Monday, June 25, 2018

[Botany • 2017] Primulina wuae (Gesneriaceae) • A New Species from southern China


Primulina wuae Wen & L.F.Fu

in Xin, Hong, Fu & Wen, 2017.

Abstract: 
A new species, Primulina wuae F.Wen & L.F.Fu (Gesneriaceae), is described from the southern part of China. This new species is most similar to Primulina pseudoroseoalba Jian Li et al., P. roseoalba (W.T.Wang) Mich.Möller & A.Weber, P. subrhomboidea (W.T.Wang) Yin Z.Wang and P. beiliuensis B.Pan & S.X.Huang var. fimbribracteata F.Wen & B.D.Lai, but differs from these in characters such as the size and indumentum of the bracts, the indumentum of the pedicels and anthers, the length of the pistils etc. A provisional conservation assessment is also provided.

Keywords. Critically endangered, IUCN conservation assessment, limestone flora, new taxon, Primulina pseudoroseoalba

Fig. 1. Primulina wuae F.Wen & L.F.Fu.
A. Habitat. B. Habit in flower. C. The plant in flower in cultivation. D. Top view of corolla and calyx. E. Lateral view of corolla, calyx and cyme. F. Frontal view of corolla with the detail of stigma in inset
A–B, D–K from the type collection, C from cultivation. (Photos: F. Wen)

 Primulina wuae F.Wen & L.F.Fu sp. nov.

Etymology. The new species is named after Ms Xiang-Hong Wu, who first discovered and collected this rare species and who accompanied us on a number of subsequent field expeditions in Quanzhou, Guangxi. 

S. Li, Z.B. Xin, X. Hong, L.F. Fu and F. Wen. 2017. Primulina wuae (Gesneriaceae), A New Species from southern China. Gardens' Bulletin Singapore. 69(2);   307 - 313. 


[Ichthyology • 2017] Schistura larketensis • A New Cavernicolous Fish (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae) from Meghalaya, Northeast India


Schistura larketensis
Choudhury, Mukhim, Basumatary, Warbah & Sarma, 2017


Abstract
Schistura larketensis, a new species of cavernicolous loach, is described from Khung, a limestone cave in Meghalaya, India. The species differs from Schistura papulifera, its only troglomorphic congener from northeast India, in having a smooth ventral surface of the head, the presence of a small cylindrical axillary pelvic lobe, and the presence of three pores in the supratemporal canal of the cephalic lateral-line system. Apart from these differences, the species can be immediately distinguished from all other species of Schistura from the Brahmaputra River and neighboring basins by the complete absence (or only vestigial presence) of eyes.

Keywords: Pisces, cavefish, new species, Krem Khung, Krem Synrang Pamiang


FIGURE 2. Live colouration of Schistura larketensis, GUMF uncat, about 52 mm SL; India: Meghalaya: Krem Khung.

Schistura larketensis, new species

Etymology. The species name is derived from the ‘Larket’ village, the locality of Krem Khung. This name is proposed so as to encourage the village to take up biodiversity conservation as it is already in the process of constituting a Biodiversity Management Committee under the Indian Biodiversity Act.

Habitat. The new species was collected from a small stagnant pool a few square meters in area and about 1 m in depth, located in a wet passage some 500 m from the main entrance of Krem Khung. The pool bed is mostly sandy with scattered pebbles (Fig. 5). The water was clear, pH 8.6, and a very low D.O. of 1.1 ppm when analyzed in the month of April 2015. No other macrofauna were recorded inside the cave except weakly-pigmented crabs and crayfish, crickets, cockroaches and millipedes.

Distribution. ...., East Jaintia Hills District, Meghalaya, India.

FIGURE 5. Photograph showing water pool in Krem Khung, the habitat of Schistura larketensis.


Hrishikesh Choudhury, D. Khlur B. Mukhim, Sudem Basumatary, Deisakee P Warbah and Dandadhar Sarma. 2017. Schistura larketensis, A New Cavernicolous Fish (Teleostei: Nemacheilidae) from Meghalaya, Northeast India. Zootaxa. 4353(1); 89-100. DOI:  10.11646/zootaxa.4353.1.5

A new species of blind cave-dwelling fish in Meghalaya  india.mongabay.com/2018/01/10/a-new-species-of-blind-cave-dwelling-fish-in-meghalaya/ via @Mongabay
গুবাহাটী বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ৰ বিজ্ঞানীয়ে আৱিষ্কাৰ কৰিলে নতুন প্ৰজাতিৰ মাছ:  assam.nenow.in/গুবাহাটী-বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়ৰ/



[Arachnida • 2018] Annotated Checklist of Gonyleptoidea (Opiliones: Laniatores) Associated with Brazilian Caves


Giupponia chagasi Pérez & Kury, 2002

in Ázara & Ferreira, 2018.

