Throughout the years, three infrageneric classifications were proposed for Tradescantia along with several informal groups and species complexes. The current infrageneric classification accepts 12 sections – with T. sect. Tradescantia being further divided into four series – and assimilates many concepts adopted by previous authors. Recent molecular-based phylogenetic studies indicate that the currently accepted sections might not represent monophyletic groups within Tradescantia. Based on newly gathered morphological data on the group, complemented with available micromorphological, cytological and phytochemical data, I present the first morphology-based evolutionary hypothesis for Tradescantia. Furthermore, I reduce subtribe Thyrsantheminae to a synonym of subtribe Tradescantiinae, and propose a new infrageneric classification for Tradescantia, based on the total evidence of the present morphological phylogeny, in accordance to the previously published molecular data.
Keywords: Commelinales, Elasis, Gibasis, inflorescence morphology, Tradescantieae, spiderworts
Marco O. O. Pellegrini. 2017. Morphological Phylogeny of Tradescantia L. (Commelinaceae) sheds light on A New Infrageneric Classification for the Genus and Novelties on the Systematics of subtribe Tradescantiinae. PhytoKeys. 89: 11-72. DOI: 10.3897/phytokeys.89.20388