Thursday, January 24, 2019

[Herpetology • 2018] Proceratophrys ararype • A New Species of Proceratophrys (Anura: Odontophrynidae) from the Araripe Plateau, Ceará State, Northeastern Brazil

Proceratophrys ararype 
Mângia, Koroiva, Nunes, Roberto, Ávila, Sant'Anna, Santana & Garda, 2018

Natural rain forest enclaves in northeastern Brazil (called Brejos de Altitude) are present in isolated areas surrounded by the semiarid Caatinga biome. Among these montane areas, the Araripe Plateau in Ceará state harbors Caatinga, Cerrado, and Atlantic Forest remnants and is considered a priority area for biodiversity conservation. Herein, we describe a new species of Proceratophrys (Amphibia: Anura: Odontophrynidae; Horned Frogs) endemic to the Araripe Plateau. Based on nuclear and mitochondrial DNA sequences, we show that this new species is related to the Amazonian species P. concavitympanum but can be diagnosed based on the row of tubercles on the forearm and by the number, size, and disposition of tubercles on the dorsal region. It is also widely disjunct, known only from the mesic forests of the Araripe Plateau, 2400 km away from the type locality of P. concavitympanum. The new species depends on streams for reproduction and is currently known from an area that is severely impacted by deforestation and diversion of local streams for agriculture and recreation. Considering the many threatened species occurring in the same region, there is a need for future studies to quantify the new species' full distribution and evaluate population trends to correctly assess its conservation status.

Keywords: Brejos de Altitude, Caatinga biome, Horned Frogs, Phylogeny, Pleistocene

Proceratophrys ararype sp. nov.Adult female holotype (CHUFPE 156) from Mata do Clube Recreativo Grangeiro, Crato Municipality, Ceará state, Brazil. 

Photo by P.M.S. Nunes. 

Proceratophrys ararype sp. nov. (Figs. 1–3)
 Proceratophrys cristiceps Ribeiro et al. 2012
 Proceratophrys aridus Ferreira-Silva et al. 2016 (in part)

Etymology.—The Araripe Plateau spans the borders of Ceará, Pernambuco and Piauí states. ‘‘Araripe,’’ from the ancient tupi, ararype, means ‘‘on the Araras River’’ (arara, arara + ’y, river + pe, on the; Arara means Macaw in Tupi and in vernacular Portuguese). Because the new species is known only from the Araripe region, we name it after this area. The specific epithet ararype is treated as a noun in apposition

Sarah Mângia, Ricardo Koroiva, Pedro M. Sales Nunes, Igor Joventino Roberto, Robson W. Ávila, Anathielle Caroline Sant'Anna, Diego J. Santana and Adrian A. Garda. 2018. A New Species of Proceratophrys (Amphibia: Anura: Odontophrynidae) from the Araripe Plateau, Ceará State, Northeastern Brazil. Herpetologica. 74(3); 255-268.  DOI: 10.1655/Herpetologica-D-16-00084.1  

[Herpetology • 2019] Pholidobolus paramuno • A New Species of Pholidobolus (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) from the Paramo Ecosystem in the Northern Andes of Colombia

Pholidobolus paramuno
Hurtado-Gómez, Arredondo, Sales Nunes & Daza, 2018

On the basis of morphological and molecular evidence, we describe a new species of lizard of the genus Pholidobolus, previously conflated with P. vertebralis, from a paramo ecosystem in the northern Cordillera Central of Colombia. Our results support the recognition of the new species and suggest it is not closely related to P. vertebralis. Morphologically, the new species is distinguished from its congeners by coloration pattern, scutelation and hemipenial morphology. In light of the new evidence, we discuss the validity of available names, putative synapomorphies and the biogeography of the genus Pholidobolus in its northern distribution.

KEYWORDS Antioquia, Cercosaurinae, Hemipenes, Molecular phylogenetics, taxonomy

 Pholidobolus paramuno sp. nov. Male holotype (MHUA-R 12481)
Photo by Juan P. Hurtado-Gómez

  Pholidobolus paramuno sp. nov. female paratype (MHUA-R 12456).
Photo by A.F. Duarte

Pholidobolus paramuno sp. nov.  
Prionodactylus vertebralis Uzzell, 1973: 6 (part). 
Cercosaura vertebralis Hernandez-Ruz and Bernal, 2011 (part). 
Cercosaura vertebralis Doan and Cusi, 2014: 1197 (part).