Abstract  
In Brazil, the order Opiliones has been well studied, making this country the leader in research with the group, but few extensive works have been made on the distribution of harvestmen associated with caves. In this context, the present paper aims to list all records of the superfamily Gonyleptoidea associated with Brazilian caves, using records from the literature and unreported data from scientific collections. The compiled checklist contains the largest number of harvestmen species recorded for caves in one country, worldwide. A total of 155 species belonging to 7 families were recorded from 952 caves throughout 152 municipalities and 17 states of Brazil. A considerable number of 46 putative (undescribed) new species were recognized, including 9 troglomorphic species. Additionally, 161 new municipal records where found for 58 known species. The most diverse family was Gonyleptidae (104 spp.), with the subfamilies Pachylinae (55 spp.), followed by Goniosomatinae (18 spp.) and Mitobatinae (16 spp.). The number of described species analysed in the present work represents about 12% of the Brazilian opiliofauna of Gonyleptoidea, with many species widely distributed, being indicative of affinity of the group with the cave environments. Thus, the compilation of distribution data of such species (mainly the troglobitic and troglomorphic) can directly contribute to a higher valuation of their habitats, leading to better preservation policies, as well as being useful for future ecological and biogeographical studies.

 Keywords: Opiliones, Harvestmen, species list, caves, distribution, Brazil




Ludson Neves De Ázara and Rodrigo Lopes Ferreira. 2018. Annotated Checklist of Gonyleptoidea (Opiliones: Laniatores) Associated with Brazilian Caves. Zootaxa. 4439(1); 1–107. DOI:  10.11646/zootaxa.4439.1.1
Pérez-González, A. and Kury, A.B. 2002. A new remarkable troglomorph gonyleptid from Brazil (Arachnida, Opiliones). Revista Ibérica de Aracnología. 5, 43–50.  museunacional.ufrj.br/mndi/Aracnologia/aracnopdfs/043050A%20new%20genus%20gonyleptid.pdf

[Fungi • 2018] Lamprospora sylvatica (Pyronemataceae) • A New Bryophilous Ascomycete on Dicranum montanum


Lamprospora sylvatica Egertová & Eckstein

in Egertová,  Eckstein, Sochor & Vega, 2018.

Abstract

Lamprospora sylvatica is described as a new species based on finds from Ukraine, Slovakia, Germany and Norway. It is characterised by the combination of the following features: pinkish, orange to reddish-orange apothecia with a fimbriate margin, globose ascospores with more or less regular areolate ornamentation, infecting strong rhizoids of Dicranum montanum with an infectious structure consisting of a one-celled appressorium surrounded by a multi-layered cluster of thick-walled cells and haustorium within the rhizoids. The apothecia were always found on rotten wood, which is an unusual habitat for hosts of bryophilous Pezizales. The new species is compared to similar taxa morphologically and by means of DNA sequencing. In the phylogenetic analysis based on LSU and ITS regions, L. sylvatica forms a well-supported clade close to L. feurichiana (on Ceratodon purpureus), L. kristiansenii (also on C. purpureus) and L. campylopodis (on Campylopus spp.).

Keywords: Ascomycota, bryosymbiotic fungi, haustoria within rhizoids, Hainich National Park, Malá Fatra National Park, Fungi


FIGURE 1. Lamprospora sylvatica  (B Eckstein-43421). apothecia between shoots of Dicranum montanum.

Scale bar: b = 1 mm. Photo: J. Eckstein.

Lamprospora sylvatica Egertová & Eckstein, sp. nov.

Etymology:— The specific epithet reflects the occurrence in forests. 


