Monday, February 18, 2013

[Mammalogy] Pangolins of the World (Family Manidae) | โลกของลิ่น


Family Manidae (Pangolins)

Pangolins of the World 

All 8 species of pangolin side by side for comparision. While varying in size and colour all eight species have scales, long curved claws for digging into termite mounds and an appetite for ants. 

ORDER PHOLIDOTA

Family Manidae | Subfamily Maninae 

Genus Manis
Subgenus Manis
Indian pangolin M. crassicaudata  ..........6.
Chinese pangolin M. pentadactyla  ..........2.
Asian giant pangolin M. paleojavanica  ............† (EX)

Subgenus Paramanis
Sunda pangolin M. javanica ..........3.
Philippine pangolin M. culionensis ..........4. 

Subgenus Smutsia
Giant pangolin M. gigantea  ...........5. 
Ground pangolin M. temmincki  ..........1. 

Subgenus Phataginus
Tree pangolin M. tricuspis  ..........8. 

Subgenus Uromanis
Long-tailed pangolin M. tetradactyla  ............7. 

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1. Cape pangolin or Temminck’s Ground Pangolin Smutsia temminckii
Angola, Botswana, Central African Republic, Chad, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe.

2. Chinese pangolin Manis pentadactyla
Bangladesh, Bhutan, China, Hong Kong, India, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Myanmar, Nepal, Taiwan, Thailand and Viet Nam.

3. Sunda pangolin or Malayan Pangolin Manis javanica
Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Thailand and Viet Nam.

4. Philippine Pangolin Manis culionensis
 Philippines

5. Giant ground pangolin Smutsia gigantea
Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, DR Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Uganda and United Republic of Tanzania.

6. Indian Pangolin or Thick-tailed Pangolin Manis crassicaudata
Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.

7. Long tailed Pangolin or Black-bellied Pangolin Uromanis tetradactyla
Cameroon, Congo, DR Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria and Sierra Leone.

8. Tree pangolin or African White-bellied Pangolin Phataginus tricuspis
Angola, Benin, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, DR Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Kenya, Liberia, Nigeria, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Togo, Uganda, United Republic of Tanzania and Zambia.


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