Thursday, December 28, 2017

[Herpetology • 2017] Bryophryne mancoinca • A New Species of Bryophryne (Anura: Strabomantidae) from the Cordillera de Vilcabamba, southeastern Peruvian Andes


Bryophryne mancoinca 
Mamani, Catenazzi, Ttito, Mallqui & Chaparro, 2017


Abstract

We describe a new species of Bryophryne from the Cordillera de Vilcabamba in Department Cusco, in the southeastern Peruvian Andes. The new species differs from all other congeneric taxa, except B. flammiventris and B. gymnotis, by possessing a weakly defined tympanic membrane and tympanic annulus, by the presence of vocal sac and vocal slits in males, and by producing advertisement calls. The new species is distinguished from B. flammiventris and B. gymnotis by skin texture, presence of small, oblique dentigerous processes on the vomer, ventral coloration ranging from bluish-gray to whitish-gray with irregular or reticulate dark brown spots, and call composed of two or three notes. The new species is further characterized by having dorsal skin shagreen with tubercles, discontinuous dorsolateral folds, skin smooth on ventral surfaces of the body, and lateral fringes on fingers and toes. This species was found at the transition from montane forest to high Andean puna, where it occurs in moist microhabitats under moss and rocks at elevations from 3519 to 3707 m a.s.l.

Keywords: amphibians, Brachycephaloidea, Choquequirao Archeological Complex, humid grassland, Terrarana


Figure 2. Dorsal and ventral views of adult Bryophryne mancoinca sp. nov.
 
A–B, female (MUBI 1152, Holotype); C–D, male (MUBI 11149); E–F, male (MUBI 11150); G–H, male (MUBI 11153); I–J, female (MUBI 16069); and K–L, female (MUBI 16069).
Photos by Luis Mamani.

Bryophryne mancoinca sp. nov.

Etymology: The specific epithet refers to the most important Inca of Vilcabamba, Manco Inca, who was the leader of the last Incan resistance in southeastern Peru.


Figure 2. Dorsal and ventral views of adult Bryophryne mancoinca sp. nov.  
A–B, female (MUBI 1152, Holotype); C–D, male (MUBI 11149); E–F, male (MUBI 11150); G–H, male (MUBI 11153); I–J, female (MUBI 16069); and K–L, female (MUBI 16069). Photos by Luis Mamani. 


Luis Mamani, Alessandro Catenazzi, Alex Ttito, Sergio Mallqui and Juan C. Chaparro. 2017. A New Species of Bryophryne (Anura: Strabomantidae) from the Cordillera de Vilcabamba, southeastern Peruvian Andes.  Phyllomedusa. 16(2); 129-141. DOI: 10.11606/issn.2316-9079.v16i2p129-141

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