Etymology. The specific epithet is an adjective referring to the word paramo, a high-altitude ecosystem restricted to the northern Andes of South America, where all specimens of the new species were found.

Juan P. Hurtado-Gómez, Juan C. Arredondo, Pedro M. Sales Nunes and Juan M. Daza. 2018. A New Species of Pholidobolus (Squamata: Gymnophthalmidae) from the Paramo Ecosystem in the Northern Andes of Colombia. South American Journal of Herpetology. 13(3); 271-287. DOI: 10.2994/SAJH-D-15-00014.1  

Resúmen: Con base en datos morfológicos y moleculares, describimos una especie nueva de lagartija del género Pholidobolus de un páramo al norte de la Cordillera Central de Colombia, la cual previamente había sido asociada con P. vertebralis. Nuestros resultados soportan el reconocimiento de la nueva especie y sugieren que no se encuentra cercanamente emparentada con P.  vertebralis a pesar de su cercana distribución. Morfológicamente, la nueva especie se diferencia de los otros miembros del género por su patrón de coloración, escamación y morfología hemipeniana. A la luz de la nueva evidencia, discutimos la validez de nombres disponibles, sinapomorfias putativas y la biogeografía para el género Pholidobolus en su distribución más norte.

[Herpetology • 2019] Endemic, Endangered and Evolutionarily Significant: Cryptic Lineages in Seychelles' Frogs (Anura: Sooglossidae)

Family Sooglossidae 
Sechellophryne spp. 
Sooglossus spp. 

in Labisko, Griffiths, Chong-Seng, et al., 2019. 
  DOI:  10.1093/biolinnean/bly183  

Cryptic diversity corresponding with island of origin has been previously reported in the endemic, geographically restricted sooglossid frogs of the Seychelles archipelago. The evolutionary pattern behind this has not been fully explored, and given current amphibian declines and the increased extinction risk faced by island species, we sought to identify evolutionarily significant units (ESUs) to address conservation concerns for these highly threatened anurans. We obtained genetic data for two mitochondrial (mtDNA) and four nuclear (nuDNA) genes from all known populations of sooglossid frog (on the islands of Mahé, Praslin and Silhouette) for phylogenetic analyses and to construct nuDNA haplotype networks. Bayesian and maximum likelihood analyses of mtDNA support the monophyly and molecular differentiation of populations in all species that occur on multiple islands. Haplotype networks using statistical parsimony revealed multiple high-frequency haplotypes shared between islands and taxa, in addition to numerous geographically distinct (island-specific) haplotypes for each species. We consider each island-specific population of sooglossid frog as an ESU and advise conservation managers to do likewise. Furthermore, our results identify each island lineage as a candidate species, evidence for which is supported by analyses of mtDNA based on Bayesian Poisson tree processes, and independent analyses of mtDNA and nuDNA using the multispecies coalescent. Our findings add to the growing understanding of the biogeography and hidden diversity within this globally important region.

Keywords: candidate species, cryptic diversity, evolutionarily significant unit, Indian Ocean, insular amphibians, islands, Sechellophryne, Seychelles, Sooglossidae, Sooglossus

Jim Labisko, Richard A. Griffiths, Lindsay Chong-Seng, Nancy Bunbury, Simon T. Maddock, Kay S. Bradfield, Michelle L. Taylor and Jim J Groombridge. 2019. Endemic, Endangered and Evolutionarily Significant: Cryptic Lineages in Seychelles' Frogs (Anura: Sooglossidae).  Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. bly183 DOI:  10.1093/biolinnean/bly183 
@SeyAmphibians @Simon_Maddock @BiolJLinnSoc


[Crustacea • 2019] Pseudophilyra parilis • A New Species of Pseudophilyra (Decapoda: Brachyura) from Japan, and Redescription and New Records of A poorly known Leucosiid Crab, Pseudophilyra punctulata

Pseudophilyra parilis 
Tomoyuki, Shimetsugu & Ng, 2019

A poorly known leucosiid crab, Pseudophilyra punctulata Chen & Ng, 2003, originally described on the basis of an immature male holotype and an immature female paratype from Singapore, is rediscovered and rediagnosed on the basis of material from Thailand, the Philippines and the Ryukyu Islands (Japan). In addition, a new species closely related to P. punctulata, P. parilis, is described and illustrated on the basis of material from Mie Prefecture, Honshu mainland of Japan. The new species is distinguished from P. punctulata by the coarser granules bordering the lateral carapace margins and the different shape of the gonopods. Pseudophilyra tridentata Miers, 1879, is also compared with P. punctulata and P. parilis n. sp. because of the close similarities in the overall morphology of the carapace and appendages, but can easily be differentiated by the smoother carapace and thoracic sternum surface, different shape of the carapace and the stouter cheliped palm. It is possible that previous records of P. tridentata outside Japan might contain more than one species.

