Wednesday, August 8, 2012

[Herpetology • 2012] Prince Charles Stream Tree Frog | Hyloscirtus princecharlesi : In Honor of Prince Charles Conservation Efforts • Molecular phylogenetics of stream treefrogs of the Hyloscirtus larinopygion group (Anura: Hylidae), and description of two new species from Ecuador


 Hyloscirtus princecharlesi
Prince of Wales stream treefrog or Prince Charles Torrenteer 
Coloma, Carvajal-Endara, Dueñas, Paredes-Recalde, Morales-Mite, Almeida-Reinoso, Tapia, Hutter, Toral, & Guayasamin 2012

We describe two sympatric new species of Hyloscirtus from northwestern Ecuador: Hcriptico sp. nov. and H. princecharlesi sp. nov. We diagnose them by their phylogenetic position (they are not sister to each other), genetic divergence, and a unique combination of color patterns, and other morphological features.
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Most species of the  Hlarinopygion group are currently severely threatened by extinction, after surviving the catastrophic extinctions in the 1980s and 1990s that led to the disappearance of many other sympatric anurans that bred in swiftly flowing water and had lotic water tadpoles in the Andean highlands. Research and conservation actions are urgently needed for these species. In order to better call attention to these conservation issues, we name one of the new species in honor of Prince Charles of Wales, who is contributing significantly to the growth of awareness in the battle against tropical deforestation, climate change, and the catastrophic extinction of rainforest amphibians.

Key words: Anura; Ecuador; Calls; Conservation; Extinction; Hylidae; Hyloscirtus criptico sp. nov.; Hyloscirtus larinopygionHyloscirtus lindaeHyloscirtus pantostictusHyloscirtus princecharlesi sp. nov.; Hyloscirtus psarolaimusHyloscirtus ptychodactylusHyloscirtus staufferorumHyloscirtus tigrinus; Morphology; New species; Osteology; Phylogeny; Systematics; Tadpoles


 

Etymology. The specific name princecharlesi is a patronym that honors His Royal Highness Charles, Prince of Wales (Charles, Philip, Arthur, George, Windsor). In his call to halt tropical deforestation, Prince Charles uses frogs as symbols, and his Rainforests SOS Campaign includes a video with a frog as a rainforest ambassador. For this reason he is affectionately known by the media as the ‘frog prince’. Prince Charles is contributing significantly to the growth of awareness in the battle against tropical deforestation, climate change, and the catastrophic extinction of rainforest amphibians. His work is leading to increased awareness of these issues, and this increased awareness benefits biodiversity conservation, sustainability, alleviation of poverty, and ensures ecosystem services for present and future generations.



Prince Charles Torrenteer Hyloscirtus princecharlesi2012 © Tropical Herping

Meet Prince Charles The Frog Prince  

FIGURE 1.— Eleven species of frogs of the Hyloscirtus larinopygion group included in this study: (A) H. criptico, CJ 313, (B) Hlarinopygion, QCAZ 41826, (C) H. lindae, QCAZ 41298, (D) H. pacha, QCAZ (sc 32420), (E) H. pantostictus, no number associated, (F)  H. princecharlesi, QCAZ 44893, (G)  H. psarolaimus,  QCAZ 31671, (H)  H. ptychodactylus,  no number associated, (I)  Hstaufferorum, QCAZ 45962, (J) H. tapichalaca, QCAZ (sc 29217), and (K) H. tigrinus, QCAZ 40331. Not to scale. Photos by Luis A. Coloma.


FIGURE 6.— Holotypes of (A) Hyloscirtus criptico (CJ 311), and (B) H. princecharlesi (CJ 308). Photos by Luis A. Coloma.

Cryptic Torrenteer Hyloscirtus cryptic2012 © Tropical Herping

Luis A. Coloma, Sofía Carvajal-Endara, Juan F. Dueñas, Arturo Paredes-Recalde, Manuel Morales-Mite, Diego Almeida-Reinoso, Elicio E. Tapia, Carl R. Hutter, Eduardo Toral, & Juan M. Guayasamin. 2012. Molecular phylogenetics of stream treefrogs of the Hyloscirtus larinopygion group (Anura: Hylidae), and description of two new species from Ecuador. Zootaxa. 3364: 78 pp.

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