Tuesday, April 22, 2014

[Botany • 2014] Begonia wuzhishanensis • a new species (sect. Diploclinium, Begoniaceae) from Hainan Island, China


Begonia wuzhishanensis
C.-I Peng, X.H. Jin & S.M. Ku

Abstract
Background
Hainan is the largest island of the Indo-Burma Biodiversity Hotspot and has the best preserved and most extensive tropical forests in China. A recent study on distribution of endangered species in China identifies southern Hainan as one of eight hotspots for plant conservation in the country. In continuation of our studies of Asian Begonia, we report the discovery of an attractive undescribed species, B. wuzhishanensis C.-I Peng, X.H. Jin & S.M. Ku, from Hainan Island.
Results
Living plant of the new species, Begonia wuzhishanensis, was collected in 2009 and cultivated in the experimental greenhouse for morphological and cytological studies. It flowered consecutively in 2012 and 2013 in the experimental greenhouse, Academia Sinica. It was assigned to the large, heterogeneous sect. Diploclinium. The chromosome number of this new species was determined to be 2n = 26.
Conclusions
A careful study of literature, herbarium specimens and living plants, both in the wild and in cultivation, support the recognition of the new species Begonia wuzhishanensis, which is described in this paper. Begonia wuzhishanensis is currently known only from Fanyang, Wuzhishan Mountain in the center of the island. A line drawing, color plate, and a distribution map are provided to aid in identification.

Keywords: Begonia wuzhishanensis, Begoniaceae, Chromosome number, Flora of China, Hainan, New species, Sect. Diploclinium, Septal placentation


Ching-I Peng, Xiao-Hua Jin, Shin-Ming Ku, Yoshiko Kono, Han-Yau Huang, Hsun-An Yang. 2014. Begonia wuzhishanensis (sect. Diploclinium, Begoniaceae), a new species from Hainan Island, China. Botanical Studies. February 2014, 55:24, DOI dx.doi.org/10.1186/1999-3110-55-24

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