Keywords: Crustacea, Pseudophilyra parilis, Pseudophilyra tridentata, Thailand, Philippines, Ryukyu Islands

Leucosiidae Samouelle, 1819 
Ebaliinae Stimpson, 1871 
Pseudophilyra Miers, 1879

Pseudophilyra parilis n. sp. 
[New Japanese name: Hamabe-kobushi-modoki]

FIGURE 5. Pseudophilyra parilis n. sp., CBM-ZC 14485, holotype, male (7.2×6.2 mm), Mie Prefecture, Japan, habitus in dorsal view (left pereopod 2 missing), stained with methylene blue to show details of dorsal ornamentation of carapace.

Distribution. Presently known only from the type locality, Funakoshi, Daiou-cho, Shima, Mie Prefecture, Japan; intertidal to shallow subtidal sand bottom.

Etymology. From the Latin “parilis” (adj., similar), in reference to the close similarity of the new species to Pseudophilyra punctulata

Komai Tomoyuki, Miho Shimetsugu and Peter K. L. Ng. 2019. Redescription and New Records of A poorly known Leucosiid Crab, Pseudophilyra punctulata Chen & Ng, 2003, and Description of A New Species of Pseudophilyra from Japan (Crustacea: Decapoda: Brachyura). Zootaxa. 4550(2); 251–267.  DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4550.2.6

Wednesday, January 23, 2019

[Herpetology • 2019] Scutiger tengchongensis • A New Species of Scutiger (Anura: Megophryidae) from the Gaoligongshan Mountain Range, China

Scutiger tengchongensis 
 Yang & Huang, 2019
Tengchong Lazy Toad || DOI: 10.1643/CH-17-661 

During recent surveys in Gaoligongshan Mountain Range, Yunnan Province of China, we collected specimens of Scutiger from a montane stream area at an elevation of 3000 m. Subsequent study based on morphological, molecular, and acoustic data reveals that the newly collected specimens represent an unknown taxon and is described herein: Scutiger tengchongensis, new species. The new species can be distinguished from its congeners by a combination of the following characters: (1) relatively small size (adult male SVL 36.0–40.1 mm, n = 8); (2) vomerine teeth absent; (3) dorsum with large prominent, conical-shaped and longitudinal tubercles; (4) large tubercles on dorsum covered by numerous tiny black spines in males in breeding condition; (5) a pair of pectoral glands and a pair of axillary glands present on the chest, and covered by dense tiny black spines in males in breeding condition; (6) pectoral gland about twice the size of axillary gland; (7) inner three fingers with black nuptial spines in males in breeding condition; (8) nuptial spines on first and second fingers larger than those on third finger; (9) black spines on the belly absent; (10) vocal sac absent; and (11) toe webbing rudimentary. The discovery of S. tengchongensis, new species, represents the southernmost record of the genus worldwide, and the new species is the smallest known member of the genus in body size.

Holotype (SYS a005793) of  Scutiger tengchongensis, new species, in life.

Scutiger tengchongensis, new species

Distribution and natural history.— Scutiger tengchongensis is only known from its type locality in Gaoligongshan National Nature Reserve, Tengchong city, Yunnan Province of China. The new species was found in a shallow, clear-water rocky stream in montane bamboo forest at approx. 3000 m elevation. ....

Etymology.— The specific epithet, ‘‘tengchongensis,’’ is in reference to the type locality, Tengchong City of Yunnan Province, China. As a common name, we suggest ‘‘Tengchong Lazy Toad.’’

Jian-Huan Yang and Xiang-Yuan Huang. 2019. A New Species of Scutiger (Anura: Megophryidae) from the Gaoligongshan Mountain Range, China. Copeia. 107(1); 10-22.  DOI: 10.1643/CH-17-661

[Entomology • 2019] Coeliccia schorri • A New Species of Damselfly (Odonata: Zygoptera: Platycnemididae) from the Central Highlands of Vietnam

Coeliccia schorri 
Phan & To, 2019

Coeliccia schorri sp. n. is described based on both sexes (holotype male from Dak Roong Commune, K’bang district, Gia Lai province, central highlands of Vietnam). The combination of the characters of a large pruinose spot on the synthorax, blue abdominal tip, and white appendages in the male and a long spine on the posterior pronotal lobe of the prothorax in the female help distinguish it from all other Coeliccia species. The Coeliccia hayashii-group, remarkable for the pruinose markings on the male prothorax and synthorax in combination with the structure of the genital ligula which is bifurcated from the base into two long flagella, is discussed. 