Zuzana Egertová, Jan Eckstein,  Michal Sochor and Marcel Vega. 2018. Lamprospora sylvatica (Pyronemataceae), A New Bryophilous Ascomycete on Dicranum montanum. Phytotaxa.  357(1).1; 17–29. DOI:  10.11646/phytotaxa.357.1.2



[Herpetology • 2018] Lygosoma peninsulare & L. kinabatanganensis • On the Taxonomy of Lygosoma bampfyldei Bartlett, 1895 (Squamata: Scincidae) with Descriptions of New Species from Borneo and Peninsular Malaysia and the Resurrection of Lygosoma schneideri Werner, 1900


 Lygosoma peninsulare  
Grismer, Quah, Dzulkefly & Yambun, 2018


Abstract
A reassessment of the taxonomy of Lygosoma bampfyldei based on morphology and color pattern indicates that it is a species complex containing L. bampfyldei Bartlett, 1895 from the Rajang River, Sarawak and Croker Range, Sabah in East Malaysia; Lygosoma peninsulare sp. nov. from Bukit Larut, Perak and 13.5 km east of Jeli, Kelantan, Peninsular Malaysia; Lygosoma kinabatanganensis sp. nov. from the Kinabatangan District, Deramakot camp (=Deramakot Sabah Forestry Department), Sabah, East Malaysia; and L. schneideri Werner, 1900 from Djapura, Indragiri, Sumatra, Indonesia—resurrected herein from the synonymy of L. bampfyldei. The new taxonomy aligns itself well with a growing body of literature demonstrating that semi-fossorial and fossorial Sundaic skinks are more diverse than previously considered.

Keywords: Reptilia, Sundaland, skinks, systematics, new species






L. Lee Grismer, Evan S. H. Quah, Zaharil Dzulkefly and Paul Yambun. 2018. On the Taxonomy of Lygosoma bampfyldei Bartlett, 1895 (Squamata: Scincidae) with Descriptions of New Species from Borneo and Peninsular Malaysia and the Resurrection of Lygosoma schneideri Werner, 1900.   Zootaxa.  4438(3); 528–550. DOI:  10.11646/zootaxa.4438.3.6

[Botany • 2018] Sindora stipitata (Detarioideae, Leguminosae) • A New Species from Northeastern Thailand


Sindora stipitata Chatan & Promprom

in Promprom, Chatan & Saisaard, 2018
มะค่าแต้นครพนม  ||  DOI:  10.3897/phytokeys.100.25870 

Abstract
Sindora stipitata, a new species in the subfamily Detarioideae (Leguminosae), collected from Nakhon Phanom Province, Thailand, is described and illustrated. The new species is morphologically similar to S. leiocarpa but differs in its smaller stature (3–5 m high), 6-foliolate paripinnate leaves, falcate persistent stipules, presence of a petal auricle, absence of a petal claw, stipitate ovary and capitate stigma. A key to the Thailand and Malesia species of Sindora is provided.

Keywords: Sindora, Fabaceae, Nakhon Phanom Province, plant diversity, Thailand, taxonomy


Figure 1. Sindora stipitata Chatan & Promprom, sp. nov.  A habit and habitat B branches and inflorescences C branch with leaves and stipules D branch with fruits.

 Photographs of the type specimen by W. Chatan. 

Figure 2. Line drawing of Sindora stipitata Chatan & Promprom, sp. nov. A a branch with leaves and inflorescence B floral bud C floret D posterior sepal (abaxial side) E posterior sepal (adaxial side) F one of the remaining narrower sepal (abaxial side) G one of the remaining narrower sepal (adaxial side) H petal (adaxial side) I free staminode J fused stamen K pistil.
Illustration by W. Chatan (based on type specimen).

Taxonomy
Sindora stipitata Chatan & Promprom, sp. nov.

Diagnosis: Sindora stipitata is very similar to S. leiocarpa from Malesia, but it is easily distinguished by the following characters: a smaller stature (3-5 m high), 6-foliolate paripinnate leaves, falcate persistent stipules, presence of a petal auricle, absence of a petal claw, stipitate ovary and capitate stigma.

Distribution: The new species is a Thai endemic and is known from only the type locality in the Phulangka National Park, Ban Pheang District, Nakhon Phanom Province, North-eastern Thailand.

Ecology: This new species grows in open areas of dry deciduous forest at an elevation of 250–350 m.


Etymology: The specific epithet refers to its distinctly long ovary stipe. This character is one of many morphological characters that distinguishes the new species from its closely related species.

Vernacular name: Ma Kha Tae Nakhon Phanom - มะค่าแต้นครพนม, Mak Tae.


Preliminary conservation status: Sindora stipitata is known only from the type locality and its estimated extent of occurrence is less than 100 km2. The number of mature individuals was less than 1,000 and the occupied area is continuing to decline slightly. Therefore, it should be considered as “Critically Endangered” according to the IUCN criteria B1 (IUCN 2017).


