Saturday, November 16, 2019

[Paleontology • 2019] Fukuipteryx prima • An Unusual Bird (Theropoda, Avialae) from the Early Cretaceous of Japan suggests Complex Evolutionary History of Basal Birds


Fukuipteryx prima
Imai, Azuma, Kawabe, Shibata, Miyata, Wang & Zhou, 2019

(artwork by M. Yoshida)

Abstract
The Early Cretaceous basal birds were known largely from just two-dimensionally preserved specimens from north-eastern China (Jehol Biota), which has hindered our understanding of the early evolution of birds. Here, we present a three-dimensionally-preserved skeleton (FPDM-V-9769) of a basal bird from the Early Cretaceous of Fukui, central Japan. Unique features in the pygostyle and humerus allow the assignment of FPDM-V-9769 to a new taxon, Fukuipteryx prima. FPDM-V-9769 exhibits a set of features comparable to that of other basalmost birds including Archaeopteryx. Osteohistological analyses indicate that FPDM-V-9769 is subadult. Phylogenetic analyses resolve F. prima as a non-ornithothoracine avialan basal to Jeholornis and outgroup of the Pygostylia. This phylogenetic result may imply a complex evolutionary history of basal birds. To our knowledge, FPDM-V-9769 represents the first record of the Early Cretaceous non-ornithothoracine avialan outside of the Jehol Biota and increases our understanding of their diversity and distribution during the time.


Figure 1: FPDM-V-9769. a Photograph. A box indicates where a sample was taken for osteohistological analyses. b Schematic line drawing of the skeletons. Abbreviations: cev cervical vertebra, co coracoid, dv dorsal vertebra, fe femur, fu furcula, hu humerus, il ilium, mc metacarpal, md manual digit, py pygostyle, ra radius, sv sacral vertebra, ti tibia, ul ulna. Scale bars equal 3 cm in a and b

Figure 2: Reconstructions and restoration. a–c Skeletal reconstructions of FPDM-V-9769 in cranial (a), dorsal (b), and left-lateral (c) views. d Life restoration of Fukuipteryx prima (artwork by M. Yoshida). One side of a cube in each image equals 1 cm

Systematic palaeontology
Theropoda Marsh, 1881
Maniraptora Gauthier, 1986
Avialae Gauthier, 1986

Fukuipteryx prima gen. et sp. nov.


Etymology: Fukui refers to Fukui Prefecture in central Japan, where the specimen was collected, and pteryx (Latin) for wingprima (Latin) for primitive, as the species exhibits several primitive morphological features among fossil birds.

Diagnosis: A pigeon-sized non-ornithothoracine avialan with the following autapomorphies: semicircular depression on the craniodorsal corner of the humeral head, dorsally bowed humeral shaft, and robust pygostyle with incipient spinal processes and paddle-like structure at the distal end.

Holotype: FPDM-V-9769 (FPDM: Fukui Prefectural Dinosaur Museum, Fig. 1), a disarticulated but closely associated skeleton, including right surangular; two cervicals; four dorsals including two nearly complete ones, an isolated centrum, and incomplete vertebral arch; incomplete synsacrum composed of two sacrals; five caudals; pygostyle; several dorsal ribs; incomplete furcula; incomplete left and right coracoids; incomplete right ilium; forelimbs including left humerus, incomplete left and complete right ulna, complete left and incomplete right radius, right major metacarpal, left minor metacarpal, left alular digit 1, left major digits 2 and 3, minor digits 3 and 4; and hindlimbs including left and right femur; left and right incomplete tibia; and variably preserved metatarsals II (left), III (incomplete left), and IV (complete left and incomplete right).

Type locality and horizon: Kitadani Dinosaur Quarry in the northern part of the city of Katsuyama, Fukui, Japan (Supplementary Fig. 1); the Lower Cretaceous Kitadani Formation (Aptian)23 (see Supplementary Notes for further details).



Takuya Imai, Yoichi Azuma, Soichiro Kawabe, Masateru Shibata, Kazunori Miyata, Min Wang and Zhonghe Zhou. 2019. An Unusual Bird (Theropoda, Avialae) from the Early Cretaceous of Japan suggests Complex Evolutionary History of Basal Birds. Communications Biology. 2: 399.  nature.com/articles/s42003-019-0639-4



41 comments:

  1. HOW I GOT MY HUSBAND BACK WITH THE HELP OF PRIEST WISDOM CONTACT ON WHATS_APP NUMBER +2348124644470

    This is my testimony about the good work of priest wisdom who help me.... I'm Ann Earnis from north Carolina USA. And am sorry for putting this on net but i will have to, by this world best spell caster that brought back my husband who left me out for past 3 years, i eventually met this man on a blog site posting by one of is client for help, i explained everything to him and he told me about a spell caster that he had heard about and he gave me an email address to write to the spell caster to tell him my problems. In just 1 days, my husband was back to me. I just want to say thank you to this truthful and sincere spell caster, sir all you told me have come to pass and thank you sir. Please i want to tell everyone who is looking for any solution to their problem, i advice you to kindly consult this spell caster, he is real,he is powerful and whatever the spell caster tell is what will happen, because all what the spell caster told me came to pass. You can kindly contact him on: his email address is supernaturalspell1@gmail.com or directly on whats-app +2348124644470  or   https://supernaturalspell21.blogspot.com/  