Figs 16-17. Photos of (14) paratype ♂ and (15) paratype ♀ of Coeliccia schorri sp. n. in Dak Roong Commune, K'Bang District, Gia Lai Province, taken in 24 May 2018 by Quoc Toan Phan.

Family Platycnemididae Yakobson & Bianchi, 1905 
Subfamily Calicnemiinae Fraser, 1957 

Genus Coeliccia Kirby, 1890 

Coeliccia schorri sp. n.

Etymology This species is named in honor of Dr Martin Schorr in appreciation of his support of odonatological research in Vietnam through the International Dragonfly Fund to the first author. A noun in the genitive case.

Phan Quoc Toan and Van Quang To. 2019. Description of New Damselfly Coeliccia schorri sp. n. (Odonata: Zygoptera: Platycnemididae) with A Discussion of the Coeliccia hayashii -group in Vietnam. International Journal of Odonatology.  DOI: 10.1080/13887890.2018.1557567

[Herpetology • 2019] Allobates carajas • A Name for the Nurse-frog (Allobates, Aromobatidae) of Floresta Nacional de Carajás, Eastern Brazilian Amazonia

Allobates carajas  Simões, Rojas & Lima, 2019

We describe a new species of nurse-frog (Aromobatidae, Allobates) from Floresta Nacional de Carajás, southeastern Brazilian Amazonia. Allobates carajas sp. nov. is distinguished from similar congeneric species by the combination of the following characters: body-size range (snout-to-vent length 16.5–19.1 mm), dorsal color pattern with a dark brown hourglass-shaped mark, by the absence of a pale dorsolateral stripe and presence of a pale ventrolateral stripe, absence of a pale paracloacal mark, by overall bright yellow ventral colors of live male and female specimens, and by the posterior labium of tadpoles, with a single row of pyramidal papillae medially. The advertisement call of the new species is highly variable, with four possible temporal arrangements of notes (continuous emission of notes separated by regular silent intervals, continuous emission of notes separated by irregular silent intervals, emission of discrete note trills, and sporadic emission of single notes). Duration of notes range between 0.020–0.060 s, and the dominant frequency of notes range from 4.75 to 5.38 kHz. The new species is currently known only from forested habitats within Floresta Nacional de Carajás.
Keywords: Amphibia, Advertisement calls, conservation unit, Dendrobatoidea, mitochondrial DNA, Pará

Allobates carajas sp. nov. 

Pedro Ivo Simões, Diana Rojas and Albertina P. Lima. 2019. A Name for the Nurse-frog (Allobates, Aromobatidae) of Floresta Nacional de Carajás, Eastern Brazilian Amazonia. Zootaxa. 4550(1); 71–100. DOI:  10.11646/zootaxa.4550.1.3

[Botany • 2019] Amomum nagamiense (Zingiberaceae) • A New Species of Amomum Roxb. from Nagaland, India

Amomum nagamiense  V.P. Thomas & M. Sabu

in Thomas, Sabu & Nissar, 2019. 

A new species of Amomum from Nagaland is described and illustrated. The photographs and illustrations are provided. The species shows similarity with A. maximum in having bi-lobed ligule and white flowers and non-stoloniferous rhizome, but differs in slender habit, glabrous lamina, ligule with rounded apex, nonperishable, smaller bracteole, obtuse dorsal corolla lobe, pubescent anther lobe and ridged fruits.

Keyword: Amomum; India; Nagaland; New species; Zingiberaceae

Fig. 2. Photographs of Amomum nagamiense.
 A: habit. B & C: inflorescences. D: inner bract. E: bracteole. F: flower. G: calyx. H: corolla lobes. I: labellum. J: stamen. K: ovary with epigynous glands and style. L: stigma. M: fruit. Photos by V.P. Thomas.

Fig. 1. Illustration of Amomum nagamiense.
 A: habit. B: ligule. C: inflorescence. D: inner bract. E: bracteole. F: flower. G: calyx. H: corolla lobes. I: stamen. J: labellum. K: ovary with epigynous glands and style. L: stigma. M: cross section of ovary. N: fruit. Illustration by V.P. Thomas 

Amomum nagamiense V.P. Thomas & M. Sabu, sp. nov.

