Tuesday, January 31, 2017

[Entomology • 2017] Review of Neopalpa Povolný, 1998 (Lepidoptera, Gelechiidae) with Description of A New Species, Neopalpa donaldtrumpi, from California and Baja California, Mexico


Neopalpa donaldtrumpi  Nazari, 2017

Figure 2. Close up of the head of male Neopalpa donaldtrumpi sp. n. holotype (UCBMEP0201628, CA: Imperial County).: 
c:  lateral aspect, d: frontal aspect. Scale bar 1 mm.

Figure 1. Adults of Neopalpa donaldtrumpi sp. n.:
g Holotype ♂ UCBMEP0201628 (CA: Imperial County) h Paratype ♀ UCBMEP0201482 (CA: Imperial County) i Paratype ♂ UCBMEP0201629 (CA: Imperial County) j Paratype ♂ EMEC408498 (Mexico: Baja California Sur).   Scale bar 2 mm.


Abstract
The monotypic genus Neopalpa was described in 1998 by Czech entomologist Dalibor Povolný based on two male specimens from Santa Catalina Island, California, which he named N. neonata. The female of this species was discovered recently based on a DNA barcode match and is described. In addition, a new species with marked differences in morphology and DNA barcodes from southern California and Baja California Mexico is described as Neopalpa donaldtrumpi sp. n. Adults and genitalia of both species are illustrated, new diagnosis for the genus Neopalpa is provided, and its position within Gelechiidae is briefly discussed.

Keywords: Microlepidoptera, new species, nomenclature, taxonomy, Donald J. Trump

Figure 2. Close up of the head of male Neopalpa species.
  a, b N. neonata (LACMENT326885, Mexico: Baja California) c, d N. donaldtrumpi sp. n., holotype (UCBMEP0201628, CA: Imperial County). Left: lateral aspect, right: frontal aspect. Scale bar 1 mm. 

Figure 1. Adults of Neopalpa species. af N. neonata gj N. donaldtrumpi sp. n.
N. neonata: a holotype ♂ EMEC82306 (CA: Santa Catalina Island) b paratype ♂ EMEC342305 (Mexico: Baja California Sur) c ♀ CNCLEP00077350 (CA: Santa Cruz Island) d ♀ EMEC407544 (CA: Santa Cruz Island) e ♂ LACMENT326744 (CA: San Bernardino County) f ♀ EMEC408849 (CA: Modoc County);
N. donaldtrumpi sp. n.: g Holotype ♂ UCBMEP0201628 (CA: Imperial County) h Paratype ♀ UCBMEP0201482 (CA: Imperial County) i Paratype ♂ UCBMEP0201629 (CA: Imperial County) j Paratype ♂ EMEC408498 (Mexico: Baja California Sur).  Scale bar 2 mm. 

Etymology: The new species is named in honor of Donald J. Trump, to be installed as the 45th President of the United States on January 20, 2017. The reason for this choice of name is to bring wider public attention to the need to continue protecting fragile habitats in the US that still contain many undescribed species. The specific epithet is selected because of the resemblance of the scales on the frons (head) of the moth to Mr. Trump’s hairstyle. The name is a noun in the genitive case.

Distribution: So far only known from Riverside and Imperial counties in southern California and Baja California in Mexico.

Biology: Specimens collected at mercury-vapour light, black-light or Malaise trap in February, April, June and August, in dry or sandy habitats. Life history and host plant unknown.


 Vazrick Nazari. 2017. Review of Neopalpa Povolný, 1998 with Description of A New Species from California and Baja California, Mexico (Lepidoptera, Gelechiidae).
ZooKeys. 646: 79-94. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.646.11411



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