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Powerful Love Spell- Get Your Ex Wife/Husband Back Urgently..My name is tasha mira from FL Usa, I want to quickly tell the world that there is a real online spell caster that is powerful and genuine, his name is Dr ojoka he helped me recently to reunite my Marriage back with my wife who left me, When i contacted Dr ojoka he cast an urgent love spell for me, and my wife who said she doesn't have anything to do with me again called me and started begging me to come back. she is back now with so much love and care. today i am glad to let you all know that this spell caster have the powers to restore broken marriage/relationship back. because i am now happy with my wife. to anyone who is reading this article and needs any help, Dr ojoka can also offer any type of help like, Curing of all types of Diseases, Court Cases, Pregnancy Spell, urgent love spell,Spiritual protection and lot's more. You can contact him Via his email drojokaspelltemple@gmail .com for more info, whatsapp/call...+2348144172934  















































































      Powerful Love Spell- Get Your Ex Wife/Husband Back Urgently..My name is tasha mira from FL Usa, I want to quickly tell the world that there is a real online spell caster that is powerful and genuine, his name is Dr ojoka he helped me recently to reunite my Marriage back with my wife who left me, When i contacted Dr ojoka he cast an urgent love spell for me, and my wife who said she doesn't have anything to do with me again called me and started begging me to come back. she is back now with so much love and care. today i am glad to let you all know that this spell caster have the powers to restore broken marriage/relationship back. because i am now happy with my wife. to anyone who is reading this article and needs any help, Dr ojoka can also offer any type of help like, Curing of all types of Diseases, Court Cases, Pregnancy Spell, urgent love spell,Spiritual protection and lot's more. You can contact him Via his email drojokaspelltemple@gmail .com for more info, whatsapp/call...+2348144172934  

      Delete

    2. Hello Everybody,
      My name is Ahmad Asnul Brunei, I contacted Mr Osman Loan Firm for a business loan amount of $250,000, Then i was told about the step of approving my requested loan amount, after taking the risk again because i was so much desperate of setting up a business to my greatest surprise, the loan amount was credited to my bank account within 24 banking hours without any stress of getting my loan. I was surprise because i was first fall a victim of scam! If you are interested of securing any loan amount & you are located in any country, I'll advise you can contact Mr Osman Loan Firm via email osmanloanserves@gmail.com

      LOAN APPLICATION INFORMATION FORM
      First name......
      Middle name.....
      2) Gender:.........
      3) Loan Amount Needed:.........
      4) Loan Duration:.........
      5) Country:.........
      6) Home Address:.........
      7) Mobile Number:.........
      8) Email address..........
      9) Monthly Income:.....................
      10) Occupation:...........................
      11)Which site did you here about us.....................
      Thanks and Best Regards.
      Derek Email osmanloanserves@gmail.com

      Delete



    3. HOW I GOT MY  WIFE  BACK FAST whatsapp +2348124644470

      I’m just upset that I have been scammed so many times. Thank you  PRIEST WISDOM, I wished I would have found you earlier, would have saved me a lot of pain and money. I have tried many spell casters, white magic, energy healers you name it I have tried it none of them worked they promised me the moon and that I would get my ex girlfriend back, I didn’t she’s now engaged to another woman. I spent a small fortune enough to take my dream trip to South America but what’s the point in taking a dream trip without the love of my life. PRIEST WISDOM has given me hope and her honesty is a breath of fresh air, it feels good not to get scammed his email. Supernaturalspell1@gmail.com Text or Call whatsapp  +2348124644470






















      HOW I GOT MY  WIFE  BACK FAST whatsapp +2348124644470

      I’m just upset that I have been scammed so many times. Thank you  PRIEST WISDOM, I wished I would have found you earlier, would have saved me a lot of pain and money. I have tried many spell casters, white magic, energy healers you name it I have tried it none of them worked they promised me the moon and that I would get my ex girlfriend back, I didn’t she’s now engaged to another woman. I spent a small fortune enough to take my dream trip to South America but what’s the point in taking a dream trip without the love of my life. PRIEST WISDOM has given me hope and her honesty is a breath of fresh air, it feels good not to get scammed his email. Supernaturalspell1@gmail.com Text or Call whatsapp  +2348124644470
























      HOW I GOT MY  WIFE  BACK FAST whatsapp +2348124644470

      I’m just upset that I have been scammed so many times. Thank you  PRIEST WISDOM, I wished I would have found you earlier, would have saved me a lot of pain and money. I have tried many spell casters, white magic, energy healers you name it I have tried it none of them worked they promised me the moon and that I would get my ex girlfriend back, I didn’t she’s now engaged to another woman. I spent a small fortune enough to take my dream trip to South America but what’s the point in taking a dream trip without the love of my life. PRIEST WISDOM has given me hope and her honesty is a breath of fresh air, it feels good not to get scammed his email. Supernaturalspell1@gmail.com Text or Call whatsapp  +2348124644470
      ...

      Delete
    4. Hello my name is Jenna i want to share my amazing experience with the greatest spell caster Priest Ade my husband was cheating on me and when i found out we had a fight which lead to him filling for a divorce i cried and fell sick when i was searching about love quotes online i saw people talking about him and his great work whose case was similar to mine they left his contact info i contacted him and he told me not to worry that after 24hrs he will cancel the divorce and be back to me after i did everything he asked me to do to my greatest surprise the next day evening it was my husband he knelt down begging me to accept him back,thank you once again Priest Ade you are indeed a blessing to me he can also help you contact ancientspiritspellcast@yahoo.com or ancientspiritspellcast@gmail.com 
      https://ancientspiritspellcast12.wordpress.com

      Blog: https://priestade.blogspot.com
      Website http://ancientspiritspellcast.website2.me

      WhatsApp +2347059715465  .







