species are currently known from a small number of sites in southern Alabama and Mississippi and may require conservation attention. In addition, we provide an updated key to Lacunicambarus crayfishes that includes these new species.

Keywords: Crustacea, miltus, ludovicianus, mobilensis, freudensteini, painted, devil, crayfish, rusty, lonesome, gravedigger, banded, mudbug, taxonomy, systematics

Lacunicambarus mobilensis sp. nov. 

Mael G. Glon, Susan B. Adams, Zachary J. Loughman, Greg A. Myers, Christopher A. Taylor and Guenter A. Schuster. 2020. Two New Species of Burrowing Crayfish in the Genus Lacunicambarus (Decapoda: Cambaridae) from Alabama and Mississippi. Zootaxa. 4802(3); 401–439. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4802.3.1

Researchers Discover Two New Crayfish Species in Alabama and Mississippi

Monday, June 29, 2020

[Herpetology • 2020] Liolaemus qalaywa • An Endemic New Species of Andean Lizard of the Genus Liolaemus(Iguania: Liolaemidae) from southern Peru and Its Phylogenetic Position

Liolaemus qalaywa
Chaparro, Quiroz, Mamani, Gutiérrez, Condori, Riva, Herrera-Juárez, Cerdeña, Arapa & Abdala, 2020

 Amphibian & Reptile Conservation. 14(2)

Integrative evidence of several external morphological characters and molecular phylogenetic analyses of mitochondrial DNA (12S, cyt-b) are used to place a new species of Andean lizard of the genus Liolaemus (Iguania: Liolaemidae) in the Liolaemus montanus group and as sister group of the clade formed by L. signifer. The new species is characterized by a unique combination of morphometric characteristics, scalation, and color pattern. The L. montanus group now contains seventeen species in southern Peru, distributed along the eastern and western slopes of the Andes. 

Keywords: Andes, Apurimac, Eulaemus, Puna, reptile, systematics, taxonomy

Liolaemus qalaywa sp. nov. 

Diagnosis. We assign L. qalaywa sp. nov. to the L. montanus group because it presents a blade-like process on the tibia, associated with the hypertrophy of the tibial muscle tibialis anterior (Abdala et al. 2019b; Etheridge 1995) and based on molecular phylogeny (Fig. 1). The species of the L. montanus group differ from those of the L. boulengeri group by the complete absence of patches of enlarged scales in the posterior part of the thigh (Abdala 2007). Compared to the species of the L. montanus group, L. qalaywa sp. nov. is a robust lizard differing by its larger size (max SVL = 96.06 mm) from L. andinus, L. audituvelatus, L. balagueri, L. cazianiae, L. chiribaya, L. duellmani, L. eleodori, L. erguetae, L. erroneus, L. etheridgei, L. evaristoi, L. fabiani, L. famatinae, L. fttkaui, L. foxi, L. gracielae

Etymology. The specifc epithet Qalaywa, refers to the Quechua word for the Liolaemus lizards from the high Peruvian Andes. 

Juan C. Chaparro, Aarón J. Quiroz, Luis Mamani, Roberto C. Gutiérrez, Peter Condori, Ignacio De la Riva, Gabriela Herrera-Juárez, José Cerdeña, Luis P. Arapa and Cristian S. Abdala. 2020. An Endemic New Species of Andean Lizard of the Genus Liolaemus from southern Peru (Iguania: Liolaemidae) and Its Phylogenetic Position. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation. 14(2); 47–63.  

 Resumen.— Utilizamos evidencia integradora de varios caracteres morfológicos externos y análisis flogenéticos moleculares de ADN mitocondrial (12S, cyt-b) que ubican una nueva especie del género Liolaemus (Iguania: Liolaemidae) en el grupo de Liolaemus montanus y como grupo hermano del clado formado por L. signifer. La nueva especie se caracteriza por una combinación única de patrón morfométrico, escamación y color. El grupo montanus del género Liolaemus en Perú contiene diecisiete especies, distribuidas a lo largo de la vertiente oriental y occidental de los Andes en el sur del país. 
Palabras clave. Andes, Apurímac, Eulaemus, Puna, reptiles, sistemática, taxonomía

[Crustacea • 2020] New Records of Decapod Crustaceans (Malacostraca: Decapoda) from Kuwait

Polyonyx obesulus Miers, 1884

in Al-Kandari, Anker, Hussain, et al., 2020. 

