Tuesday, October 10, 2017

[Ornithology • 2017] Taxonomic Status of Parotia berlepschi Kleinschmidt, 1897 (Aves: Paradisaeidae) based on Analysis of External Appearance, Voice and Behavior


Parotia berlepschi  Kleinschmidt, 1897
Scholes, Beehler & Laman. 2017. Taxonomic Status of Parotia berlepschi based on .... 

photo: Tim Laman  nationalgeographic.com 

Abstract

Described from trade-skins of unknown origins, Parotia berlepschi Kleinschmidt, 1897 was the subject of a longstanding ornithological mystery that remained unresolved for well over a century. With few specimens and no known wild population, most taxonomic assessments over the last century have treated P. berlepschi as a subspecies of Parotia carolae Meyer, 1894. Following discovery of its geographical home in 2005, most authorities returned to giving P. berlepschi full species status. However, evidence supporting the delineation of P. berlepschi from P. carolae has not yet been fully articulated in the literature. Here, we assess phenotypic differentiation and the taxonomic status of P. berlepschi relative to P. carolae based on specimens and recordings of wild birds. With regard to external appearance and voice, which are important intersexual signals among polygynous birds-of-paradise, our analysis confirms that P. berlepschi is well-differentiated from P. carolae and should be treated as specifically distinct. Evidence for differentiation in courtship behavior is inconclusive and requires further study.

Keywords:  Aves, New Guinea, Foja Mountains, Bronze Parotia, bird-of-paradise, courtship phenotype, lectotype

male Berlepsch’s Six-wired Bird of Paradise, Parotia berlepschi.
photo: Bruce Beehler 

A male bronze parotia bird of paradise on the perch at his display court, holding a leaf fragment in his bill as part of his display.

 Parotia berlepschi Kleinschmidt, 1897 

photo: Tim Laman  nationalgeographic.com  


Edwin Scholes, Bruce M. Beehler and Timothy G. Laman. 2017. Taxonomic Status of Parotia berlepschi Kleinschmidt, 1897 based on Analysis of External Appearance, Voice and Behavior (Aves: Paradisaeidae). Zootaxa. 4329(6); 560–573.  DOI:  10.11646/zootaxa.4329.6.2

“Lost Bird of Paradise Found, In Paradise | @GrrlScientist” by @GrrlScientist medium.com/@GrrlScientist/lost-bird-of-paradise-found-in-paradise-grrlscientist-2364da02ec80

   

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