      Hello my name is Jenna i want to share my amazing experience with the greatest spell caster Priest Ade my husband was cheating on me and when i found out we had a fight which lead to him filling for a divorce i cried and fell sick when i was searching about love quotes online i saw people talking about him and his great work whose case was similar to mine they left his contact info i contacted him and he told me not to worry that after 24hrs he will cancel the divorce and be back to me after i did everything he asked me to do to my greatest surprise the next day evening it was my husband he knelt down begging me to accept him back,thank you once again Priest Ade you are indeed a blessing to me he can also help you contact ancientspiritspellcast@yahoo.com or ancientspiritspellcast@gmail.com 
      https://ancientspiritspellcast12.wordpress.com

      Blog: https://priestade.blogspot.com
      Website http://ancientspiritspellcast.website2.me

      WhatsApp +2347059715465  .







      Hello my name is Jenna i want to share my amazing experience with the greatest spell caster Priest Ade my husband was cheating on me and when i found out we had a fight which lead to him filling for a divorce i cried and fell sick when i was searching about love quotes online i saw people talking about him and his great work whose case was similar to mine they left his contact info i contacted him and he told me not to worry that after 24hrs he will cancel the divorce and be back to me after i did everything he asked me to do to my greatest surprise the next day evening it was my husband he knelt down begging me to accept him back,thank you once again Priest Ade you are indeed a blessing to me he can also help you contact ancientspiritspellcast@yahoo.com or ancientspiritspellcast@gmail.com 
      https://ancientspiritspellcast12.wordpress.com

      Blog: https://priestade.blogspot.com
      Website http://ancientspiritspellcast.website2.me

      WhatsApp +2347059715465  .

      Delete
    5. Contact Dr Raypower at urgentspellcast@gmail.com if you want to get your Husband, Wife, Boyfriend and Girlfriend back now and regain your happiness.

      Hi i am Laura Christ from USA I have just experience the wonders of Dr. Raypower love spell, that have been spread on the internet and worldwide, How he marvelously helped people all over the world to restored back their marriage life and get back lost lovers, and also help to win lottery. I contacted him after going through so many testimonies from different people how he help to bring back ex lover back, i told him about my husband that abandoned me about 8 months ago, and left home with all i had.. Dr Raypower only told me to smile and have a rest of mind he will handle all in just 24 hours, After the  second day my husband called me, i was just so shocked, i pick the call and couldn't believe my ears, he was really begging me to forgive him and making promises on phone.. He came back home and also got me a new car just for him to proof his love for me. i was so happy and called Dr Raypower and thanked him, he only told me to share the good news all over the world .. Well if you need an effective and real spell caster contact Dr Raypower Via email: urgentspellcast@gmail.com or urgentspellcast@yahoo.com or Call or WhatsApp: +1 (424) 330-8109 and also see more reviews about him on his website: http://urgentspellcast.website2.me/ 

      Delete


    6. When I found PRIEST WISDOM I was in desperate need of bringing my ex lover back. He left me for another woman. It happened so fast and I had no say in the situation at all. He just dumped me after 3 years with no explanation. I contact PRIEST WISDOM  and He told me  what i need to do before he can help me and i did what he told me to, after i provided what he wanted, he cast a love spell to help us get back together. Shortly after he did his spell, my boyfriend started texting me again and felt horrible for what he just put me through. He said that I was the most important person in his life and he knows that now. We moved in together and he was more open to me than before and he started spending more time with me than before. Ever since PRIEST WISDOM helped me, my partner is very stable, faithful and closer to me than before. I highly recommends PRIEST WISDOM to anyone in need of help. Email: Supernaturalspell1@gmail.com . Call him or add him on whatsapp via: +2348124644470 PRIEST WISDOM BLOG PAGE: https://supernaturalspell21.blogspot.com/  



















      When I found PRIEST WISDOM I was in desperate need of bringing my ex lover back. He left me for another woman. It happened so fast and I had no say in the situation at all. He just dumped me after 3 years with no explanation. I contact PRIEST WISDOM  and He told me  what i need to do before he can help me and i did what he told me to, after i provided what he wanted, he cast a love spell to help us get back together. Shortly after he did his spell, my boyfriend started texting me again and felt horrible for what he just put me through. He said that I was the most important person in his life and he knows that now. We moved in together and he was more open to me than before and he started spending more time with me than before. Ever since PRIEST WISDOM helped me, my partner is very stable, faithful and closer to me than before. I highly recommends PRIEST WISDOM to anyone in need of help. Email: Supernaturalspell1@gmail.com . Call him or add him on whatsapp via: +2348124644470 PRIEST WISDOM BLOG PAGE: https://supernaturalspell21.blogspot.com/  























      When I found PRIEST WISDOM I was in desperate need of bringing my ex lover back. He left me for another woman. It happened so fast and I had no say in the situation at all. He just dumped me after 3 years with no explanation. I contact PRIEST WISDOM  and He told me  what i need to do before he can help me and i did what he told me to, after i provided what he wanted, he cast a love spell to help us get back together. Shortly after he did his spell, my boyfriend started texting me again and felt horrible for what he just put me through. He said that I was the most important person in his life and he knows that now. We moved in together and he was more open to me than before and he started spending more time with me than before. Ever since PRIEST WISDOM helped me, my partner is very stable, faithful and closer to me than before. I highly recommends PRIEST WISDOM to anyone in need of help. Email: Supernaturalspell1@gmail.com . Call him or add him on whatsapp via: +2348124644470 PRIEST WISDOM BLOG PAGE: https://supernaturalspell21.blogspot.com/  

      .........