Seventeen species of shrimp-like decapod crustaceans (infraorders Caridea, Axiidea and Gebiidea) and two species of porcelain crabs (infraorder Anomura) are recorded for the first time from Kuwait, some of them also representing new records for the Arabian Gulf. The new records from Kuwait are: (1) Alpheus edamensis De Man, 1888; (2) Alpheus edwardsii (Audouin, 1826); (3) Alpheus macrodactylus Ortmann, 1890; (4) Alpheus maindroni Coutière, 1898; (5) Arete indicus Coutière, 1903; (6) Athanas parvus De Man, 1910; (7) Synalpheus gracilirostris De Man, 1910 [all Alpheidae]; (8) Latreutes mucronatus (Stimpson, 1860) [Hippolytidae]; (9) Thor paschalis (Heller, 1862) [Thoridae] (10) Periclimenella pettithouarsii (Audouin, 1826); (11) Anchistus custos (Forskål, 1775); (12) Urocaridella pulchella Yokes & Galil, 2006 [all Palaemonidae]; (13) Chlorocurtis jactans (Nobili, 1904) [Chlorotocellidae]; (14) Upogebia carinicauda (Stimpson, 1860); (15) Upogebia octoceras Nobili, 1904 [Upogebiidae]; (16) Balsscallichirus masoomi (Tirmizi, 1970), (17) Michaelcallianassa indica Sakai, 2002 [Callianassidae]; (18) Raphidopus persicus Ng, Safaie & Naser, 2012 and Polyonyx obesulus Miers, 1884 [Porcellanidae]. Most of these taxa have been previously recorded from other parts of the Arabian Gulf, mainly from the coasts of Iran and the United Arab Emirates, except for A. maindroni and U. pulchella, which are recorded from the Arabian Gulf for the first time. Most species are shown in colour photographs, some for the first time. In addition, the presence of Synalpheus quinquedens Tattersall, 1921 (Alpheidae), previously known from Kuwait based only on a questionable record in a popular field guide, is confirmed based on a single collected and preserved specimen.

Keywords: Crustacea, Caridea, Gebiidea, Axiidea, Porcellanidae, shrimp, ghost shrimp, mud shrimp, porcelain crab, new records, Kuwait, Arabian Gulf, Indian Ocean

Polyonyx obesulus Miers, 1884 (MNHN-IU-2019-3186):
male from Failaka Island, Kuwait, with partly opened host sponge.

Photograph by A. Anker. 

Manal Al-Kandari, Arthur Anker, Sumaiah Hussain, Zainab Sattari and Sammy De Grave. 2020. New Records of Decapod Crustaceans from Kuwait (Malacostraca: Decapoda). Zootaxa. 4803(2); 251–280. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4803.2.2

[Herpetology • 2020] An Enigma No More: An Integrated Taxonomic Revision of Aenigmetopia Malloch (Diptera: Sarcophagidae: Miltogramminae) reveals Novel Phylogenetic Placement and Four New Species

Aenigmetopia sp.
Johnston, Wallman, Szpila & Pape, 2020.

Aenigmetopia Malloch is the only endemic genus of miltogrammine flesh flies (Diptera : Sarcophagidae) in Australia and, until now it has been known from a single species, A. fergusoni Malloch. This study constitutes the first comprehensive taxonomic revision of Aenigmetopia. Four new species, Aenigmetopia amissa, sp. nov., A. corona, sp. nov., A. kryptos, sp. nov. and A. pagoni, sp. nov., are described through the integration of molecular and morphological data and characters for genus- and species-level diagnoses are given. Aenigmetopia is included in a molecular phylogenetic analysis for the first time and the genus emerges as the sister taxon to Metopia Meigen, in agreement with morphological evidence.

Keywords: DNA barcoding, flesh flies, phylogenetics.

Nikolas P. Johnston, James F. Wallman, Krzysztof Szpila and Thomas Pape. 2020. An Enigma No More: An Integrated Taxonomic Revision of Aenigmetopia Malloch reveals Novel Phylogenetic Placement and Four New Species (Diptera : Sarcophagidae : Miltogramminae). Invertebrate Systematics. 34(5); 519-534. DOI: 10.1071/IS19051