Friday, June 22, 2018

[Paleontology • 2018] Cicada Fossils (Cicadoidea: Tettigarctidae and Cicadidae) with A Review of the Named Fossilised Cicadidae


(4) Platypedia primigenia, nearly entire specimen, wings superimposed over ventro-lateral body, in Colorado University Museum of Natural History, USA. (5a) Tibicina gigantea holotype, dorsal, entire specimen, from Boulard & Riou (1989). (5b) Tibicina gigantea close-up of left forewing base, from Boulard & Riou (1989). (6) Tibicina haematodes, forewing, from Wagner (1967). (7) Tibicina sakalai, holotype, including counterpart, female, lateral, from Prokop & Boulard (2000).

(1) Graptopsaltria aff. nigrofuscata forewing; in National Museum of Nature and Science, Japan; NSM-PA12018; image courtesy Yasunari Shigeta. (4) Minyscapheus dominicanus, holotype, whole specimen in amber; in collection George Poinar; image courtesy George Poinar. (5) Miocenoprasia grasseti, holotype, ventral impression; in Riou collection, Musée de Paléontologie, La Voulte-sur-Rhône, France; image courtesy Bernard Riou.  (7) Dominicicada youngi, holotype, hatchling in amber; in collection George Poinar; image courtesy George Poinar.

(2) Tanna? sp. hindwing; in National Museum of Nature and Science, Japan; NSM-PA12017; image courtesy Yasunari Shigeta. (3) Auritibicen bihamatus forewing; in National Museum of Nature and Science, Japan; NSM-PA12045; image courtesy Yasunari Shigeta. (6) Yezoterpnosia nigricosta forewing; in National Museum of Nature and Science, Japan; NSM-PA12019; image courtesy Yasunari Shigeta. (8) Burmacicada protera, holotype, hatchling in amber; in collection George Poinar; image courtesy George Poinar.

in Moulds, 2018. 

Abstract
The Cicadoidea comprise two families, the Cicadidae and the Tettigarctidae. This paper evaluates the status and taxonomy of all named Cicadoidea fossils belonging to the Cicadidae. Shcherbakov (2009) has previously revised the Tettigarctidae. Two new genera are described, Camuracicada gen. n. and Paleopsalta gen. n., for Camuracicada aichhorni (Heer, 1853) comb. n. and Paleopsalta ungeri (Heer, 1853) comb. n. A lectotype is designated for Cicada emathion Heer, 1853.

          Cicada grandiosa Scudder, 1892 is transferred to Hadoa Moulds, 2015 as Hadoa grandiosa comb. n.; Oncotympana lapidescens J. Zhang, 1989 is transferred to Hyalessa China, 1925 as Hyalessa lapidescens comb. n.; Meimuna incasa J. Zhang, Sun & X. Zhang, 1994 and Meimuna miocenica J. Zhang & X. Zhang, 1990 are transferred to Cryptotympana Stål, 1861 as Cryptotympana incasa comb. n. and Cryptotympana miocenica comb. n.; Tibicen sp. aff. japonicus Kato, 1925 is transferred to Auritibicen as Auritibicen sp. aff. japonicus comb. n., and Terpnosia sp. aff. vacua Olivier, 1790 is transferred to Yezoterpnosia Matsumura, 1917 as Yezoterpnosia sp. aff. vacua comb. n. The generic placement of two other fossils is changed to reflect current classification, those species now being Auritibicen bihamatus (Motschulsky, 1861) and Yezoterpnosia nigricosta (Motschulsky, 1866).

         Two species, Davispia bearcreekensis Cooper, 1941 and Lithocicada perita Cockerell, 1906, are transferred from the subfamily Cicadinae to the Tibicininae, tribe Tibicinini. Cicadatra serresi (Meunier, 1915) is also transferred from the Cicadinae to the Cicadettinae because the Cicadatrini have recently been transferred from the Cicadinae to the Cicadettinae (Marshall et al. 2018).

         Miocenoprasia grasseti Boulard and Riou, 1999 is transferred from the tribe Prasiini to the Lamotialnini. Tymocicada gorbunovi Becker-Migdisova, 1954 is transferred from the Dundubiini to the Cryptotympanini; Paracicadetta oligocenica Boulard & Nel, 1990 is transferred from the Cicadettini to the Pagiphorini and Minyscapheus dominicanus Poinar et al., 2011 is assigned to the Taphurini. Names of species once considered to belong in Cicadidae, but now excluded, are listed with explanation.

Keywords: Hemiptera, Eocene, Cretaceous, Jurassic, Miocene, Oligocene, Paleocene, Quaternary, Pleistocene, Pliocene, Tertiary

PLATE 2. (1) Lyristes renei, holotype, from Riou (1995). (2) Auritibicen sp. aff. japonicus comb. n., in Osaka Museum of Natural History, image Shigehiko Shiyake. (3) Paracicadetta oligocenica, holotype, part and counterpart, from Boulard & Nel (1990). (4) Platypedia primigenia, nearly entire specimen, wings superimposed over ventro-lateral body, in Colorado University Museum of Natural History, USA; UCM 29658, not the type; image David Zelagin. (5a) Tibicina gigantea holotype, dorsal, entire specimen, from Boulard & Riou (1989). (5b) Tibicina gigantea close-up of left forewing base, from Boulard & Riou (1989). (6) Tibicina haematodes, forewing, from Wagner (1967). (7) Tibicina sakalai, holotype, including counterpart, female, lateral, from Prokop & Boulard (2000).

PLATE 3. (1) Graptopsaltria aff. nigrofuscata forewing; in National Museum of Nature and Science, Japan; NSM-PA12018; image courtesy Yasunari Shigeta. (2) Tanna? sp. hindwing; in National Museum of Nature and Science, Japan; NSM-PA12017; image courtesy Yasunari Shigeta. (3) Auritibicen bihamatus forewing; in National Museum of Nature and Science, Japan; NSM-PA12045; image courtesy Yasunari Shigeta. (4) Minyscapheus dominicanus, holotype, whole specimen in amber; in collection George Poinar; image courtesy George Poinar. (5) Miocenoprasia grasseti, holotype, ventral impression; in Riou collection, Musée de Paléontologie, La Voulte-sur-Rhône, France; image courtesy Bernard Riou. (6) Yezoterpnosia nigricosta forewing; in National Museum of Nature and Science, Japan; NSM-PA12019; image courtesy Yasunari Shigeta. (7) Dominicicada youngi, holotype, hatchling in amber; in collection George Poinar; image courtesy George Poinar. (8) Burmacicada protera, holotype, hatchling in amber; in collection George Poinar; image courtesy George Poinar.

M. S. Moulds. 2018. Cicada Fossils (Cicadoidea: Tettigarctidae and Cicadidae) with A Review of the Named Fossilised Cicadidae. Zootaxa.  4438(3); 443–470. DOI:  10.11646/zootaxa.4438.3.2



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