      Delete
  2. Do you need a financial help?Are you in any financial crisis or do you need funds to start up your own business?Do you need funds to settle your debt or pay off your bills or start a good business?Do you have a low creditscore and you are finding it hard to obtain capital services from local banks and other financial institutes?Here is your chance to obtain a financial services from our company.We offer the following finance to individuals-
    *Commercial finance
    *Personal finance
    *Business finance
    *Construction finance
    *Business finance And many More:
    and many more at 3% interest rate;
    Contact Us Via Email: Personalloanesay@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  3. ¿Necesita ayuda financiera? ¿Está en alguna crisis financiera o necesita fondos para iniciar su propio negocio? ¿Necesita fondos para saldar su deuda o pagar sus facturas o iniciar un buen negocio? ¿Tiene un puntaje crediticio bajo? y le resulta difícil obtener servicios de capital de bancos locales y otros institutos financieros? Esta es su oportunidad de obtener servicios financieros de nuestra empresa. Ofrecemos el siguiente financiamiento a particulares:
    * Financiación comercial
    *Finanzas personales
    *Financiación de las empresas
    * Financiación de la construcción.
    * Finanzas empresariales y muchos más:
    y muchos más a una tasa de interés del 3%;
    Contáctenos por correo electrónico: Personalloanesay@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  4. HOW I GOT MY LOAN FROM THIS GREAT COMPANY

    Hello my dear people, I am Linda McDonald, currently living in Austin Texas, USA. I am a widow at the moment with three kids and i was stuck in a financial situation in April 2018 and i needed to refinance and pay my bills. I tried seeking loans from various loan firms both private and corporate but never with success, and most banks declined my credit ,do not full prey to those hoodlums at there that call them self-money lender they are all scam , all they want is your money and you well not hear from them again they have done it to me twice before I met Mr. David Wilson the most interesting part of it is that my loan was transfer to me within 74hours so I will advise you to contact Mr. David if you are interested in getting loan and you are sure you can pay him back on time you can contact him via email……… (davidwilsonloancompany4@gmail.com) No credit check, no cosigner with just 2% interest rate and better repayment plans and schedule if you must contact any firm with reference to securing a loan without collateral then contact Mr. David Wilson today for your loan

    They offer all kind of categories of loan they

    Short term loan (5_10years)
    Long term loan (20_40)
    Media term loan (10_20)
    They offer loan like
    Home loan............., Business loan........ Debt loan.......
    Student loan.........., Business startup loan
    Business loan......., Company loan.............. etc
    Email..........( davidwilsonloancompany4@gmail.com)
    When it comes to financial crisis and loan then David Wilson loan financial is the place to go please just tell him I Mrs. Linda McDonald direct you Good Luck.......................

    ReplyDelete
  5. GREAT LOVE SPELL CASTER PRIEST WISDOM THAT HELP ME SAVE MY RELATIONSHIP.TEXT OR ADD HIM UP ON WHATSAPP: +2348124644470

     My name is CLARA JAMES .i want to give thanks to PRIEST WISDOM for bringing back my ex husband.No one could have ever made me believe that the letter I’m about to write would actually one day be written. I was the world’s biggest skeptic. I never believed in magic spells or anything like this, but I was told by a reliable source (a very close co-worker) that Trust is a very dedicated, gifted, and talented person,It was one of the best things I have ever done. My love life was in shambles; I had been through two divorces and was on the brink of a third. I just couldn't face another divorce, and I wanted to try harder to make our relationship work, but my husband didn’t seem to care. and he brake up with me again.I was confuse and do not no what to do again,rather them to get in contact with PRIEST WISDOM . He did a love spell that make my husband come back to me. we are now very much happy with our self. PRIEST WISDOM make him to realize how much we love and need each other.This man is for REAL and for good.he can also help you to fix your broken relationship. I had my husband back! It was like a miracle! He suddenly wanted to go to marriage counseling, and we’re doing very, very well,in our love life.contact email Supernaturalspell1@gmail.com or his web page   https://supernaturalspell21.blogspot.com/     text or add him up on whatsApp at: +2348124644470

    ReplyDelete
  6. Powerful Love Spell- Get Your Ex Wife/Husband Back Urgently..My name is tasha mira from FL Usa, I want to quickly tell the world that there is a real online spell caster that is powerful and genuine, his name is Dr ojoka he helped me recently to reunite my Marriage back with my wife who left me, When i contacted Dr ojoka he cast an urgent love spell for me, and my wife who said she doesn't have anything to do with me again called me and started begging me to come back. she is back now with so much love and care. today i am glad to let you all know that this spell caster have the powers to restore broken marriage/relationship back. because i am now happy with my wife. to anyone who is reading this article and needs any help, Dr ojoka can also offer any type of help like, Curing of all types of Diseases, Court Cases, Pregnancy Spell, urgent love spell,Spiritual protection and lot's more. You can contact him Via his email drojokaspelltemple@gmail .com for more info, whatsapp/call...+2348144172934  

    ReplyDelete
  7. My business partner who we worked together for years referred me to bellido loan company because i need some amount of money to expand my business. I applied for a Business Loan through bellido loan company and my Loan Application was Granted with Required Document. You can Contact bellido loan company through the Company Email: bellidoloanfirm@gmail.com WhatsApp +1 770 648 3694 They are Trustworthy, reliable and Fast.

