|Thismia latiffiana Siti-Munirah & Dome,|
in Siti-Munirah & Dome, 2022.
Thismia burung hantu || DOI: 10.3897/phytokeys.188.77061
Thismia latiffiana Siti-Munirah & Dome, a new species from Terengganu, Peninsular Malaysia, is described and illustrated. The new species differs from all other species of Thismia, described so far, in having golden trichomes that are present on the outer surface of its floral tube and mitre, as well as pyramidal protuberances on the inner surface of the floral tube. Additionally, it is remarkable in its supraconnective apically bearing two long trichomes. Thismia latiffiana is assigned a preliminary conservation status as Critically Endangered (CR) according to IUCN Criteria.
Keywords: Hulu Nerus Forest Reserve, lowland dipterocarp forest, mycoheterotrophic, taxonomy
|Thismia latiffiana Siti-Munirah & Dome|
A walking trail near the habitat B plant in its habitat
C plant ex-situ.
Photos by Siti-Munirah MY (A, C) and Dome Nikong (B).
Thismia latiffiana Siti-Munirah & Dome, sp. nov.
Diagnosis: Thismia latiffiana differs from all its congeners by the following combination of traits: the presence of golden trichomes on the outer surface of floral tube and mitre, outer tepals absent, inner tepals form a mitre without appendages, an inner surface of floral tube covered by pyramidal protuberances and supraconnective bilobed with each lobe terminated by a long, needle-like trichome.
Distribution: Endemic to Peninsular Malaysia, Terengganu. Currently known only from the type locality.
Ecology: In a lowland dipterocarp forest, on moist soil, under shade, near an open place (walking trail) (Figure 4) at elevation of 220 m. Flowering from December to February.
Etymology: Thismia latiffiana is named in honour of Emeritus Professor Dato’ Dr. Abdul Latiff Mohamad, a prominent botanist and conservationist in Malaysia.
Vernacular name: We suggest a local name as ‘Thismia burung hantu’ in Malay, due to its appearance resembling an owl (‘burung hantu’ = owl).