 Wilawan Promprom, Wannachai Chatan and Peerapon Saisaard. 2018. Sindora stipitata (Detarioideae, Leguminosae), A New Species from Thailand. PhytoKeys. 100: 149-156.  DOI:  10.3897/phytokeys.100.25870

[Botany • 2018] Taxonomic Revision of the Genus Calendula (Asteraceae) in the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands


Calendula suffruticosa Vahl (1791)

in Gonçalves, Castro, Paiva, et al., 2018.

Abstract
A taxonomic revision of the genus Calendula is presented, based on an extensive analysis of its morphological variation, which allowed a re-evaluation of the species delimitations in the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Morphometric data based on field and herbarium material were gathered and analysed. Characters traditionally used to delimit taxa in the genus were re-evaluated, and the taxonomic value of new characters was explored. The variation between and within taxa was explored statistically. Morphological patterns were compared with chromosome numbers and genome size estimates. The results revealed that the achenes are particularly important to distinguish taxa, although, due to their variability, they should be used carefully. Four species are recognised in the area (C. arvensis, C. officinalis, C. tripterocarpa and C. suffruticosa), including nine subspecies of C. suffruticosa. Among these, two new subspecies (C. suffruticosa subsp. trialata and C. suffruticosa subsp. vejerensis) are described. Identification keys, descriptions, geographical distributions and conservation assessments are also provided for each taxon.

Keywords: Calenduleae, Compositae, Mediterranean, Portugal, Spain, systematic, Eudicots




Ana Carla Gonçalves, Sílvia Castro, Jorge Paiva, Conceição Santos and Paulo Silveira. 2018. Taxonomic Revision of the Genus Calendula (Asteraceae) in the Iberian Peninsula and the Balearic Islands. Phytotaxa. 352(1); 1–91. DOI:  10.11646/phytotaxa.352.1.1

Sunday, June 24, 2018

[Herpetology • 2018] Molecular Phylogeny and Diversification of Malagasy Bright-eyed Tree Frogs (Mantellidae: Boophis)



in Hutter, Lambert, Andriampenomanana, et al., 2018

Highlights
• We estimated the first multi-locus phylogeny of Boophis frogs.
• Found that the B. ulftunni group was nested within the B. majori group.
• We erect the new B. blommersae group, composed of small, brown stream breeding frogs.
• We illustrate examples of correlated and repeated evolution in coloration and ventral transparency.
Boophis diversified within the Eastern highland forests of Madagascar.
• Adaptation to these highland areas was important in their diversification.

Abstract
We investigate the molecular phylogeny of Boophis, a group of arboreal frogs from the Malagasy-Comoroan family Mantellidae. Based on newly acquired DNA sequences of five mitochondrial and five nuclear markers (7444 base pairs), we infer a phylogeny of Boophis with complete species-level taxon sampling. We reconstruct the phylogeny using Bayesian inference and maximum likelihood and estimate divergence dates for the major clades of the genus. The phylogenetic analyses together support the monophyly of the two subgenera (Sahona and Boophis), and provide strong support for most previously identified species groups, except that the B. ulftunni group is nested within the B. majori group. We also erect a new species group related to the B. mandraka group, the B. blommersae group, composed of small-sized, brown stream-breeding frogs previously included within the B. majori group. Finally, we use the resulting phylogeny to illustrate striking examples of repeated evolution of coloration and ventral transparency and address the biogeographic history and broad pattern of species diversification in the genus. Ancestral area reconstructions provide evidence that Boophis diversified within the Eastern highland forests of Madagascar, and we suggest that adaptation to these highland areas was important in their diversification.

Keywords: Amphibia; Anura; Biogeography; Dispersal; Madagascar; Phylogeny




Carl R. Hutter, Shea M. Lambert, Zo F. Andriampenomanana, Frank Glaw and Miguel Vences. 2018. Molecular Phylogeny and Diversification of Malagasy Bright-eyed Tree Frogs (Mantellidae: Boophis). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. In Press.  DOI: 10.1016/j.ympev.2018.05.027

Saturday, June 23, 2018

[Ornithology • 2017] On Temminck’s Tailless Ceylon Junglefowl, Gallus ecaudatus, and How Darwin denied their Existence