    ReplyDelete
  8. Hi, I’m christinah and I live in south africa. I’m here to share my own view to the world about how I was helped by Dr Paul  with his powerful spells for bringing back my boyfriend who neglected and broke up with me for the past 2 and half years. I can’t say much because I really don’t know how to express myself right now for I’m overwhelmed but I really want to appreciate and thank Dr Paul  for his honesty and gracious work in my life. Thank you so  much. Anyone reading this that needs his service can get in touch with him through his Whats-app number on +2349051441669 or via Email  on: astoriashrine@gmail.com       

    ReplyDelete
  9. EASY LOAN PROGRAM 
    During these uncertain economic times, many people are finding themselves faced with a situation where they could use some financial assistance. Whether it be for an emergency, home improvement, consolidating debt or even a family vacation – a low interest personal loan is a safe and reliable way to meet your financial needs. At Alta Finance LLC, we specialize in Reliable and efficient Loan funding program. Contact us today using our company email: altafinancellcfunding@gmail.com or via text +1 702 805-0119

    ReplyDelete
  10. i got hpv from my boyfriend and i was trying all i could do to get rid of this virus over 4 months now i have taking a lot of drugs from different medical doctor which didn't work at all, last month i was doing some research on google on how to get cured totally from this virus i found someone testimony on how she got cured totally from hpv with the help of doc. onokun natural herbs and she drop doc onokun email address, So i decide to give him a try and i contact him for help he told how to purchase the natural herbs and i did that, Do you believe i only took this herbs for 2 weeks and i got cured permanently from the hpv virus without no side effect. Thank you so much doc onokun for the help i will make sure i tell the whole world about you. contact him if you need his help too via: Dronokunherbalcure@gmail.com

    ReplyDelete
  11. GOOD DAY AND WELCOME TO ASDA FINANCE LTD
    Do you need 100% Finance? I can fix your financial needs with a low intrest rate of 3%. Whatever your circumstances, self employed, retired, have a poor credit rating, we can help with our flexible repayment plan.

    please Contact us at:
    asdaservices24@gmail.com
    whatsapp +17042750147

    ReplyDelete
  12. I’m so excited my broken Marriage has been restored. “We recently made up, even though it was difficult. It’s been more than a month now, and everything feels like it’s returned to normal. He has began to treat me better, and it’s been a healing process for both of us. The nightmare that had lasted for almost 2 years before we broke up is finally over. It’s like we fell in love all over again! We’ve both put the past behind us, and are trying to move forward – and for the first time in a long time, the future looks a lot brighter. I can’t express in words how grateful I am Dr Great! It’s like we’ve finally rediscovered those things about each other that made us fall in love in the first place. All of the worrying and stress has simply vanished. Thank you Dr Great for saving my broken Marriage and brought my husband back to me!”. Me and my husband are living together happily again.. All thanks to Dr Great. If you have any problem contact Dr Great now and i guarantee you that he will help you contact him through

    infinitylovespell@gmail.com or infinitylovespell@yahoo.com

    WhatsApp +2348118829899

    website http://infinitylovespell.website2.me/

     blog http://infinitylovespell1.blogspot.com

    ReplyDelete
  13. I’m so excited my broken Marriage has been restored. “We recently made up, even though it was difficult. It’s been more than a month now, and everything feels like it’s returned to normal. He has began to treat me better, and it’s been a healing process for both of us. The nightmare that had lasted for almost 2 years before we broke up is finally over. It’s like we fell in love all over again! We’ve both put the past behind us, and are trying to move forward – and for the first time in a long time, the future looks a lot brighter. I can’t express in words how grateful I am Dr Great! It’s like we’ve finally rediscovered those things about each other that made us fall in love in the first place. All of the worrying and stress has simply vanished. Thank you Dr Great for saving my broken Marriage and brought my husband back to me!”. Me and my husband are living together happily again.. All thanks to Dr Great. If you have any problem contact Dr Great now and i guarantee you that he will help you contact him through

    infinitylovespell@gmail.com or infinitylovespell@yahoo.com

    WhatsApp +2348118829899

    website http://infinitylovespell.website2.me/

     blog http://infinitylovespell1.blogspot.com

    ReplyDelete
  14. Many people are making profits weekly and many are withdrawing their profits daily, weekly and even monthly. What are you waiting for? Contact Mrs Mary today. Send a message via gmail,,, (maryshea03@gmail.com) WhatsApp +15623847738 .Remember this is absolutely free!!!

    ReplyDelete
  15. I was so delighted to meet PRIEST AZIBA after a long time looking for help in order to fix the ups and downs with my boyfriend. We lived together for two years without any problems until this year when he started seeing another girl, When I tried talking to him, he decided to leave me for her which made me so heart broken after all we have been through together, he even stopped picking up my calls and also blocked me from calling him. I love him dearly and couldn't accept losing him that's why I decided to seek help from PRIEST AZIBA through his number +2348100368288, he helped me quickly in one day and as I speak my boyfriend is back to me with lots of love and respect like never before. Am expecting more good things to happen in our relationship.
    Get in contact with PRIEST AZIBA and He's also specialize in giving lottery winning numbers spells, Herbal Medicines E.T.C. Get connected Email: priestazibasolutioncenter@gmail.com Or WhatsApp : +2348100368288

    ReplyDelete
  16. HOW I GOT MY  WIFE  BACK FAST whatsapp +2348124644470

    I’m just upset that I have been scammed so many times. Thank you  PRIEST WISDOM, I wished I would have found you earlier, would have saved me a lot of pain and money. I have tried many spell casters, white magic, energy healers you name it I have tried it none of them worked they promised me the moon and that I would get my ex girlfriend back, I didn’t she’s now engaged to another woman. I spent a small fortune enough to take my dream trip to South America but what’s the point in taking a dream trip without the love of my life. PRIEST WISDOM has given me hope and her honesty is a breath of fresh air, it feels good not to get scammed his email. Supernaturalspell1@gmail.com Text or Call whatsapp  +2348124644470

