Thursday, August 7, 2014

[Paleontology • 2014] Laquintasaura venezuelae • A Palaeoequatorial Ornithischian and New Constraints on Early Dinosaur Diversification


Laquintasaura venezuelae Barrett, Butler, Mundil, Scheyer, Irmis & Sánchez-Villagra, 2014

Abstract
Current characterizations of early dinosaur evolution are incomplete: existing palaeobiological and phylogenetic scenarios are based on a fossil record dominated by saurischians and the implications of the early ornithischian record are often overlooked. Moreover, the timings of deep phylogenetic divergences within Dinosauria are poorly constrained owing to the absence of a rigorous chronostratigraphical framework for key Late Triassic–Early Jurassic localities. A new dinosaur from the earliest Jurassic of the Venezuelan Andes is the first basal ornithischian recovered from terrestrial deposits directly associated with a precise radioisotopic date and the first-named dinosaur from northern South America. It expands the early palaeogeographical range of Ornithischia to palaeoequatorial regions, an area sometimes thought to be devoid of early dinosaur taxa, and offers insights into early dinosaur growth rates, the evolution of sociality and the rapid tempo of the global dinosaur radiation following the end-Triassic mass extinction, helping to underscore the importance of the ornithischian record in broad-scale discussions of early dinosaur history.

Keywords: Ornithischia, end-Triassic extinction, Lower Jurassic, osteohistology, palaeobiogeography

Laquintasaura venezuelae



Barrett, Paul M.; Butler, Richard J.; Mundil, Roland; Scheyer, Torsten M.; Irmis, Randall B.; Sánchez-Villagra, Marcelo R. 2014. A Palaeoequatorial Ornithischian and New Constraints on Early Dinosaur Diversification. Proceedings of the Royal Society B. 281 (1791): 1–7. doi: dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2014.1147

Laquintasaura venezuelae: New Herbivorous Dinosaur Discovered in Venezuela

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