Similar to Amomum maximum in having bilobed ligule, white flowers, and non-stoloniferous rhizome, but differs in slender habit, glabrous lamina, ligule with rounded apex, non-perishable, smaller bracteole, obtuse dorsal corolla lobe, pubescent anther lobe and ridged fruits.

Distribution: India (Nagaland).

Ecology: Found growing as undergrowth in the semi-evergreen forest at an altitude of 1000 m asl in NE India. 

Etymology: Named for the Indian State Nagaland

Affinities: The species shows similarity with Amomum maximum in having bi-lobed ligule, white flowers, and non-stoloniferous rhizome, but differs in many attributes. A comparison with two other related species Amomum glabrum S. Q. Tong and A. menglaense S. Q. Tong are also presented (Table 1).  

Valukattil Ponnachan Thomas, Mamiyil Sabu and Vettathukattil Abdul Gafoor Muhammed Nissar. 2019. A New Species of Amomum Roxb. (Zingiberaceae) from Nagaland, India. Taiwania. 64(1); 9-12. DOI: 10.6165/tai.2019.64.9  

Tuesday, January 22, 2019

[Herpetology • 2019] Xylophiinae subfam. nov. • A New Subfamily of Fossorial Colubroid Snakes from the Western Ghats of Peninsular India

Geographic distribution of Xylophiinae subfam. nov. (green) 
and approximate distribution of subfamily Pareinae (blue).

Deepak, Ruane & Gower, 2019. 

We report molecular phylogenetic and dating analyses of snakes that include new mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequence data for three species of the peninsular Indian endemic Xylophis. The results provide the first molecular genetic test of and support for the monophyly of Xylophis. Our phylogenetic results support the findings of a previous, taxonomically restricted phylogenomic analysis of ultraconserved nuclear sequences in recovering the fossorial Xylophis as the sister taxon of a clade comprising all three recognised extant genera of the molluscivoran and typically arboreal pareids. The split between Xylophis and ‘pareids’ is estimated to have occurred on a similar timescale to that between most (sub)families of extant snakes. Based on phylogenetic relationships, depth of molecular genetic and estimated temporal divergence, and on the external morphological and ecological distinctiveness of the two lineages, we classify Xylophis in a newly erected subfamily (Xylophiinae subfam. nov.) within Pareidae.

KEYWORDSAsia, classification, Pareidae, Pareinae, phylogenetics, Xylophis, taxonomy

Figure 4. (a) Geographic distribution of Xylophiinae subfam. nov. (green) and approximate distribution of subfamily Pareinae (blue).
 Photographs show representative taxa of the two subfamilies within Pareidae: (b) Xylophis perroteti from Nilgiris, Tamil Nadu, India (Photo: Achyuthan N. Srikanthan); (c) Pareas monticola from Barail, Assam, India (Photo: V. Deepak).
Approximate distribution drawn based on locations provided in Srinivasulu et al. (2014) and Wallach et al. (2014).

DIAPSIDA Osborn, 1903
Superorder LEPIDOSAURIA Haeckel, 1866

Order SQUAMATA Oppel, 1811
Suborder SERPENTES Linnaeus, 1758
Infraorder CAENOPHIDIA Hoffstetter, 1939
Superfamily COLUBROIDEA Oppel, 1811

Family PAREIDAE Romer, 1956

Subfamily Xylophiinae subfam. nov.

Type genus: Xylophis Beddome, 1878

Content A single genus with three currently recognised species: X. stenorhynchus (Günther, 1875); X. perroteti Duméril, Bibron and Duméril, 1854; X. captaini Gower and Winkler, 2007. 
Xylophis indicus Beddome, 1878 has been considered a synonym of X. stenorhynchus (e.g. Smith 1943; Wallach et al. 2014) but might also be valid (Gower and Winkler 2007). Xylophis perroteti includes the synonyms Rhabdosoma microcephalum Günther, 1858 (e.g. Smith 1943; Wallach et al. 2014).

Diagnosis Colubroid snakes with first (anteriormost) three pairs of infralabial shields reduced to narrow strips, together much smaller than large pair of anterior chin (genial) shields.

 Distribution The Western Ghats region of peninsular India. ...