    ReplyDelete
  17. HOW I GOT MY  WIFE  BACK FAST whatsapp +2348124644470

    I’m just upset that I have been scammed so many times. Thank you  PRIEST WISDOM, I wished I would have found you earlier, would have saved me a lot of pain and money. I have tried many spell casters, white magic, energy healers you name it I have tried it none of them worked they promised me the moon and that I would get my ex girlfriend back, I didn’t she’s now engaged to another woman. I spent a small fortune enough to take my dream trip to South America but what’s the point in taking a dream trip without the love of my life. PRIEST WISDOM has given me hope and her honesty is a breath of fresh air, it feels good not to get scammed his email. Supernaturalspell1@gmail.com Text or Call whatsapp  +2348124644470

    ReplyDelete
  18. HOW I GOT MY HUSBAND BACK WITH THE HELP OF PRIEST WISDOM CONTACT ON WHATS_APP NUMBER +2348124644470

    This is my testimony about the good work of priest wisdom who help me.... I'm Ann Earnis from north Carolina USA. And am sorry for putting this on net but i will have to, by this world best spell caster that brought back my husband who left me out for past 3 years, i eventually me t this man on a blog site posting by one of is client for help, i explained everything to him and he told me about a spell caster that he had heard about and he gave me an email address to write to the spell caster to tell him my problems. In just 1 days, my husband was back to me. I just want to say thank you to this truthful and sincere spell caster, sir all you told me have come to pass and thank you sir. Please i want to tell everyone who is looking for any solution to their problem, i advice you to kindly consult this spell caster, he is real,he is powerful and whatever the spell caster tell is what will happen, because all what the spell caster told me came to pass. You can kindly contact him on: his email address is supernaturalspell1@gmail.com or directly on whats-app +2348124644470  or   https://supernaturalspell21.blogspot.com/  

    ReplyDelete
  19. Hello my name is Jenna i want to share my amazing experience with the greatest spell caster Priest Ade my husband was cheating on me and when i found out we had a fight which lead to him filling for a divorce i cried and fell sick when i was searching about love quotes online i saw people talking about him and his great work whose case was similar to mine they left his contact info i contacted him and he told me not to worry that after 24hrs he will cancel the divorce and be back to me after i did everything he asked me to do to my greatest surprise the next day evening it was my husband he knelt down begging me to accept him back,thank you once again Priest Ade you are indeed a blessing to me he can also help you contact ancientspiritspellcast@yahoo.com or ancientspiritspellcast@gmail.com 
    https://ancientspiritspellcast12.wordpress.com

    Blog: https://priestade.blogspot.com
    Website http://ancientspiritspellcast.website2.me

    WhatsApp +2347059715465  .

    ReplyDelete
  20. Hello my name is Jenna i want to share my amazing experience with the greatest spell caster Priest Ade my husband was cheating on me and when i found out we had a fight which lead to him filling for a divorce i cried and fell sick when i was searching about love quotes online i saw people talking about him and his great work whose case was similar to mine they left his contact info i contacted him and he told me not to worry that after 24hrs he will cancel the divorce and be back to me after i did everything he asked me to do to my greatest surprise the next day evening it was my husband he knelt down begging me to accept him back,thank you once again Priest Ade you are indeed a blessing to me he can also help you contact ancientspiritspellcast@yahoo.com or ancientspiritspellcast@gmail.com 
    https://ancientspiritspellcast12.wordpress.com

    Blog: https://priestade.blogspot.com
    Website http://ancientspiritspellcast.website2.me

    WhatsApp +2347059715465  .

    ReplyDelete
  21. Contact Dr aluya  at http://Draluyaspelltempl.website2.me if you want to get your Husband, Wife, Boyfriend and Girlfriend back now and regain your happiness.

    My Dear friends online, My name is walden Ann

      And i live in USA, New York, I have to give this miraculous testimony, which is so unbelievable until now. I had a problem with my Ex husband 2 years ago, which lead to our break up. I was not myself again, i felt so empty inside me, my love and financial situation became worst, until a close friend of mine told me about a spell caster who helped her in the same problem too his name is Doctor Aluy I email the spell caster and i told him my problem and i did what he asked of me, to cut the long story short. Before i knew what was happen, less than two days my husband gave me a call and told me that he was coming back to me i was so happy to have him back to me. The most interesting part of the story is that am pregnant. Thanks to Doctor Aluya for saving my marriage and for also saving others own too. Continue your good work, If you are interested to contact the great spell caster email address: aluya.48hoursspelltemple@gmail.com Good Luck

    ReplyDelete

  22. MY HUSBAND LEFT ME FOR NO REASON. I WAS NO LONGER MY SELF AND AT A TIME, I ATTEMPTED TO COMMIT SUICIDE. BUT THANK GOD I CAME ACROSS ROBINSON BUCKLER ONLINE. I READ GOOD REVIEWS ABOUT HIS GOOD WORK AND HOW USEFUL AND HELPFUL HE HAS BEEN TO PEOPLE. I CONTACTED HIM AND TOLD HIM MY PROBLEM. HE TOLD ME THAT MY MAN WILL COME BACK TO ME. HE TOLD ME WHAT TO DO AND I DID IT AND TO MY GREAT SURPRISE MY HUSBAND CAME BACK JUST AS HE SAID. I EVEN NOTICED THAT WHEN MY HUSBAND RETURNED, HE EVEN LOVES ME MORE. THIS IS NOT BRAIN WASHING, CONTACT HIM NOW ON HER EMAIL: ROBINSONBUCKLER@YAHOO.COM ������������WEBSITE https://robinbuckler.com/ WHATSAPP NO. +15024438691

    ReplyDelete
  23. Hello everyone , here’s your opportunity for you to achieve your dreams of being a multi million dollar rich through trading , I once loss all I got through trading but was fortunate to come across a woman with great virtue and selfless heart (Mary ) i was introduce to her masterclass strategy while searching online which has revived me of all my losses and made me gain more and more . With her unique strategy you are entitled to daily signals and instant withdraw ,be rest assured of getting a refund of all your loss investment with any platform that has denied you in one way or the other in getting your money . Mrs Mary masterclass strategy is simply the best for beginners and those that are finding it difficult to succeed through trading she’ll help you with just a simple step . Email her ( maryshea03 @ Gmail .com) WhatsApp +1 562 384 7738 . Remember this is absolutely free!!!