 Lithograph of Gallus ecaudatus, based on specimen RMNH. AVES.224888, by Jean-Gabriel Prêtre prepared c.1806 for an illustrated work in three volumes that Temminck intended to publish on pigeons and Galliformes.

in van Grouw, Dekkers & Rookmaaker, 2017.
Bull. B.O.C. 137(4) 

  Summary
Ceylon Junglefowl was described in 1807 by the Dutch ornithologist Coenraad Jacob Temminck. The specimens he examined were tailless (‘rumpless’) and therefore he named them Gallus ecaudatus. In 1831 the French naturalist René Primevère Lesson described a Ceylon Junglefowl with a tail as Gallus lafayetii (= lafayetii), apparently unaware of Temminck’s ecaudatus. Subsequently, ecaudatus and lafayetii were realised to be the same species, of which G. stanleyi and G. lineatus are junior synonyms. However, Charles Darwin tried to disprove the existence of wild tailless junglefowl on Ceylon in favour of his theory on the origin of the domestic chicken. 


‘The tailless cock inhabits the immense forests of the island of Ceylon’ (Temminck 1813: 268). 

 ‘… but this statement [tailless fowls are wild in Ceylon] … is uterly false’ (Darwin 1868: 259).


Figure 2. Lithograph of Gallus ecaudatus, based on specimen RMNH. AVES.224888, by Jean-Gabriel Prêtre prepared c.1806 for an illustrated work in three volumes that Temminck intended to publish on pigeons and Galliformes. Only the volume on pigeons was published, in 1808, and the two volumes on Galliformes never appeared due to a confict between Temminck and the French illustrator of the frst volume, Pauline Knip (Dickinson et al. 2010). Instead, Temminck later published Histoire naturelle générale des pigeons et des gallinacés in three volumes (1813–15) without any colour illustrations. The reference ‘Gall. v. 1. pl. Enl.’ in Temminck’s published catalogue (1807) refers to the frst of the two unpublished volumes on Galliformes, which would have been vol. 2 of the complete work (Naturalis Biodiversity Center, Leiden)


Hein van Grouw, Wim Dekkers and Kees Rookmaaker. 2017. On Temminck’s Tailless Ceylon Junglefowl, and How Darwin denied their Existence. Bull. B.O.C. 137(4); 261-271



[Botany • 2017] Fimbristylis fusiformis (Cyperaceae) • Taxonomy and Phylogenetic Position of A New Species from Thailand


Fimbristylis fusiformis Wangwasit & D.A.Simpson

in Wangwasit, Muasya, Chantaranothai & Simpson, 2017.

Abstract:
Fimbristylis fusiformis, an unusual new species of Cyperaceae from Thailand, is described and illustrated. This taxon has a single terminal spikelet per culm with a semi-distichous glume arrangement, bisexual flowers that lack perianth parts, and pistil with persistent style whose base is slightly swollen and trigonous nutlets with pubescent ribs. Phylogenetic reconstruction using ITS sequence data places this taxon in Abildgaardieae and sister to the rest of Fimbristylis. The species has a conservation status of Least Concern (LC).

Keywords: Conservation Status; Fimbristylis; Phylogeny; Taxonomy



Fig. 2 Fimbristylis fusiformis Wangwasit & D.A.Simpson.
a. Plants in habitat; b. close-up of spikelet. — Photos by D.A. Simpson.

Fimbristylis fusiformis Wangwasit & D.A.Simpson, sp. nov.

Superficially similar to F. pauciflora R.Br. but distinguished by the glumes 6.5–8.5 mm long (vs 2.5–3 mm long in F. pauciflora), nutlets fusiform, fimbriate at apex and base, with 3 longitudinal costae (vs nutlets obovate and glabrous in F. pauciflora). — Type: K. Wangwasit 080927-17 (holo K; iso BK, KKU), Thailand, Ubon Ratchathani, Pha Taem National Park, 27 Sept. 2008.

Etymology. Named after the shape of the nutlets.


