Paracaesio brevidentata, a new species of apsiline lutjanid fish from southeastern Indonesia, is described, bringing the total number of known species in this deepwater snapper genus to nine. The new species is distinguished from its congeners by the following combination of characters: very small teeth in jaws without enlarged canines, tubular lateral-line scales 71–73, pectoral-fin rays 18 or 19, caudal fin deeply forked, penultimate rays of soft dorsal and anal fins not longer than adjacent rays, snout short, maxilla scaly and body purplish brown and caudal fin reddish with upper and lower lobes similar in colour. Members of the genus are distinguished in a key. A specimen of Paracaesio caerulea from southeastern Indonesia represents the first record of this species from Indonesian waters.
Key words: Paracaesio, Lutjanidae, new species, new distribution record, Indonesia, Lombok
White, W.T. and Last, P.R. 2012. Paracaesio brevidentata n. sp., a new snapper (Lutjanidae: Apsilinae) from Indonesia. Zootaxa, 3418: 51-60.