    ReplyDelete
  24. After 5 years in marriage with my husband with 2 kids, my husband started acting weird and going out with other ladies and showed me cold love, on several occasions he threatens to divorce me if I dare question him about his affair with other ladies, I was totally devastated and confused until a old friend of mine told me about a spell caster on the internet called Dr Paul who help people with relationship and marriage problem by the powers of love spells, at first I doubted if such thing ever exists but decided to give it a try, when I contact him, he helped me cast a love spell and within 48 hours my husband came back to me and started apologizing, now he has stopped going out with other ladies and his with me for good and for real. Contact this great love spell caster for your relationship or marriage problem to be solved today via: astoriashrine@gmail.com or directly  WhatsApp: +2349051441669 Dr Paul...

    ReplyDelete
  25. Contact Dr Raypower at urgentspellcast@gmail.com if you want to get your Husband, Wife, Boyfriend and Girlfriend back now and regain your happiness.

    Hi i am Laura Christ from USA I have just experience the wonders of Dr. Raypower love spell, that have been spread on the internet and worldwide, How he marvelously helped people all over the world to restored back their marriage life and get back lost lovers, and also help to win lottery. I contacted him after going through so many testimonies from different people how he help to bring back ex lover back, i told him about my husband that abandoned me about 8 months ago, and left home with all i had.. Dr Raypower only told me to smile and have a rest of mind he will handle all in just 24 hours, After the  second day my husband called me, i was just so shocked, i pick the call and couldn't believe my ears, he was really begging me to forgive him and making promises on phone.. He came back home and also got me a new car just for him to proof his love for me. i was so happy and called Dr Raypower and thanked him, he only told me to share the good news all over the world .. Well if you need an effective and real spell caster contact Dr Raypower Via email: urgentspellcast@gmail.com or urgentspellcast@yahoo.com or Call or WhatsApp: +1 (424) 330-8109 and also see more reviews about him on his website: http://urgentspellcast.website2.me/ 

    ReplyDelete
  26. EFFECTIVE AND POWERFUL LOVE SPELL,LOTTERY SPELL,MONEY SPELL CASTER DR OJOKA +2348144172934
    What a miracle to have my ex back  and i need to share this great testimony... I just want to say thanks Dr ojoka for taking time to help me cast the spell that {now my husband},who suddenly lost interest in me after six month of engagement,but today we are married and we are more happier than never before, I am really short of words and joyful, and i don't know how much to my appreciation to you doctor ojoka you are a God sent to restore broken relationship.he deeply enjoy helping people achieve their desires, find true love,getting their ex lovers back,stop abusive relationships,find success,attract happiness,find soul mates and more,contact him today. and let him show you the wonders and amazement of his Love Spell System. He deliver results at his best in real spell casting,email him for help on dr.ojokaspelltemple@gmail.com or whats app  call him on +2348144172934

    ReplyDelete
  27. This is the website I read about Doctor Life and contacted him to help me get my ex girlfriend back to marry me during the month of May this year and I have come back here to post about him. Doctor Life will help you solve your problem no matter what you are going through. My name is sebi from USA. Posting about a spell caster is very strange to me because I never believed i will be able to say that I was helped by a spell caster in bringing my ex girlfriend back to me after 3 years of no contact. I read about Doctor Life from other websites and contacted him to help me and in less than 48 hours my ex girlfriend called me and I was happy that he wants to get back to me. We met on Friday and he proposed to me,… It was the most beautiful ring. Please everyone out here, Contact Doctor Life to solve your problem for you and make you happy with your relationship that is hurting you. Love is the best feeling ever experienced. Email him at drlifetemple@gmail.com or directly on whats App him +2347010538590 or him website https://lifetempleforhahhpiness.webs.com

    ReplyDelete
  28. I have been a victim of scam but when i saw a post regarding to a loan on how a woman with three kids got a loan from John Berry Loan Offer I was overwhelmed. I just got my loan approved 18th november 2019 and I received my loan 19th November 2019. If you are in any Financial crisis feel free to contact this private lender they give loan at 2% interest rate all over the world . Get your legitimate loan at John Berry Loan Offer and stop wasting your time with fake lenders. Contact them now via email: johnberryloanoffer280@gmail.com Thanks you John Berry Loan Offer I am grateful

    ReplyDelete
  29. HOW DR. UNEME brought back my ex lover unemespellben@gmail.com
    Am DONNA, am from UK. After been in a relationship with my Boyfriend for 1 year now and we were planning to get married soon and all of a sudden he left me for another girl. of a truth, I really love this guy and never can I imagine life without him. I further tried all my best to get him back but all my effort to get him back in my life did not work out. It was on this faithful day, I came across some Testimonies on a website about this great spell caster called (Dr. UNEME) any persons claimed that he help them to renew their relationship and bring their ex lover back, I had to contact him because he was my last hope. I contacted him through his email and he assured me that in three days time my boyfriend is going to leave the other girl and come back to me and it was a very great surprise to see my boyfriend coming back to me after three days the spell was done. I am so very happy today that he came back to me and i achieved this with the help of Dr UNEME I equally want to use this opportunity to Tell/Advice to as many who need their ex back, if you need his help you can Contact him through
    EMAIL: unemespellben@gmail.com WHATSAPP HIM @ +2348143813120