 K. Wangwasit, A.M. Muasya, P. Chantaranothai and D.A. Simpson. 2017. Taxonomy and Phylogenetic Position of Fimbristylis fusiformis, A New Species of Cyperaceae from Thailand.  Blumea - Biodiversity, Evolution and Biogeography of Plants. 62(1); 47-52.  DOI: 10.3767/000651917X695209
repository.naturalis.nl/document/645595


[Mollusca • 2017] Erhaia wangchuki Erhaia Davis & Kuo (Gastropoda, Rissooidea, Amnicolidae) also in Bhutan


Erhaia wangchuki
Gittenberger, Sherub & Stelbrink, 2017


Abstract
The occurrence of at least one species of Erhaia in Bhutan, viz. Erhaia wangchuki sp. n., is confirmed by DNA sequencing. A second unnamed species from Bhutan, that might be congeneric, is known from only a single shell. According to the molecular analysis, E. wangchuki is most closely related to a still undescribed Erhaia species from China. These two species together with E. jianouensis and Akiyoshia kobayashii, both also from China, form a well supported clade. Awaiting additional molecular data, the apparent inconsistency regarding Erhaia versus Akiyoshia is not dealt with here. The extant true sister species of E. wangchuki could be among the four SE Himalayan species from Bhutan and Nepal that are classified with Erhaia on the basis of conchological data only.

Keywords: ErhaiaAkiyoshia, 16S, taxonomy, distribution, Nepal, Bhutan

Figure 1. Erhaia wangchuki sp. n., sequenced paratype; scale bar 0.5 mm (photographs by B.S.); Bhutan, district Wangdue Phodrang, Gangchhu, 2883 m alt.; 27°26'N, 90°11'E; Jigme Wangchuk leg. 21.iii.2015.

Figure 1. Erhaia wangchuki sp. n., sequenced paratype; scale bar 0.5 mm (photographs by B.S.); Bhutan, district Wangdue Phodrang, Gangchhu, 2883 m alt.; 27°26'N, 90°11'E; Jigme Wangchuk leg. 21.iii.2015.
 Figures 5–7. The Gangzetem brooklet (5), with the watertank at the source (6), and the site where the brooklet crosses the road (7). Photographs by Damber Bdr Chhetri.

Systematics
Superfamilia Rissooidea Gray, 1847
Family Amnicolidae Tryon, 1863

Genus Erhaia Davis & Kuo, 1985

Type species: Erhaia daliensis Davis & Kuo,
in Davis, Kuo, Hoagland, Chen, Yang and Chen, 1985.

Erhaia wangchuki sp. n.

Etymology: wangchuki, after Jigme Wangchuk, who discovered these minute snails.
....


 Edmund Gittenberger, Sherub Sherub and Björn Stelbrink. 2017. Erhaia Davis & Kuo (Gastropoda, Rissooidea, Amnicolidae) also in Bhutan. ZooKeys. 679: 21-28.  DOI:  10.3897/zookeys.679.13326

Friday, June 22, 2018

[Botany • 2018] Chamaelirium viridiflorum (Melanthiaceae) • A New Species from Jiangxi, China


Chamaelirium viridiflorum L. Wang, Z.C. Liu & W.B. Liao

in Liu, Feng, Wang & Liao, 2018. 

Abstract

Chamaelirium viridiflorum (Melanthiaceae), a new species from southern Jiangxi, China, is described and illustrated. It is similar to C. koidzumiana in their ellipitic or ovate leaf blade and slender petiole, but differs by its zygomorphic flowers and unequal tepals. Besides Chamaelirium viridiflorum is also similar to C. shiwandashanensis in their actinomorphic flowers, but distinguished by its spatulate to obovate leaf blade, distinct petiole and 0.8–1.1 cm long tepals. This new species has an obvious feature that the color of tepals is still greenish at the end of the flowering period.

Keywords: China, Chamaelirium, Melanthiaceae, New species, Taxonomy, Monocots


FIGURE 3. Chamaelirium viridiflorum L. Wang, Z.C. Liu & W.B. Liao.
A & B, Habit; C & D, Blade; E & H, Spike; F, Flower, lateral view; G, Pistil and stamen; I, Capsule.


Chamaelirium viridiflorum L. Wang, Z.C. Liu & W.B. Liao, sp. nov. 

 Chamaelirium viridiflorum is most similar to C. shiwandashanensis, but differs by its distinctly petiolate leaves; greenish inflorescence rachis; and longer tepals (0.8–1.1 cm).

Etymology:— The specific epithet refers to the flowers of this new species that are green throughout the flowering period, differing from those of all other known species.
....



Zhong-Cheng Liu, Lu Feng, Lei Wang and Wen-Bo Liao. 2018. Chamaelirium viridiflorum (Melanthiaceae), A New Species from Jiangxi, China. Phytotaxa. 357(2); 126–132.  DOI:  10.11646/phytotaxa.357.2.5