Three species of the pagurid hermit crab genus Catapaguroides A. Milne-Edwards & Bouvier, 1892, all from Japanese waters, are reported. Catapaguroides fragilis (Melin, 1939) is redescribed on the basis of the holotype and additional material from southern Japan. Diagnostic characters of this poorly known species are fully assessed. Two new species, C. bythos and C. rubromaculatus, are described and illustrated on the basis of material from upper bathyal depths off the Ryukyu Islands. Catapaguroides rubromaculatus n. sp. resembles C. fragilis and C. hirsutus Komai & Rahayu, 2013, but the characteristic shape of the ocular peduncle and the elongate male right sexual tube with an anteriorly directed distal portion readily separate C. rubromaculatus n. sp. from the latter two congeners. Catapaguroides bythos n. sp. appears close to C. mortenseni de Saint Laurent, 1968 and C. pectinipes (Lewinsohn, 1969), but the different armature of the chelipeds distinguishes C. bythos n. sp. from the latter two allies. Catapaguroides is now represented by 30 species.
Keywords: Crustacea, Catapaguroides bythos, Catapaguroides rubromaculatus, Amami-ohshima Island, Okinawa Island
Komai Tomoyuki. 2017. Redescription of the Pagurid Hermit Crab Catapaguroides fragilis (Melin, 1939) and Descriptions of Two New Species from Deep-Sea off the Ryukyu Islands, Japan (Crustacea: Decapoda: Anomura). Zootaxa. 4273(2); 235–257. DOI: 10.11646/zootaxa.4273.2.5