V. Deepak, Sara Ruane and David J. Gower. 2019. A New Subfamily of Fossorial Colubroid Snakes from the Western Ghats of Peninsular India. Journal of Natural History.   52(45-46)  DOI: 10.1080/00222933.2018.1557756  


[Arachnida • 2019] Filling the Gaps: Descriptions of Unnamed Species included in the latest Molecular Phylogeny of Pholcidae (Araneae)

Pinocchio barauna  
Huber & Carvalho, 2019

   DOI:  10.11646/zootaxa.4546.1.1  

This paper provides formal descriptions of some of the unnamed taxa that were included in the most recent molecular phylogeny of pholcid spiders (Eberle et al. 2018, BMC Evolutionary Biology, 18, 141). The focus is on new genera and on species that belong to recently revised genera. Eight new genera and 25 new species are formally described. In Arteminae, three new species are described in Artema Walckenaer, 1837: A. bahla sp. n., A. ghubrat sp. n., and A. dhofar sp. n. (all from Oman); five new species in Arnapa gen. n. (eastern Indonesia and New Guinea): A. arfak sp. n., A. tinoor sp. n., A. manokwari sp. n., A. meja sp. n., A. tolire sp. n.; and one new species in Chisosa Huber, 2000: C. caquetio sp. n. (Netherlands Antilles). In Ninetinae, three new monotypic genera are described: Pemona gen. n., with the type species P. sapo sp. n. (Venezuela); Pinocchio gen. n., with the type species P. barauna sp. n. (Brazil); and Magana gen. n., with the type species M. velox sp. n. (Oman). In Modisiminae, three new species are described in Chibchea Huber, 2000 (all from Brazil): C. amapa sp. n., C. santosi sp. n., and C. hamadae sp. n.; one new species in Psilochorus Simon, 1893: P. bromelicolus sp. n. (Brazil); and three new monotypic genera, all from Brazil: Arenita gen. n., with the type species A. fazendinha sp. n.; Kairona gen. n., with the type species K. selva sp. n.; and Saciperere gen. n., with the type species S. catuaba sp. n. In Pholcinae, a new monotypic genus is described: Giloloa gen. n., with the type species G. sofifi sp. n. (Indonesia); three new species in the genus Aetana Huber, 2005 (all from Indonesia): A. ternate sp. n.; A. mokwam sp. n.; A. ondawamei sp. n.; and two new species in the genus Panjange Deeleman-Reinhold & Deeleman, 1983 (both from Indonesia): P. thomi sp. n., and P. togutil sp. n.

Artema ghubrat is a cave-dwelling species and the only (slightly) troglomorphic representative of Arteminae; A. dhofar is presumably the closest known relative of the pantropical and synanthropic A. atlanta. The new genus Arnapa is probably species rich in eastern Indonesia and New Guinea but poorly collected; its morphological delimitation from other Australasian Arteminae (Wugigarra Huber, 2001; Holocneminus Berland, 1942; Trichocyclus Simon, 1908) needs further study. Arnapa nigromaculatus (Kulczyński, 1911) comb. n. is newly transferred from Psilochorus. Pemona sapo is the first representative of Ninetinae from Venezuela. The genus Chibchea, previously known from the Andes only, is for the first time recorded from Brazil/lowland Amazonia. Arenita fazendinha is among the few species in Pholcidae with extremely reduced procursus and barely modified male chelicerae. Kairona selva is unique among Pholcidae for its brush of strong hairs on a median horn anteriorly on the ocular area. Saciperere catuaba is one of only four pholcid species currently known to occur both in the Amazon and in the Atlantic Forest; however, variation indicates that more than one species might be included. It is among the few spiders known to have asymmetric genitalia (antisymmetric female internal genitalia). The Brazilian Psilochorus bromelicolus is the first South American Psilochorus of which both sexes are adequately described; however, the assignment to Psilochorus is tentative. Aetana ternate has extremely elongated procursi and accordingly elongated female internal genitalia. Aetana ondawamei and A. mokwam have almost identical male pedipalps and chelicerae (except for size) but differ clearly in the female genitalia.