    Thank You Once Again Dr.UNEME

    ReplyDelete
  30. Please visit (http://dradodalovetemple.com) and also contact Dr.Adoda if you need a powerful love spell to fix your broken relationship..... I got a divorce from my husband when I was six months pregnant with my second child. We had been arguing and quarreling nonstop since the day our first child was conceived, no love nor trust from him anymore so he divorced me. And all these whiles, I have been trying all different means to get him back, I also tried some different spell casters here in the United States, but none of them could bring ( EDGARDO) back to me. It was only Dr.Adoda who guaranteed me an urgent 48 hours spell casting, and he assure me that my husband will be with me again. I am writing to offer my thanks and deep gratitude to you for keeping your promises and also save my marriage, and for using your gifted and great powers to bring (EDGARDO) my husband back home. I was thrilled to know that you are specialized in reuniting Lovers. Thank you Sir, for helping me through the worst times of my life, for being such a great spell caster, and for giving me a love spell that has brought me so much joy in my marriage. My husband is back and promise never to leave me again. If you doubt his ability, trust me. You should take a chance. It pays off in ways you could never even imagine. If you are their right now and you need a powerful and urgent love spell to bring back your ex kindly contact Dr.Adoda right now he is the only answer to restore your broken relationship or marriage. email (adodalovespelltemple440@gmail.com) or What-App his call phone number on +2348112825421.

    ReplyDelete
  31. Hello my name is Jenna i want to share my amazing experience with the greatest spell caster Priest Ade my husband was cheating on me and when i found out we had a fight which lead to him filling for a divorce i cried and fell sick when i was searching about love quotes online i saw people talking about him and his great work whose case was similar to mine they left his contact info i contacted him and he told me not to worry that after 24hrs he will cancel the divorce and be back to me after i did everything he asked me to do to my greatest surprise the next day evening it was my husband he knelt down begging me to accept him back,thank you once again Priest Ade you are indeed a blessing to me he can also help you contact ancientspiritspellcast@yahoo.com or ancientspiritspellcast@gmail.com 
    https://ancientspiritspellcast12.wordpress.com

    Blog: https://priestade.blogspot.com
    Website http://ancientspiritspellcast.website2.me

    WhatsApp +2347059715465  .

    ReplyDelete
  32. Hello all viewer online HIV has cure but doctor said Hiv/Aids has no cure until i met Dr LUCKY who help me in my life. I was infected with HIV/AIDS in 2015, i went to many hospitals for cure but there was no solution, so I was thinking how can I get a solution, so that my body can be okay. until this faithful day as i was browsing the net I saw a testimony on how Dr.LUCKY  helped people in curing HIV Disease, quickly I copied his Email which is drluckyherbalcure@gmail.com    so i contacted him for solution for my HIV, so Dr. LUCKY  told me that his going to prepare herbal medicine for my health, then he prepared the medicine and luckily after two week my hiv disease was be cured. Dr LUCKY is well recognize as one of the best herbalist doctor in Africa, you don't have to be sad anymore or share your tears anymore on this disease when the cure have already be found by Dr. LUCKY herbal medicine, he so cure HERPES,CANCER, ALS,HEPATITIS B, DIABETIC ,contact him on whats-app +2348154637647   

    ReplyDelete
  33. When I found PRIEST WISDOM I was in desperate need of bringing my ex lover back. He left me for another woman. It happened so fast and I had no say in the situation at all. He just dumped me after 3 years with no explanation. I contact PRIEST WISDOM  and He told me  what i need to do before he can help me and i did what he told me to, after i provided what he wanted, he cast a love spell to help us get back together. Shortly after he did his spell, my boyfriend started texting me again and felt horrible for what he just put me through. He said that I was the most important person in his life and he knows that now. We moved in together and he was more open to me than before and he started spending more time with me than before. Ever since PRIEST WISDOM helped me, my partner is very stable, faithful and closer to me than before. I highly recommends PRIEST WISDOM to anyone in need of help. Email: Supernaturalspell1@gmail.com . Call him or add him on whatsapp via: +2348124644470 PRIEST WISDOM BLOG PAGE: https://supernaturalspell21.blogspot.com/  

    ReplyDelete
  34. Sometimes our life go though some tough times but we should try and hold on. If you’re looking for a way to repair or improve your marriage, then I’m glad you have found Dr Sam, and I strongly suggest you get in touch with him. In here I document my efforts in seeking reconciliation with my Girlfriend who greatly surprised me when she broke up with me a few month ago. we had been having conflict, but I never thought it would cause she abandon me but all thanks to great Dr Sam who help me to bring back my ex Girlfriend back to me .you can contact him also Email: okokakspellhome@gmail.com or whatsApp him on +2349060421250

    ReplyDelete
  35. I'm 61 years old, I contracted hpv in 2011' I has be taking lot treatment for it and some months ago the wart stated coming out seriously, I used lot recommendation because there was lot warts around my anus and was so embarrassed. but today I'm totally happy I got the virus eliminated by using natural treatment from Dr Onokun herbal center after his treatment I got cured. all the warts went away' seriously believed Dr Onokun he have the cure for human papillomavirus because he has eliminated hpv been in my body since 2011, Dr Onokun make it possible for me. Here is Dr Onokun email to reach him: Dronokunherbalcure@gmail.com he is welled capable of curing terrible diseases.  

    ReplyDelete