Monday, November 14, 2016

[Ichthyology • 2016] Eidinemacheilus proudlovei • A New Subterranean Loach (Teleostei; Nemacheilidae) from Iraqi Kurdistan

Eidinemacheilus proudlovei  
Freyhof, Abdullah, Ararat, Ibrahim & Geiger. 2016

FIGURE 4. Eidinemacheilus proudlovei, alive, not preserved, 45 mm SL; Iraqi Kurdistan: Ephemeral spring in Tabeen Gorge.
photo: Younis Sabir Abdullah.   DOI:  10.11646/zootaxa.4173.3.2 


Eidinemacheilus proudlovei, new species, is described from subterranean waters in the Little Zab River drainage in Iraqi Kurdistan. After the discovery of E. smithi in 1976, E. proudlovei is the second troglomorphic nemacheilid loach found in the Middle East and the second species placed in Eidinemacheilus. Eidinemacheilus proudlovei is distinguished from E. smithi by having 8+8 or 8+7 branched caudal-fin rays, no adipose keel on the caudal peduncle, enlarged jaws and a fully developed head canal system. It furthers differs substantially in its DNA barcode (>8% K2P distance) from all other nemacheilid loaches in the Middle East, Europe and Western India. 

Keywords: Pisces, Freshwater fish, Middle East, Kurdistan, Iraq, troglomorphic, new species, DNA barcoding, cave fishes, subterranean fishes

Eidinemacheilus proudlovei is the name given by researchers from IGB and ZMFK to the new species of fish they described together with colleagues from Kurdistan.
photo: Younis Sabir Abdullah 

Etymology. Named for Graham Proudlove (Manchester Museum, the University of Manchester), a world expert on subterranean fishes, for his continuous efforts documenting the diversity of troglomorphic fishes. 

Freyhof, J., Younis S. Abdullah, Korsh Ararat, Hamad Ibrahim & Matthias F. Geiger. 2016. Eidinemacheilus proudlovei, A New Subterranean Loach from Iraqi Kurdistan (Teleostei; Nemacheilidae). Zootaxa. 4173(3): 225–236.  DOI:  10.11646/zootaxa.4173.3.2

Blind species of fish discovered by chance in Kurdistan via @physorg_com

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