The Iranian subterranean species are reviewed, diagnoses are presented for Garra typhlops and Paracobitis smithi, and a new species is described. Garra lorestanensis, new species, from Loven Cave, the Tigris River drainage in Iran, is distinguished from its congeners by the combination of characters, including lacking pigment and eyes, having a well-developed mental disc, two pairs of barbels, and naked body.
Keywords: Loven Cave, Iranocypris typhlops, Nemacheilus smithi, Middle East.
Garra lorestanensis, new species
Holotype: VMFC GL-H, 55 mm SL. Iran, Lorestan prov.: Loven Cave, the Tigris River drainage, the Persian Gulf basin, 33°04'39"N 48°35'33"E, 23 April 2014, H. Mousavi-Sabet, A. Jouladeh-Roudbar & S. Vatandoust.
Etymology: The species name lorestanensis, treated as an adjective, is derived from Lorestan Province which including the Loven Cave, the type locality of the new species.
Hamed MOUSAVI-SABET and Soheil EAGDERI. 2016. Garra lorestanensis, A New Cave Fish from the Tigris River Drainage with Remarks on the Subterranean Fishes in Iran (Teleostei: Cyprinidae). FishTaxa. (2016) 1: 45-54 .