Keywords: Araneae, taxonomy, Pholcidae, Brazil, Oman, Indonesia

Bernhard A. Huber and Leonardo S. Carvalho. 2019. Filling the Gaps: Descriptions of Unnamed Species included in the latest Molecular Phylogeny of Pholcidae (Araneae). Zootaxa. 4546(1); 1–96.  DOI:  10.11646/zootaxa.4546.1.1

Unnamed Species in Pholcidae
Eight new genera and 25 new species are formally described.
• Arteminae
Artema Walckenaer, 1837: A. bahla sp. n.A. ghubrat sp. n., and A. dhofar sp. n. (all from Oman);
Arnapa gen. n. (eastern Indonesia and New Guinea): A. arfak sp. n.A. tinoor sp. n., A. manokwari sp. n., A. meja sp. n., A. tolire sp. n.;
one new species in Chisosa Huber, 2000: C. caquetio sp. n. (Netherlands Antilles). 

• Ninetinaethree new monotypic genera are described: 
Pemona gen. n., with the type species P. sapo sp. n. (Venezuela); 
Pinocchio gen. n., with the type species P. barauna sp. n. (Brazil); and 
Magana gen. n., with the type species M. velox sp. n. (Oman). 

• Modisiminae,
 three new species are described in Chibchea Huber, 2000 (all from Brazil): C. amapa sp. n., C. santosi sp. n., and C. hamadae sp. n.; 
one new species in Psilochorus Simon, 1893: P. bromelicolus sp. n. (Brazil); and 

three new monotypic genera, all from Brazil:
 Arenita gen. n., with the type species A. fazendinha sp. n.
Kairona gen. n., with the type species K. selva sp. n.; and 
Saciperere gen. n., with the type species S. catuaba sp. n.

 • Pholcinae,
 a new monotypic genus is described: Giloloa gen. n., with the type species G. sofifi sp. n. (Indonesia); 
three new species in the genus Aetana Huber, 2005 (all from Indonesia): A. ternate sp. n.; Amokwam sp. n.; A. ondawamei sp. n.; and 
two new species in the genus Panjange Deeleman-Reinhold & Deeleman, 1983 (both from Indonesia): P. thomi sp. n., and P. togutil sp. n.

[Entomology • 2019] Revision of the Bamboo Leafhopper Tribe Mukariini (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Deltocephalinae) from the Indian Subcontinent with Description of New Genera and Species

Buloria indica Viraktamath & Webb, 2019

Leafhopper genera and species of the tribe Mukariini from the Indian subcontinent are revised. Nine genera and 22 species including two new genera, one new subgenus and 12 new species are dealt with. The new taxa described are Aalinga gen. nov. with its type species Aalinga brunoflava sp. nov. (India: Andaman Islands), Buloria indica sp. nov. (India: Karnataka). Buloria zeylanica sp. nov. (Sri Lanka), Flatfronta bella sp. nov. (India: Karnataka; Bangladesh), Mohunia bifurcata sp. nov. (Myanmar), Mukaria omani sp. nov. (India: Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh), Mukaria vakra sp. nov. (India: Karnataka), Mukariella gen. nov. with its type species Mukariella daii sp. nov. (India: Manipur), Myittana (Benglebra) cornuta sp. nov. (India: Karnataka), Myittana (Myittana) distincta sp. nov. (India: Karnataka), Myittana (Savasa) subgen. nov. with its type species Myittana (Savasa) constricta sp. nov. (India: Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Uttarakhand) and Scaphotettix arcuatus sp. nov. (India: West Bengal, Meghalaya, Mizoram). Genera Buloria Distant (new placement), Crispina Distant (new placement) and Myittana Distant (new placement) are placed in the tribe Mukariini. Genus Mohunia is redefined based on the study of its type species. Benglebra Mahmood & Ahmed 1969 is synonymised with Myittana Distant 1908 and considered as its subgenus. Myittana (Benglebra) alami (Mahmood & Ahmed) comb. nov., Myittana (Savasa) bipunctata (Mahmood & Ahmed) comb. nov.. Myittana (Benglebra) introspina (Chen & Yang 2007) comb. nov. and Mukariella bambusana (Li & Chen) comb. nov. are proposed; the first two species were earlier placed in the genus Benglebra, the third species in the genus Mohunia and the fourth in the genus Mukaria. Genera Flatfronta Chen & Li and Myittana are new records for India and Scaphotettix striata Dai & Zhang is a new record for the Indian subcontinent and Sri Lanka. All taxa dealt with are described and illustrated and keys for genera and their species are also given.

