Tuesday, August 14, 2018

[Fungi • 2018] Lactarius nigricans & L. verrucosporus • Two New Species of Lactarius (Russulaceae) from southern China

Lactarius nigricans 
in Wang, Song, Li, Xia & Qiu, 2018 

Two new species of Lactarius from Dinghu Mountain, Guangdong Province in southern China were described based on both morphological characters and phylogenetic analysis of internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequences. Lactarius verrucosporus sp. nov. is characterized by reddish brown pileus with white and decurved margin, pale cream lamellae, globose to subglobose basidiospores with isolated warts, thin pileipellis composed of globose subterminal cells and inflated terminal elements. Lactarius nigricans sp. nov. is recognized by greyish brown pileus, beige lamellae, amyloid basidiospores with high ridges, subcylindrical to subfusiform caulocystidia, thick pileipellis with long terminal cells. Both molecular and morphological analysis consistently confirm that L. verrucosporus and L. nigricans belong to Lactarius subgenera Russularia and Plinthogalus, respectively, and both species are distinct from all described species of these two subgenera. The morphological differences of these two novel species with their closely related taxa are discussed.

Keywords: Fungi, Lactarius, new taxa, phylogeny, taxonomy

Geng-Shen Wang, Yu Song, Jing-Wei Li, Shi-Yao Xia and Li-Hong Qiu. 2018. Lactarius verrucosporus sp. nov. and L. nigricans sp. nov., Two New Species of Lactarius (Russulaceae) from southern China. Phytotaxa. 364(3); 227–240.  DOI: 10.11646/phytotaxa.364.3.2

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