Tuesday, July 11, 2017

[Herpetology • 2017] Andinobates victimatus • A New Species of Andinobates (Anura: Dendrobatidae) from the Urabá region of Colombia

Andinobates victimatus 
Márquez, Mejía-Vargas, Palacios-Rodríguez, Ramírez-Castañeda & Amézquita, 2017


Northwestern South America is among the most biodiverse, albeit unexplored, regions of the world. The genus Andinobates is made up of 14 species, all distributed in Northwestern South America (Colombia and Northern Ecuador), and adjacent Panamá. Within the last decade, five species of this genus have been described. In this paper we describe yet another species, belonging to the Andinobates fulguritus group, from the Urabá region of Northwestern Colombia. The new species can be distinguished from other members of Andinobates on the basis of a unique combination of coloration, size, and advertisement call parameters. Molecular phylogenetic and genetic distance analyses corroborate the species’ taxonomic affinity, and further support its status as a distinct lineage. Finally, we discuss the implications of our findings on the systematics of the A. fulguritus group.

Keywords: Amphibia, Integrative taxonomy, Molecular phylogenetics, mtDNA, Andinobates victimatus sp. nov., Llorona canyon

FIGURE 4. Andinobates victimatus sp. nov.
D: Lateral and dorsal views of an unsexed adult from the type locality. EF: Ventral views of unsexed adults at the type locality. 

Andinobates victimatus sp. nov.

Etymology. From the Latin victimatus  (the victimized); noun in apposition. The Urabá region, where this species occurs, has historically been flailed by Colombia’s longstanding armed conflicts, perhaps more than most other regions of the country, leaving a virtually countless trail of innocent victims. We name this species in honor and remembrance of all these victims.

  Roberto Márquez, Daniel Mejía-Vargas, Pablo Palacios-Rodríguez, Valeria Ramírez-Castañeda and  Adolfo Amézquita. 2017. A New Species of Andinobates (Anura: Dendrobatidae) from the Urabá region of Colombia. Zootaxa. 4290(3); 531-546.  DOI:  10.11646/zootaxa.4290.3.7


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