|Fig. 8. Current distribution pattern of the genus Cylindrophis.|
Cylindrophis jodiae & C. mirzaeAmarasinghe, Campbell, Hallermann, Sidik, Supriatna & Ineich, 2015
The original description of Anguis ruffa (now Cylindrophis ruffus) given by Laurenti in 1768 is not sufficiently comprehensive for the morphological identification of the species, and the type locality, given as “Surinami,” is in error. However, Schlegel in 1844 corrected the type locality as “Java in Indonesia.” There is also, currently, no proof of the existence of a type specimen of Anguis ruffa. Therefore, we accept Schlegel’s correction of the type locality being Java. Anguis ruffa is here redescribed based on museum specimens collected from Java only. Because the original description of C. r. burmanus is insufficiently comprehensive we here redescribe this species using the presumed type series collected from Myanmar, and we also designate a lectotype. We examined a large number of Cylindrophis specimens deposited in European and Indonesian museums, using morphological and meristic characters, plus coloration. We identified four groups based on the number of scale rows around the midbody (17, 19, 21, and 23). Among the Cylindrophis collections at Natural History Museum, London and Muséum national d’Histoire naturelle, Paris, we have discovered several specimens which do not fit any recognized species descriptions. We here describe two new species chosen from among them: Cylindrophis jodiae sp. nov. from Vietnam and C. mirzae sp. nov. from Singapore. Finally, we provide color plates showing the different body colorations for all the recognized species in the genus Cylindrophis.
Key words. Biogeography, Indonesia, pipe snake, Singapore, taxonomy, Vietnam
|Current distribution pattern and Coloration of the genus Cylindrophis|
Amarasinghe, Campbell, Hallermann, Sidik, Supriatna & Ineich, 2015 Amphibian-Reptile-Conservation.org
• Cylindrophis ruffus (Laurenti 1768)
Anguis ruffa Laurenti 1768: 71. (Figs. 1, 8; Table 2)
Synonyms: Cylindrophis resplendens Wagler 1828: pl. 5, fig. 1.
Type locality, Java.
Cylindrophis rufa javanica Gray 1849: 112. Type locality, Java.
Proposed standard English name: Red-Tailed PipeSnake
Proposed standard Indonesian name: Ular Pipa Ekor Merah
• Cylindrophis burmanus Smith 1943
Cylindrophis rufus burmanus Smith 1943: 97
Proposed standard English name: Burmese Pipe-Snake
• Cylindrophis jodiae sp. nov. Amarasinghe, Ineich, Campbell & Hallermann
Proposed standard English name: Jodi’s Pipe-Snake
• Cylindrophis mirzae sp. nov. Amarasinghe, Ineich, Campbell & Hallermann
Proposed standard English name: Mirza’s Pipe-Snake
Proposed standard Indonesian name: Ular Pipa Mirza
• Cylindrophis aruensis Boulenger, 1920
• Cylindrophis boulengeri Roux, 1911
• Cylindrophis engkariensis Stuebing, 1994
• Cylindrophis isolepis Boulenger, 1896
• Cylindrophis lineatus Blanford, 1881
• Cylindrophis maculatus (Linnaeus, 1758)
• Cylindrophis melanotus Wagler, 1830
• Cylindrophis opisthorhodus Boulenger, 1897
• Cylindrophis yamdena Smith & Sidik, 1998
A.A. Thasun Amarasinghe, Patrick D. Campbell, Jakob Hallermann, Irvan Sidik, Jatna Supriatna and Ivan Ineich. 2015. Two New Species of the Genus Cylindrophis Wagler, 1828 (Squamata: Cylindrophiidae) from Southeast Asia. Amphibian & Reptile Conservation. 9(1) [General Section]: 34–51 (e98).