Keywords: Hemiptera, Mukariinae, Buloria, Crispina, Myittana, bamboo, morphology

 C.A. Viraktamath and M.D. Webb. 2019. Revision of the Bamboo Leafhopper Tribe Mukariini (Hemiptera: Cicadellidae: Deltocephalinae) from the Indian Subcontinent with Description of New Genera and Species. Zootaxa. 4547(1); 1–69. DOI:  10.11646/zootaxa.4547.1.1

Monday, January 21, 2019

[Herpetology • 2019] Uroplatus finaritraFinaritra! A Splendid New Leaf-tailed Gecko (Uroplatus) species from Marojejy National Park in north-eastern Madagascar

Uroplatus finaritra 
Ratsoavina, Raselimanana, Scherz, Rakotoarison, Razafindraibe, Glaw & Vences, 2019

The Marojejy Massif in northern Madagascar is a constant source of herpetological surprises. Herein we describe a new species of leaf-mimicking leaf-tailed gecko, Uroplatus finaritra sp. nov., based on morphological and molecular phylogenetic evidence. This new species inhabits the rainforests of Marojejy National Park at low elevations and is morphologically similar to Uroplatus phantasticus, but differs by having a larger body size, relatively shorter tail, and dark-red pigmentation of the oral mucosa. Molecular data reveals a distance of 14.0–14.7% in the 16S rRNA gene to U. phantasticus, and haplotype sharing in the c-mos nuclear gene only with species of much shorter tails (i.e., with U. kelirambo and two undescribed candidate species). Similar to other members of the leaf-mimicking Uroplatus species in northern Madagascar, Uroplatus finaritra sp. nov. likely has a small geographic distribution, and is currently known only from the lowland rainforests of Marojejy. We discuss the value of the buccal mucosa colouration and tail dimensions of Uroplatus as taxonomic characters, and the potential drivers of their evolution. In order to reduce the risk of international trade under incorrect species names we suggest that exported CITES species should be obligatorily accompanied by information about their precide geographic origin within Madagascar.

Key words: Squamata, Gekkonidae, Uroplatus ebenaui group, Uroplatus finaritra sp. nov., Marojejy, Madagascar

Uroplatus finaritra sp. nov. from Marojejy National Park.
[probably paratype UADBA-R 70494 (APR 12692)]

Uroplatus finaritra sp. nov. 
Uroplatus sp. G—Raxworthy et al. (2008) 
Uroplatus sp. Ca9—Ratsoavina et al. (2013)

Etymology. Finaritra is a Malagasy word for special greetings but also means healthy and happy. We refer to our delight in describing this splendid and exceptionally large species from a clade of generally small-sized leaf-tailed geckos. The name is an invariable noun in apposition.

FIGURE 4. Subadult female specimens of Uroplatus finaritra sp. nov. (a–b) ZSM 458/2016 (MSZC 0271) and (c–d) UADBA-R 70501 (MSZC 0253)
 in (a, d) dorsolateral and (b–c) dorsal view.


Fanomezana Mihaja Ratsoavina, Achille P. Raselimanana, Mark D. Scherz, Andolalao Rakotoarison, Jary H. Razafindraibe, Frank Glaw and Miguel Vences. 2019.  Finaritra! A Splendid New Leaf-tailed Gecko (Uroplatus) species from Marojejy National Park in north-eastern Madagascar. Zootaxa. 4545(4); 563–577. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4545.4.7
Resumé: Le massif de Marojejy au nord de Madagascar, représente constamment une source de surprises herpétologiques, avec la découverte d'une nouvelle espèce de gecko à queue plate. Les résultats des analyses phylogénétiques et morphologiques ont permis la description de Uroplatus finaritra sp. nov. Cette nouvelle espèce habite les forêts humides de basse altitude de Marojejy et est morphologiquement similaire à Uroplatus phantasticus. Néanmoins, elle diffère de cette dernière par un corps plus grand, une queue relativement plus courte et une pigmentation rouge foncée de la muqueuse buccale. Les données moléculaires révèlent une distance de 14,0 à 14,7% pour le gène 16S rRNA par rapport à U. phantasticus. Le partage d’haplotypes pour le gène nucléaire c-mos ne se présente qu’avec les espèces à queue beaucoup plus courte tel que U. kelirambo et deux autres espèces candidates non décrites. Vue la présence de plusieurs formes similaires de gecko A queue aplatie dans la partie nord de Madagascar, Uroplatus finaritra a probablement une distribution restreinte, étant recensée uniquement dans la zone de basse altitude du massif de Marojejy. Afin de réduire le risque de la commercialisation des espèces au niveau international sous des noms incorrects, il est suggéré que les espèces CITES exportées soient obligatoirement accompagnées d'informations concernant leur origine géographique précise à Madagascar.